C (New York City Subway service)

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Eighth Avenue Local
"C" train symbol
Southbound R160 C train ready to leave Fulton St.jpg
A train made of R160 cars in C service at Fulton Street, bound for Brooklyn.
R32 C Train at 168th street.JPG
A train made of R32 cars in C service at 168th Street, bound for Brooklyn.
Map of the "C" train
Northern end 168th Street
Southern end Euclid Avenue
Stations 40
Rolling stock 64 R32s (8 trains, AM rush)
80 R160As (10 trains)
56 R32s (7 trains, PM rush)[1]
Depot 207th Street Yard
Started service September 10, 1932; 85 years ago (1932-09-10)
Route map
 A  trains continue north
 C  (local) Down arrow
168th Street
163rd Street–Amsterdam Avenue
155th Street
 B  D  trains continue to the Bronx
145th Street
135th Street
125th Street
116th Street
Cathedral Parkway–110th Street
103rd Street
96th Street
86th Street
81st Street–Museum of Natural History
72nd Street
59th Street–Columbus Circle
 B  D  trains continue south
 E  trains continue to Queens
50th Street
Handicapped/disabled access southbound only
42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal
34th Street–Penn Station
23rd Street
14th Street
West Fourth Street–Washington Square
Spring Street
Canal Street
 E  trains diverge
 A  express merges with  C  local
 E  Up arrow
Chambers Street
Fulton Street
High Street
 F  trains continue to Manhattan
Jay Street–MetroTech
 F  G  trains continue south
no regular service
trains continue west
Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets
 G  trains continue to Queens
 C  local
 A  express
Lafayette Avenue
Clinton–Washington Avenues
Franklin Avenue
Nostrand Avenue
Kingston–Throop Avenues
Utica Avenue
Ralph Avenue
Rockaway Avenue
Broadway Junction
Liberty Avenue
Van Siclen Avenue
Shepherd Avenue
 C  Up arrow
Euclid Avenue
 A  trains continue east


Lines used by the  C 
Other services sharing tracks with the  C 
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The C Eighth Avenue Local is a 19-mile-long (31 km)[2] rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored blue since it uses the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan.[3]

The C operates at all times except late nights between 168th Street in Washington Heights, Manhattan, and Euclid Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn, making local stops along its entire route. During late night hours, the A train, which runs express along the entire C route during daytime hours, makes all stops.

Rush hour C service formerly ran local along the IND Concourse Line to Bedford Park Boulevard in the Bronx and Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street in Queens.

History

The AA and CC services were the predecessors to the current C service. A and AA service began on September 10, 1932 with the opening of the IND Eighth Avenue Line. The Independent Subway System (IND) used single letters to refer to express services and double letters for local services. The A ran express and the AA ran local, from 168th Street to Chambers Street/World Trade Center, known at the time as Hudson Terminal. The AA ran at all times, and it was extended to 207th Street during nights and on Sundays when the A did not run. When the Eighth Avenue Line was extended to Jay Street – Borough Hall on February 1, 1933 the AA was extended there, but only during the times when the A didn't run; it continued to terminate at Chambers Street when the A did run.[4][5]

The C and CC services began operation on July 1, 1933 when the IND Concourse Line opened. The CC provided local service between Bedford Park Boulevard and Hudson Terminal during rush hours, and was extended to 205th Street during non-rush hours. It replaced the AA as Eighth Avenue Local. The C ran express, from 205th Street to Bergen Street in Brooklyn during rush hours.[4][6][7] Beginning August 19, 1933, C service was cut back from Bergen Street, but started operating during non-rush hours. At the same time, CC service was cut back from 205th Street during non-rush hours.[6]

On January 1, 1936, C service was extended to Jay Street–Borough Hall.[6] On April 9, 1937, C service was extended to Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets.[6] After July 1, 1937, a few C trains continued to run to Bergen Street southbound in the AM rush hour and northbound in the PM rush hour. Also on the same date, weekend C service was discontinued, and CC service was extended to 205th Street to compensate.[4]

Sixth Avenue Subway Will Be Opened to the Public at 12-01 A.M. Sunday, Dec 15, 1940

On December 15, 1940, the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened. Two new services, the BB (later B) and D, began running. These lines ran on the Eighth Avenue Line in upper Manhattan, switching to the Sixth Avenue Line in Midtown. The BB ran local to 168th Street during rush hours. The D joined the C as the peak direction Concourse Express. CC trains now ran between Hudson Terminal and Bedford Park during rush hours and on Saturdays and during other times, the D made local stops in the Bronx, replacing CC service. On the same date, limited morning rush hour service began between 205th Street, Bronx and Utica Avenue, Brooklyn, making local stops on the IND Fulton Street Line. AA service was reinstated during this time, but only during off-peak hours (non-rush hours, late Saturday afternoons and Sundays) when the BB and CC did not operate.[6][8] The CC would provide Eighth Avenue Line local service during rush hours, with the AA replacing it during off-peak hours, mostly unchanged until 1988.

