Business jet

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Almost 1,700 BAe 125/Hawker 800 were produced.

A business jet, private jet, or bizjet is a jet aircraft designed for transporting small groups of people.[1] Business jets may be adapted for other roles, such as the evacuation of casualties or express parcel deliveries, and some are used by public bodies, government officials or the armed forces.

History

The Lockheed JetStar is the earliest business jet.

1950s first flight

The Lockheed JetStar, seating ten passengers and two crew, first flew on 4 September 1957. 204 aircraft were produced from 1957 to 1978, powered by four 3,300 pounds-force (15 kN) Pratt & Whitney JT12 turbojets, then Garrett TFE731 turbofans for a 44,500 pounds (20.2 t) MTOW, then two General Electric CF700 turbofans.

The smaller, 17,760 pounds (8.06 t) MTOW North American Sabreliner first flew on 16 September 1958. Powered by two Pratt & Whitney JT12 turbojet engines then Garrett TFE731, more than 800 were produced from 1959 to 1982.

1960s first flight

The 1963 Learjet 23 was the first light jet.
The first large, long range jet was the Grumman Gulfstream II in 1966.

The 25,000 pounds (11 t) MTOW British Aerospace 125 first flew on 13 August 1962, powered by two 3,000 pounds-force (13 kN) Armstrong Siddeley Viper turbojets. Its engines were replaced by Garrett TFE731, then Pratt & Whitney Canada PW300 turbofans. Almost 1,700 aircraft were produced between 1962 and 2013 after being marketed as the Hawker 800.

The 23,500 pounds (10.7 t) MTOW IAI Westwind, developed by Aero Commander, first flew on 27 January 1963, powered by two General Electric CJ610 turbojets, then Garrett TFE731. 442 were built from 1965 to 1987 and it was developed in the IAI Astra, re-branded as the Gulfstream G100.

The 29,000 pounds (13 t) MOTW Dassault Falcon 20 first flew on 4 May 1963, powered by two General Electric CF700, then Garrett ATF3 turbofans and Garrett TFE731. From 1963 to 1988, 508 were built and it is the basis of the Dassault Falcon family.

The first light jet first flew on 7 October 1963 : the Learjet 23. Powered by two 2,850 pounds-force (12.7 kN) General Electric CJ610, its 12,500 pounds (5.7 t) MTOW complies with FAR Part 23 regulations. 104 were built between 1962 and 1966 and it is the first member of the Learjet Family.

The forward wing sweep, 20,280 pounds (9.20 t) MOTW Hamburger Flugzeugbau HFB 320 Hansa Jet first flew on 21 April 1964, powered by two General Electric CJ610, 47 were built between 1965 and 1973. The joint Piaggo-Douglas, 18,000 pounds (8.2 t) MOTW Piaggio PD.808 first flew on 29 August 1964, powered by two Armstrong Siddeley Vipers, 24 were built for the Italian Air Force.

On 2 October 1966 the first large business jet first flew, the 65,500 pounds (29.7 t) MTOW Grumman Gulfstream II, powered by two 11,400 pounds-force (51 kN) Rolls-Royce Spey turbofans. From 1967 to the late 70s, 258 were built and it led to the ongoing Gulfstream Aerospace long range family.

The 11,850 pounds (5.38 t) MTOW Cessna Citation I first flew on 15 September 1969, powered by two 2,200 pounds-force (9.8 kN) Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D turbofans. Produced between 1969 and 1985 at 689 samples, it is the first of the Cessna Citation family.

1970s first flight

The trijet Dassault Falcon 50 made its first flight on 7 November 1976. The 40,000 pounds (18 t) MTOW airplane is powered by three 3,700 pounds-force (16 kN) TFE731. With the cross-section of the Falcon 20, it is the basis of the larger Falcon 900.

