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Type anti-ship, and air to surface cruise missile
Place of origin China
Service history
Used by China
Production history
Manufacturer China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation[1]
Weight 1.85 t (ship launched)[2]
1.5 t (air-launched)[2]
Length 6.5 m (ship launched)[2]
7.5 m (air-launched)[2]
Diameter 0.54 m[2]
Warhead 300 kg warhead[3]

Engine Ramjet[2]
Wingspan 1.62 m[2]
Propellant Kerosene[2]
50 km[4]
Flight altitude 50 m (cruising)[2]
5 m (terminal)[2]
Speed Mach 2[2]
Air, surface

The C-101 is a Chinese supersonic anti-ship cruise missile.[6] It is manufactured by the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation Third Academy.[1]

The C-101 was an early Chinese supersonic cruise missile. It has been described as unsuccessful.[6][7]

The People's Liberation Army Navy designation is YJ-1 (Chinese: 鹰击-1; pinyin: yingji-1; literally: "eagle strike 1").[6][7]


The C-101 is launched with solid-fuel rocket boosters to a speed of Mach 1.8[8]. Two ramjets sustain a cruise and impact speed of Mach 2.[9] At three kilometers from the target, the missile descends from a cruise altitude of 50 meters[10] to 5 meters[11].


  1. ^ a b Gormley, Dennis M.; Erickson, Andrew S.; Yuan, Jingdong (1 April 2014). "A Low-Visibility Force Multiplier: Assessing China's Cruise Missile Ambitions". National Defense University. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Zhou and Zhang: page 4 (trans.)
  3. ^ a b Zhou and Zhang: page 6 (trans.)
  4. ^ Kan, Shirley A. (10 August 2000). China: Ballistic and Cruise Missiles (Report). United States Congressional Research Service. p. 19. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  5. ^ Zhou and Zhang: page 5 (trans.)
  6. ^ a b c Gormley, Dennis M.; Erickson, Andrew S.; Yuan, Jingdong (30 September 2014). "A Potent Vector: Assessing Chinese Cruise Missile Developments". Joint Forces Quarterly. National Defense University (75): 101. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  7. ^ a b Carlson, Christopher P. (4 February 2013). "China's Eagle Strike-Eight Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles: Designation Confusion and the Family Members from YJ-8 to YJ-8A". DefenseMediaNetwork. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  8. ^ Zhou and Zhang: page 11 (trans.)
  9. ^ Zhou and Zhang: page 10 (trans.)
  10. ^ Zhou and Zhang: page 13 (trans.)
  11. ^ Zhou and Zhang: page 14 (trans.)
  • Zhou, Zhizhong; Zhang, Changgen (5 November 1991), translated by SCITRAN, "China'S C10 Supersonic Anti-Ship Missile Weapons System" (PDF), Shijie Daodan Yu Hangtian, pp. 34–38

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