Beginning October 10, 1944, C trains no longer ran on Saturdays.[4] On October 24, 1949, C express service was discontinued. Additional D service was added to offset this loss. The CC, which only ran during rush hours, began terminating at Broadway–Lafayette Street Mondays to Fridays, and on Saturdays CC service continued to operate to Hudson Terminal.[4][9] On December 29, 1951, Saturday CC service was discontinued.[4] Weekday CC service returned to its previous terminal at Hudson Terminal on October 30, 1954.[4][10]

AA Train (1967-1979).svg
CC Train (1967-1979).svg
1967-1979 bullets

On August 30, 1976, the CC train replaced the E train as the rush-hour local along the IND Fulton Street Line and IND Rockaway Line, running from Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street in Queens through Brooklyn and Manhattan to Bedford Park Boulevard in the Bronx, making it the only service to run through all four boroughs served by the subway.[11] The Rockaway Park Shuttle HH was renamed CC. This shuttle ran between Broad Channel and Rockaway Park during off-peak hours, except late nights. With this, all daytime service to/from Rockaway Park was named CC. Late nights, the shuttle ran between Euclid Avenue, Rockaway Park and Far Rockaway-Mott Avenue via Hammels Wye, and was labeled A.[4][6]

On August 28, 1977, late night AA service was eliminated; the A now runs fully local at night.[4][5][12]

AA Train (1979-1985).svg
CC Train (1979-1985).svg
1979-1985 bullets

On May 6, 1985, the IND practice of using double letters to indicate local service was discontinued. The AA was renamed the K and rush hour CC service was renamed C. The off-peak Rockaway Park Shuttle is renamed H.[4][6][13] This change was not officially reflected in schedules until May 24, 1987.[5]

K Train (1985-1987).svg
1985-1988 K bullet

On December 10, 1988, the K designation was discontinued; the service was merged into the C, which now runs at all times except late nights. The C ran from Bedford Park Boulevard to Rockaway Park rush hours, 145th Street to Euclid Avenue middays, and from 145th Street to World Trade Center during evenings and weekends. The A now ran express in Brooklyn during middays and the B was extended to 168th Street during middays and early evenings.[4][6][14]

On October 23, 1992, rush hour C service was cut back from Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street to Euclid Avenue. Now, five A trips in each direction run from Manhattan to Rockaway Park during rush hours, with the Rockaway Park Shuttle (renamed from H to S) operating between Broad Channel and Rockaway Park at all times.

Beginning April 1995, C service was extended to 168th Street during middays and weekends as construction on the Manhattan Bridge cut B service from Manhattan. In November 1995, midday service was cut back to 145th Street after B service to 168th Street was restored. On March 1, 1998, the B and C, which both ran local along Central Park West, switched northern terminals, ending the connection between the C and the Bronx. Instead of alternating between three different terminals depending on the time of day, all C service now terminates at 168th Street.[6][15]

Starting in April 1999, C trains were extended to Euclid Avenue on evenings and weekends; the C now runs local in Brooklyn and Manhattan, and the A express, at all times except late nights.[4]

In the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, World Trade Center station was temporarily unusable as a terminal for the E. C service was suspended until September 24, 2001. Local service along Central Park West was replaced by the A and D, and the E was extended from Canal Street to Euclid Avenue replacing C service in Brooklyn.[4]

On January 23, 2005, a fire at the Chambers Street signal room crippled A and C service. C service was suspended until February 2. Initial assessments suggested that it would take several years to restore normal service, but the damaged equipment was replaced with available spare parts, and normal service resumed on April 21.[4][16][17]

Maintenance and rider issues

In August 2012, the Straphangers Campaign rated the C train the worst of the city's subway services for the fourth straight year. No other service has ranked worst for more than three years in a row. The group found that the C performed worst in three of the six categories in its annual State of the Subways Report Card: amount of scheduled service, interior cleanliness, and breakdown rate. It also ranked next-to-worst in car announcement quality, after the 7, but performed above average in regularity of service and crowding.[18][19] The New York Times called the C the "least loved of New York City subway lines", citing its fleet of R32s, which are the oldest cars in the system at 53 years old.[18]

Improvements

For the summers of 2011 and 2012, R46 cars ran on this service while R32s were moved to the A to save their older air conditioning units from having to work underground at all times.[2] Since 2013, some R160A cars have operated on this service, first during the summer months, then permanently; most of the R32s were transferred to the mostly outdoor J/Z for the same reason. By May 2015, more than half of the C train's fleet utilized R160As.[2]

Due to low ridership on the C, its trains are only 480 feet (146 m) long, in contrast to those on the rest of the "B" Division (except for the Eastern Division), which are 600 feet (183 m) long. There are proposals to lengthen C trains, but none have been implemented.[2]

Route

Service pattern

The following table shows the lines used by the C:[20]

Line From To Tracks
IND Eighth Avenue Line 168th Street Canal Street local
Chambers Street High Street all
IND Fulton Street Line Jay Street–MetroTech Euclid Avenue local