On 8 November 1978, the prototype Canadair Challenger took off. The 43,000–48,000 pounds (20–22 t) MTOW craft, usually powered by two 9,200 pounds-force (41 kN) General Electric CF34, the basis of the long range Global Express family and of the Bombardier CRJ regional airliners. The 1000th Challenger has entered service in 2015.

On 30 May 1979 took off the clean-sheet 22,000 pounds (10.0 t) MTOW Cessna Citation III powered by two 3,650 pounds-force (16.2 kN) TFE731, basis of the larger Citation X.

The Mitsubishi MU-300 Diamond made its first flight on 29 August 1978. The 16,100 pounds (7.3 t) MTOW jet was powered by two 2,900 pounds-force (13 kN) JT15D. 950 have been produced, it was renamed Beechjet 400 then Hawker 400.

1980s first flight

The 1980s only saw the introduction of derivatives and no major new design. Also there was an advent of fractional ownership in the late 1980s for business jets.[2]

1990s first flight

The clean-sheet Learjet 45 took off on 7 October 1995. The 21,500 pounds (9.8 t) is powered by two 3,500 pounds-force (16 kN) TFE731. 642 have been made since.

Powered by two 2,300 pounds-force (10 kN) Williams FJ44, the 12,500 pounds (5.7 t) Beechcraft Premier I light jet made its first flight on 22 December 1998. Nearly 300 had been made before the production stopped in 2013.

2000s first flight

In the opposite way of Bombardier, Embraer derived the Legacy 600 from the ERJ regional jet family. Powered by two 8,800 pounds-force (39.2 kN) Rolls-Royce AE 3007, the 50,000 pounds (22.5 t) plane took off first on 31 March 2001.

On 14 August 2001, the Bombardier Challenger 300 made its first flight. The 38,850 pounds (17.62 t) aircraft is powered by two 6,825 pounds-force (30.36 kN) HTF7000. The 500th was delivered in 2015.

The first very light jet, the 5,950 pounds (2.70 t) MTOW Eclipse 500, took off on 26 August 2002, powered by two 900 pounds-force (4.0 kN) Pratt & Whitney Canada PW600. 260 have been produced till 2008.

It was followed by the 8,645 pounds (3.921 t) MTOW Cessna Citation Mustang on 23 April 2005, powered by two 1,460 pounds-force (6.5 kN) Pratt & Whitney Canada PW600 and produced at more than 450.

Then the Embraer Phenom 100 made its maiden flight on 26 July 2007. The 10,500 pounds (4.75 t) MTOW airplane is powered by two 1,600 pounds-force (7.2 kN) Pratt & Whitney Canada PW600. With its Phenom 300 development, nearly 600 have been made.

New models

After peaking in 2008, deliveries slowed due to political instability but the industry hopes to revive demand by introducing more attractive and competitive new models, four in 2018:[3]

In October 2018, consultant Jetcraft expected 20 variants or new designs to enter service before 2023 (seven large, seven midsize and six small): in 2019 the Global 5500/6500, Gulfstream G600, Citation XLS++ and a CitationJet CJ4/+, while the Praetor 500/600 to be introduced in 2019 were predicted for 2021/2022; in 2020 a Gulfstream G750; in 2021 the Falcon 6X, Learjet 70XR/75XR and Global 7500XR; in 2022 the Challenger 350XRS; in 2023 the Citation Hemisphere, an Embraer Legacy 700, Phenom 100V+, Dassault Falcon 9X, Challenger 750 and Gulfstream G400NG; in 2025 a Citation Mustang 2+.[4]

Configuration

Though the early Lockheed Jetstar had four, most production business jets have two jet engines, mostly rear-mounted podded engine. If mounted below their low wing, it wouldn't allow sufficient engine clearance without a too long landing gear. The HondaJet is the exception with its over the wing engine pods. Dassault Falcon still builds three-engine models derived from the Falcon 50, and the very light jet market has seen several single-engine design concepts and the introduction of the Cirrus Vision SF50 in 2016.

