Cabaret du Ciel

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Cabaret du Ciel (Cabaret of Heaven) and Cabaret de l'Enfer (Cabaret of Hell) located side by side

The Cabaret du Ciel (Cabaret of Heaven) was a well-known cabaret in the Montmartre district of Paris.[1] The Cabaret du Ciel was an early version of modern theme restaurants, with a theme centered around celestial concepts connected to the afterlife in Paradise. The cabaret was located next to the Cabaret de L'Enfer (Cabaret of Hell) at the same address at 53 Boulevard de Clichy.[1]

The Cabaret du Ciel, along with the Cabaret de L'Enfer (Cabaret of Hell), and the Cabaret du Néant (Cabaret of Nothingness), was part of a trio of themed restaurants established at around the same time in Montmartre in the 1890s.[2][3][4] The Cabaret du Ciel and the Cabaret de L'Enfer took advantage of their proximity and enhanced it further by taking radically different approaches on their exterior design, which led prospective patrons to want to visit both during an outing.

Theme

Cabaret du Ciel interior
Cabaret du Ciel promo photo

Because the Cabaret du Ciel and the Cabaret de L'Enfer were next door to each other, customers could visit both and get an idea of these two very different concepts of entertainment. The two operations took advantage of their proximity and enhanced it further by taking radically different approaches on their exterior design.[5] The storefront of the Ciel was painted in white and blue, and was decorated by angels, while Hell's façade was painted in red and black and its entrance featured giant satanic jaws.[5]

The cabaret followed the trend of similar establishments of the era which focused their entertainment on death and the afterlife. The atmosphere inside the cabaret was provided by harp music, a master of ceremonies playing the role of a priest, and a selection of plays centered around themes involving the depiction of the joys of the heavenly afterlife.[6]

Inside the restaurant, beer was served, and the customers were greeted by acts such as angels playing music, St. Peter sprinkling holy water from the heavens, as well as reenactments of scenes related to Dante's Inferno.[7] In one part of the hall, there was a giant golden pig, surrounded by candles. The patrons formed a line, as they approached the statue of the animal, bowing and making the sign of the cross before it.[7]

Illustrations by W. C. Morrow

The following are illustrations by W. C. Morrow in his 1899 book Bohemian Paris of To-day.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b John Baxter (1 November 2011). Chronicles of Old Paris: Exploring the Historic City of Light. Museyon. p. 212. ISBN 978-1-938450-04-4. 
  2. ^ Laurence Senelick (8 October 2013). Stanislavsky: A Life in Letters. Taylor & Francis. p. 127. ISBN 978-1-136-34340-7. 
  3. ^ "The awesomely insane Heaven and Hell nightclubs of 1890s Paris". io9.gizmodo.com. 
  4. ^ Dorothy Hoobler; Thomas Hoobler (27 April 2009). The Crimes of Paris: A True Story of Murder, Theft, and Detection. Little, Brown. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-316-05253-5. 
  5. ^ a b Tijana Raki; Jo-Anne Lester (17 February 2016). Travel, Tourism and Art. Routledge. p. 223. ISBN 978-1-317-00643-5. 
  6. ^ Joel Schechter (11 October 2013). Popular Theatre: A Sourcebook. Routledge. p. 185. ISBN 978-1-136-41213-4. 
  7. ^ a b Terry Smith (1997). In Visible Touch: Modernism and Masculinity. University of Chicago Press. p. 153. ISBN 978-0-226-76411-5. 
  8. ^ W. C. Morrow. "Bohemian Paris of To-day". 

Further reading

  • "Bohemian Paris of To-day" by W. C. Morrow. Description of the three cabarets by W. C. Morrow

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