Stations

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only (limited service)
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
C service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections
Manhattan
Eighth Avenue Line
Stops all times except late nights 168th Street Handicapped/disabled access A all times
1 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights 163rd Street–Amsterdam Avenue
Stops all times except late nights 155th Street Bx6 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights 145th Street A all times
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all times (IND Concourse Line)
Stops all times except late nights 135th Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights 125th Street Handicapped/disabled access A all timesB weekdays until 11:00 p.m. ​​D all times M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times except late nights 116th Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights Cathedral Parkway–110th Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights 103rd Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights 96th Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights 86th Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. M86 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights 81st Street–Museum of Natural History B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. M79 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights 72nd Street B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times except late nights 59th Street–Columbus Circle Handicapped/disabled access A all timesB weekdays until 11:00 p.m. ​​D all times
1 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights 50th Street Handicapped/disabled access ↓ E all times (IND Queens Boulevard Line) Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only.
Stops all times except late nights 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal Handicapped/disabled access A all times ​​E all times
1 all times 2 all times 3 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line),
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​ (IRT Flushing Line),
N all timesQ all timesR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line),
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
at Times Square–42nd Street
Port Authority Bus Terminal
M34A Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights 34th Street–Penn Station Handicapped/disabled access A all times ​​E all times M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
Stops all times except late nights 23rd Street E all times M23 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights 14th Street Handicapped/disabled access A all times ​​E all times
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
Stops all times except late nights West Fourth Street–Washington Square Handicapped/disabled access A all times ​​E all times
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all timesF all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
PATH at 9th Street
Stops all times except late nights Spring Street E all times
Stops all times except late nights Canal Street A all times ​​E all times
Stops all times except late nights Chambers Street A all times ​​E all times
2 weekdays and weekday late nights3 weekdays only (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at Park Place)
PATH at World Trade Center
Stops all times except late nights Fulton Street Handicapped/disabled access A all times
2 weekdays and weekday late nights3 weekdays only (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
4 all times5 all except late nights (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J all timesZ rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Connection to R all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line) at Cortlandt Street via Dey Street Passageway
Brooklyn
Stops all times except late nights High Street A all times
Fulton Street Line
Stops all times except late nights Jay Street–MetroTech Handicapped/disabled access A all times F all times
R all timesW limited rush hour service only (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets A all times
G all times (IND Crosstown Line)
Stops all times except late nights Lafayette Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Clinton–Washington Avenues
Stops all times except late nights Franklin Avenue Handicapped/disabled access S all times (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights Nostrand Avenue A all times B44 Select Bus Service, LIRR Atlantic Branch at Nostrand Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Kingston–Throop Avenues B15 bus to JFK Airport
Stops all times except late nights Utica Avenue Handicapped/disabled access A all times B46 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights Ralph Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Rockaway Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Broadway Junction A all times
J all times M all times except late nights Z rush hours, peak direction​ (BMT Jamaica Line)
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
Stops all times except late nights Liberty Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Van Siclen Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Shepherd Avenue
Stops all times except late nights Euclid Avenue Handicapped/disabled access A all times

References

  1. ^ Korman, Joe (January 1, 2017). "BMT-IND Car Assignments". JoeKorNer. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Review of the A and C Lines" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 11, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2016. 
  3. ^ "mta.info - Line Colors". mta.info. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "NYCT Line by Line History". www.erictb.info. Retrieved 2016-06-09. 
  5. ^ a b c "The ERA Bulletin 2011-11". Issuu. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "IND Subway Services". thejoekorner.com. 
  7. ^ "NEW BRONX SUBWAY STARTS OPERATION; $40,000,000 Branch of City System Opens at 1 A.M. With 80 on First Train. LINK TO WESTCHESTER Expresses to Bring 205th St. Within Half Hour of 42d -- 46 Minutes to Brooklyn". The New York Times. July 1, 1933. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  8. ^ "The New Subway Routes". The New York Times. December 15, 1940. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  9. ^ "IND Faster Service Will Start Sunday". New York Times. October 20, 1949. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Bronx to Coney Ride In New Subway Link". New York Times. October 18, 1954. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Service Adjustment on BMT and IND Lines Effective 1 A.M. Monday, Aug. 30". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. August 1976. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Service Adjustments on the BMT and IND Lines Effective Midnight, Saturday, August 27 New York City Transit Authority (1977)". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 2016-06-09. 
  13. ^ "Hey, What's a "K" train? 1985 Brochure". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  14. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  15. ^ "March 1, 1998 B C Routes are switching places above 145 St". Flickr. New York City Transit. March 1998. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 
  16. ^ "LONG REPAIR SEEN". The New York Times. January 25, 2005. 
  17. ^ "Remembering a fire at Chambers St". Second Ave. Sagas. 
  18. ^ a b Grynbaum, Michael M. (August 26, 2011). "For Often-Late Cars of Subway's C Train, Retirement Must Wait". The New York Times. Retrieved August 26, 2011. 
  19. ^ "State of the Subways 2012 table". Straphangers Campaign. Retrieved August 1, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 

External links

  • MTA NYC Transit – C Eighth Avenue Local
  • MTA Subway Time – C Train
  • "C Subway Timetable, Effective June 25, 2017" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 25, 2017. 
  • MTA NYC Transit – A C Line Review
    • Main Document
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