Rolls-Royce plc powers over 3,000 business jets, 42% of the fleet:[5] all the Gulfstreams and Bombardier Globals, the Citation X and Embraer Legacy 600, early Hawkers, and many small jets with the Williams-Rolls FJ44.[6]

Market

An ultra long range Global 6000 behind, a super midsize Gulfstream G200 in the left foreground and a large Falcon 2000 at right

Fleet

About 70% of the fleet was in North America at the end of 2011, the European market is the next largest, with growing activity in the Middle East, Asia, and Central America.[7]

On 1 April 2017, there were 22,368 business jets in the worldwide fleet, of which 11.2% were for sale.[8]

By October 2018, the 20,831 jets fleet was dominated by Textron with 43.9%, then Bombardier with 22.4%, Gulfstream with 13.0%, Dassault with 9.6% and Embraer with 5.8%, mostly in North America (64.6%), followed by Europe (13.0%) South America (12.1%) and Asia-Pacific (5.9%).[9]

Market shares

In 2015 the total airplane billing amounted to US$21.9 billion, and 718 business jets were delivered to customers across the globe : 199 (27.7%) by Bombardier Aerospace, 166 (23.1%) by Cessna, 154 (21.4%) by Gulfstream Aerospace, 120 (16.7%) by Embraer and 55 (7.7%) by Dassault Falcon.[10]

In 2017, 676 business jets were shipped, led by Gulfstream with $6.56 Billion for 120 aircraft, Bombardier with $5.2 Billion for 140, Cessna with $2.87 Billion (including propeller aircraft and 180 jets), Dassault with $2.42 Billion for 49 and Embraer with $1.35 Billion for 109.[11]

Worldwide market[10]
Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Planes 278 300 316 438 515 667 752 784 676 518 592 750 887 1137 1317 874 767 696 672 718 722 718
Value ($B) 2.92 3.35 3.88 6.02 10.19 7.22 11.66 12.12 10.43 8.62 10.40 13.16 16.56 19.35 21.95 17.44 18.00 17.26 17.11 21.06 22.02 21.87
Average ($M) 10.5 11.2 12.3 13.7 14 15.3 15.5 15.5 15.4 16.6 17.6 17.5 18.7 17 16.7 20 23.5 24.8 25.5 29.3 30.5 30.5

Second hand

Five-year old aircraft residual value level is at a 56% of the list price.[12] A new business aircraft depreciate by 50% in five years before depreciation flattens between years 10 and 15, and the owner of a 15 to 20 years old is often the last, matching luxury cars.[13]

Business jets have varying value retention, between the leading Phenom 300E, sold for $9.45 million in 2018 and expected to retain 68% of its value 15 years later for $6.46 million in 2033, and the trailing $24.5 million Gulfstream G280, predicted to retain 42% of its value for $10.25 million.[14]

Forecasts

In October 2017 Jetcraft forecasts 8,349 unit deliveries in the next decade for $252 billion, a 30.2 $M average. Cessna should lead the numbers with 27.3% of the deliveries ahead of Bombardier with 20.9% while Gulfstream would almost lead the revenue market share with 27.8% trailing Bombardier with 29.2%.[12] For 2016-2025, Jetcraft forecasted Pratt & Whitney Canada should be the first engine supplier with 30% of the $24B revenue, in front of the current leader Rolls-Royce at 25%. Honeywell will hold 45% of the avionics $16B revenue ahead of Rockwell Collins with 37% and Garmin.[15]

For 2019-2028, Honeywell predicts 7,700 aircraft to be delivered for $251 billion. Its breakdown is 62% big (87% in value) - super-midsize to business liner, 10% midsize (7% in value) - light-medium to medium, and 28% small (6% in value). The global demand is expected to come from North America for 61%, 16% from Europe, 12% from Latin America, 7% from Asia-Pacific and 4% from Middle East and Africa.[16]

For the next decade, Aviation Week predicts 8,683 business jets and 2,877 turboprops deliveries, from 792 jets in 2019 to 917 in 2028, and mostly in North America with 5,986 jets and 2,024 turboprops worth $126.1 billion. Most value will come from ultra-long-range jets with $104.7 billion, followed by super-midsize jets for $33.3 billion and large jets for $30.6 billion. The fleet should grow from 31,300 aircraft to nearly 35,600 and Textron Aviation should lead the market with 25% of deliveries worth $32.1 billion.[17] For the decade starting in 2018, 22,190 Engine deliveries were forecast, led by the Honeywell HTF7000, Williams FJ44, Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A Medium, Pratt & Whitney Canada PW300 and the Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A Large. The average utilization should be 365 flight hours per aircraft per year.[18]

Engines

Built by Pratt & Whitney Canada, the 4,700–8,000 lbf (21–36 kN) PW300 powers the Falcon 7X/8X trijets and Falcon 2000 twinjets. The 10,000-20,000lbf (45-89kN) PW800 was launched in 2008 but was selected for the Cessna Citation Columbus, cancelled a year after. It was then chosen for the Gulfstream G500/G600 launched in 2014 and due to enter service in 2018/2019, and picked in 2018 for the Dassault Falcon 6X 2021 first flight. The 12,000 lbf (53 kN) Safran Silvercrest was rejected for the cancelled Falcon 5X, it is still selected for the Citation Hemisphere, but the aircraft development is suspended until the turbofan is perfected. GE Aviation produce the 10,000–20,000 lbf (44–89 kN) Passport for the Bombardier Global 7500, due to enter service in 2018, and is developing an engine for the supersonic Aerion AS2.[19]

Rolls-Royce plc was revealed as the engine supplier for the Global 5500/6500 with the Rolls-Royce Pearl 15, an improved BR710 resembling the Gulfstream G650's BR725. The AE3007C powered Cessna Citation X+ is near its production end. The Honeywell HTF7700L replaced the Silvercrest for the Citation Longitude, due to enter service in 2018, and already powers the Bombardier Challenger 300/350, Gulfstream G280 and Embraer Legacy 450/500. Its 3,500–5,000 lbf (16–22 kN) TFE731 powers the Learjet 70/75 and Falcon 900LX. Williams International’s FJ44 powers the Pilatus PC-24, launched in 2013 and introduced in early 2018, the Nextant 400XTi and the in-development SyberJet SJ30i, as well as the Cessna Citation CJ3+/4, while the smaller FJ33 powers the Cirrus Vision SF50 single-engine business jet.[19]

Turboprops

For the first half of 2018, while business jets deliveries are relatively flat, new turboprops are up 10%, pressurized ones are up 12%, and King Airs are up 30%. Charter membership Wheels Up, operated by Gama Aviation, saw its flight hours surge by 18% and expanded its fleet from 99 to 117 with mostly King Air 350s. From a fleet of 63 King Airs in 2017, Wheels Up aim for a fleet of 1,000 for 75,000 members in North America and Europe by 2030.[20]

Operators

There are three basic types of operators who own, manage and operate private jets.[citation needed]

Flight departments

Flight departments are corporate-owned operators who manage the aircraft of a specific company. Ford Motor Company, Chrysler, and Altria are examples of companies that own, maintain and operate their own fleet of private aircraft for their employees. Flight departments handle all aspects of aircraft operation and maintenance. In the United States, flight-department aircraft operate under FAR 91 operating rules.

A 2010 study by the National Business Aviation Association found that small and midsize companies that use private jets produce a 219% higher earnings growth rate than those that strictly fly commercial.[21]

Charter companies

Charter operators own or manage private jets for multiple clients. Like traditional flight departments, charter companies handle all aspects of aircraft operation and maintenance. However, they are not aligned with just one corporation. They manage aircraft for a private owner or corporation and also handle the sales of available flight time on the aircraft they own or manage. Maintenance services can also be provided which typically include on-site or mobile repair, major and minor routine inspections, troubleshooting assistance away from base, avionics installation and repair, jet engine and battery service, interior modifications and refurbishment, Inspection Authority (IA) qualified inspectors, aircraft planning and budgetary projections, compliance with service bulletins, aircraft storage management, record keeping and management, technical appraisal of private jet purchases, leases and lease terminations, and Part 91 or Part 135 conformity inspections.

In the United States, business aircraft may be operated under either FAR 91 as private operations for the business purposes of the owner, or under FAR 135 as commercial operations for the business purposes of a third party. One common arrangement for operational flexibility purposes is for the aircraft's owner to operate the aircraft under FAR 91 when needed for its own purposes, and to allow a third-party charter-manager to operate it under FAR 135 when the aircraft is needed for the business purposes of third parties (such as for other entities within the corporate group of the aircraft's owner).[22]

Aircraft charter brokers have entered the marketplace through the ease of setting up a website and business online. Aircraft charter operators are legally responsible for the safe operation of aircraft and charter brokers require no economic authority and are largely unregulated. The Department of Transportation requires that air charter brokers disclose to the consumer that they do not operate aircraft and cannot use terms like "our fleet of aircraft", "we operate", "our charter service" and others.[23]

Fractional ownership

Since 1996 the term "fractional jet" has been used in connection with business aircraft owned by a consortium of companies. Under such arrangements, overhead costs such as flight crew, hangarage and maintenance are split among the users.

Fractional ownership of aircraft involves an individual or corporation who pays an upfront equity share for the cost of an aircraft. If four parties are involved, a partner would pay one-fourth of the aircraft price (a "quarter share"). That partner is now an equity owner in that aircraft and can sell the equity position if necessary. This also entitles the new owner to a certain number of hours of flight time on that aircraft, or any comparable aircraft in the fleet. Additional fees include monthly management fees and incidentals such as catering and ground transportation. In the United States, fractional-ownership operations may be regulated by either FAA part 91 or part 135.[24]

Surveillance

With smaller equipment, long-range business aircraft can be modified in surveillance aircraft to perform specialized missions cost-effectively, from ground surveillance to maritime patrol:[25]

Classes

Business jets can be categorized according to their size.

Very light jets

The most-sold VLJ is the Cessna Citation Mustang.

The very light jet (VLJ) is a classification initiated by the release of the Eclipse 500,[27][28][29] on 31 December 2006, which was originally available at around US$1.5 million, cheaper than existing business jets and comparable with turboprop airplanes. It accompanied a bubble for air taxi services, exemplified by DayJet which ceased operations on September 2008, Eclipse Aviation failed to sustain its business model and filed for bankruptcy in February 2009.

Cessna simultaneously developed the Citation Mustang,[30][27][28] a six-place twinjet (2 crew + 4 passengers), followed by the Embraer Phenom 100[30][27][28][29] and the Honda Jet.[27][29] They have a maximum takeoff weight lighter than the FAR Part 23 12,500 pounds limit, and are approved for single-pilot operation. They typically accommodate 5-7 passengers over a 965 nmi average range, with a $3.6M mean price. Some VLJs such as the Eclipse and Mustang have no or limited lavatory facilities.[31]

Very light jets, 4 pax mission[32]
Model Price Pax Length Span int. L int. W Engines Thrust MTOW Range Cruise Fuel/nmi var./hour[33]
Cirrus SF50 $1.96M 4-6 30.9 ft 38.3 ft 9.8 ft 5.1 ft 1 FJ33 1800 lbf 6,000 lb 714 nmi 256 kn 1.35 lb $662
Eclipse 550 $2.495M 4-5 33.5 ft 37.9 ft 10.0 ft 4.7 ft 2 PW610 1800 lbf 6,000 lb 825 nmi 334 kn 1.17 lb $889
Phenom 100EV $4.495M 5-7 42.1 ft 40.4 ft 11.0 ft 5.1 ft 2 PW617 3460 lbf 10,703 lb 1,092 nmi 340 kn 1.87 lb $1,152
Nextant 400XTi $4.65M 7-9 48.4 ft 43.5 ft 15.5 ft 4.9 ft 2 FJ44 6104 lbf 16,300 lb 1,801 nmi 406 kn 2.06 lb $1,623
Cessna Citation M2 $4.7M 7 42.6 ft 47.3 ft 11.0 ft 4.8 ft 2 FJ44 3930 lbf 10,700 lb 1,183 nmi 370 kn 1.99 lb $1,395
HondaJet $4.9M 5-6 42.6 ft 39.8 ft 12.1 ft 5.0 ft 2 HF120 4074 lbf 10,600 lb 1,065 nmi 361 kn 1.86 lb $1,135

Light jets

1800 Cessna CitationJet have been produced.

Light jets have been a staple of the business jet industry since the advent of the Learjet 23 in the early 1960s. They provide access to small airports and the speed to be an effective air travel tool. Aircraft of this class include:

They typically accommodate 6-8 passengers over a 1953 nmi average range, with a $9.1M mean price.

Light Jets, 4 pax mission[32]
Model Price Pax Length Span int. L int. W Engines Thrust MTOW Range Cruise Fuel/nm var./hour[33]
Cessna Citation CJ3+ $8.295M 8-9 51.2 ft 53.3 ft 15.7 ft 4.8 ft 2 FJ44 5640 lbf 13,870 lb 1,825 nmi 376 kn 2.06 lb $1,680
SyberJet SJ30i $8.3M 5-6 46.8 ft 42.3 ft 12.5 ft 4.8 ft 2 FJ44 4600 lbf 13,950 lb 2,205 nmi 408 kn 1.68 lb $1,608
Pilatus PC-24 $8.9M 8-11 55.2 ft 55.8 ft 23.0 ft 5.5 ft 2 FJ44-4A 6800 lbf 17,650 lb 2,035 nmi 367 kn 2.42 lb NA
Cessna Citation CJ4 $9.195M 8-9 53.3 ft 50.8 ft 17.3 ft 4.8 ft 2 FJ44 7242 lbf 17,110 lb 1927 nmi 416 kn 2.55 lb $1,970
Phenom 300 $9.450M 7-10 51.2 ft 52.2 ft 17.2 ft 5.1 ft 2 PW535E 6720 lbf 18,387 lb 1936 nmi 411 kn 2.33 lb $1,758
Learjet 70 $11.3M 6-7 56.0 ft 50.9 ft 17.7 ft 5.1 ft 2 TFE731 7700 lbf 21,500 lb 2045 nm 426 kn 2.48 lb $2,166

Mid-size jets

Nearly 1700 BAe 125/Hawker 800 have been built.

These aircraft are suitable for longer-range travel such as transcontinental flights and for travel with larger passenger capacity requirements. Aircraft of this class include:

They typically accommodate 9 passengers over a 1890 nmi average range, with a $15M mean price.

Mid-size jets, 4 pax mission[32]
Model Price Pax Length Span int. L int. W Engines Thrust MTOW Range Cruise Fuel/nmi var./hour[33]
Cessna Citation XLS+ $13.05M 9-12 52.5 ft 56.3 ft 18.5 ft 5.7 ft 2 PW545 8238 lb 20200 lb 1841 nmi 398 kn 2.98 lb $2,303
Learjet 75 $13.8M 8-9 58.0 ft 50.9 ft 19.8 ft 5.1 ft 2 TFE731 7700 lb 21500 lb 2026 nmi 427 kn 2.5 lb $2,172
Embraer Legacy 450 $16.57M 7-9 64.7 ft 66.5 ft 20.6 ft 6.8 ft 2 HTF7000 13080 lb 35759 lb 2904 nmi 431 kn 3.54 lb $2,789
Citation Latitude $16.65M 9 62.3 ft 72.3 ft 21.8 ft 6.4 ft 2 PW300 11814 lb 30800 lb 2678 nmi 401 kn 3.58 lb $2,936

Super mid-size jets

The most widespread super mid-size jet is the Challenger 300.

Super mid-size jets feature wide-body cabin space, high-altitude capability, speed, and long range. These jets combine transatlantic capability with the speed and comfort of a wide-body, high-altitude aircraft. Aircraft of this class include:

They typically accommodate 10-11 passengers over a 3282 nmi average range, with a $22.5M mean price:

Super mid-size jets, 4 pax mission[32]
Model Price Pax Length Span int. L int. W Engines Thrust MTOW Range Cruise Fuel/nm var./hour[33]
Citation Sovereign+ $17.9M 9-12 63.5 ft 72.3 ft 25.3 ft 5.7 ft 2 PW300 11814 lb 30,775 lb 3069 nmi 402 kn 3.15 lb $2,699
Embraer Legacy 500 $20.0M 8-12 68.1 ft 66.4 ft 24.6 ft 6.8 ft 2 HTF7000 14072 lb 38,360 lb 3125 nmi 433 kn 3.59 lb $3,180
Cessna Citation X+ $23.4M 9-12 73.6 ft 69.2 ft 25.2 ft 5.7 ft 2 AE3007 14068 lb 36,600 lb 3372 nmi 465 kn 3.31 lb $4,099
Gulfstream G280 $24.5M 10-19 66.8 ft 63.0 ft 25.8 ft 7.2 ft 2 HTF7000 15248 lb 39,600 lb 3646 nmi 451 kn 3.5 lb $3,163
Challenger 350 $26.7M 9-11 68.7 ft 69.0 ft 25.2 ft 7.2 ft 2 HTF7000 14646 lb 40,600 lb 3250 nmi 448 kn 3.76 lb $3,152

Large jets

More than 1000 Challenger 600 have been produced.

They typically accommodate 13-14 passengers over a 4001 nmi average range, with a $33.8M mean price.

Large Jets, 4 pax mission[41]
Model Price Pax Length Span int. L int. W Engines Thrust MTOW Range Cruise Fuel/nmi var./hour[33]
Embraer Legacy 650E $25.9M 13-19 86.4 ft 69.5 ft 42.4 ft 6.9 ft 2 AE3007 18040 lb 53,572 lb 3919 nmi 415 kn 4.7 lb $3,860
Citation Longitude $27.0M 8-12 73.2 ft 68.9 ft 25.2 ft 6.4 ft 2 HTF7700 15200 lb 39,500 lb 3500 nmi 454 kn 3.65 lb
Falcon 2000S/EX $30.0M 10-19 66.3 ft 70.2 ft 26.2 ft 7.7 ft 2 PW300 14000 lb 41,000 lb 3540 nmi 430 kn 3.6 lb $3,150
Challenger 650 $32.4M 12-19 68.4 ft 64.3 ft 25.6 ft 7.9 ft 2 CF34 18440 lb 48200 lb 4011 nmi 419 kn 4.48 lb $3,385
Falcon 2000LXS/EX $35.1M 8-19 66.3 ft 70.2 ft 26.2 ft 7.7 ft 2 PW300 14000 lb 42800 lb 4065 nmi 430 kn 3.64 lb $3,090
Falcon 900LX/EX $44.8M 12-19 66.3 ft 70.2 ft 33.2 ft 7.7 ft 3 TFE731 15000 lb 49000 lb 4650 nmi 420 kn 4.07 lb $3,588
Gulfstream 500 $45.5M 13-19 91.2 ft 86.3 ft 41.5 ft 7.6 ft 2 PW814 30288 lb 79,600 lb 5292 nmi 480 kn 5.18 lb
Over 750 Global Express have been made

At 102 in (259 cm), the G650ER has the widest cabin yet but should be joined by the Falcon 5X (a Global 5000/G500 competitor) and its replacement, and the 4,500 nmi (8,300 km) Citation Hemisphere in 2021; at 98 in (249 cm), the Global 7000/8000 is wider than the 95 in (241 cm) Global 5000/6000, the same as the Gulfstream G500/G600 and the Canadair Challenger, while the Dassault Falcon 8X is 92 in (234 cm) wide and the G450/G550 88 in (224 cm).[3]

Including long range jets:

They typically accommodate 13-19 passengers over a 6419 nmi average range, with a $60.1M mean price.

Long Range Jets, 8 pax mission[41]
Model Price Pax Length Span int. L int. W Engines Thrust MTOW Range Cruise Fuel/nmi var./hour[33]
Global 5000 $50.4M 13-19 96.8 ft 94.0 ft 40.7 ft 7.9 ft 2 BR700 29500 lb 92,500 lb 5475 nmi[a] 463 kn 6.52 lb $5,094
Falcon 7X $53.8M 12-19 76.1 ft 86.0 ft 39.1 ft 7.7 ft 3 PW300 19206 lb 70,000 lb 5,760 nmi[a] 454 kn 5.13 lb $3,850
Gulfstream G600 $57.9M 16-19 96.1 ft 94.1 ft 45.2 ft 7.6 ft 2 PW815 31360 lb 94,600 lb 6518 nmi 481 kn 5.97 lb
Dassault Falcon 8X $59.3M 12-19 80.3 ft 86.3 ft 42.7 ft 7.7 ft 3 PW300 20166 lb 73,000 lb 6,235 nmi 453 kn 5.17 lb $3,804
Gulfstream G550 $61.5M 16-19 96.4 ft 93.5 ft 42.6 ft 7.3 ft 2 BR700 30770 lb 91,000 lb 6,708 nmi 453 kn 5.7 lb $4,731
Global 6000 $62.3M 13-19 99.4 ft 94.0 ft 43.3 ft 7.9 ft 2 BR700 29500 lb 99,500 lb 6124 nmi 464 kn 6.77 lb $5,150
Gulfstream G650 $68.2M 16-19 99.8 ft 99.6 ft 46.8 ft 8.5 ft 2 BR700 33800 lb 99,600 lb 6,912 nmi 481 kn 5.91 lb $4,843
Gulfstream G650ER $68.7M 16-19 99.8 ft 99.6 ft 46.8 ft 8.5 ft 2 BR700 33800 lb 103,600 lb 7636 nmi 482 kn 5.92 lb $4,848

VIP airliners

Boeing Business Jets are the most widespread bizliners.

Business airliner can be contracted as bizliner.[43] Airliners converted into business jets are used by sports teams or VIPs with a large entourage or press corps. Such airplanes can face operational restrictions based on runway length or local noise restrictions. They can be the most expensive type of private jet as they provide the greatest space and capabilities.

Aircraft of this class include:

VIP Airliners, 8 pax mission[32]
Model Price Pax Length Span int. L int. W Engines Thrust MTOW Range Cruise Fuel/nmi var./hour[33]
Lineage 1000E $53.0M 13-19 118.9 ft 94.2 ft 84.3 ft 8.8 ft 2 CF34 37000 lb 120152 lb 4,602 nmi[a] 446 kn 9.61 lb $5,827
BBJ MAX-7 $88.7M 19-172 116.7 ft 117.8 ft 85.5 ft 11.6 ft 2 CFM LEAP 58600 lb 177,000 lb 7,000 nmi
BBJ MAX-8 $96.3M 19-189 129.7 ft 117.8 ft 98.5 ft 11.6 ft 2 CFM LEAP 58600 lb 181,200 lb 6,640 nmi
ACJ319 $105.0M 19-156 111.0 ft 111.8 ft 78.0 ft 12.2 ft 2 CFM56 54000 lb 168,650 lb 6,002 nmi 442 kn 10.92 lb $6,926
BBJ MAX-9 $105.3M 19-220 138.3 ft 117.8 ft 107.2 ft 11.6 ft 2 CFM LEAP 58600 lb 194,700 lb 6,515 nmi

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c 4 pax

References

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Further reading

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