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Business School (The Office)

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"Business School"
The Office episode
Episode no. Season 3
Episode 17
Directed by Joss Whedon
Written by Brent Forrester
Production code 317
Original air date February 15, 2007
Guest appearance(s)
Episode chronology
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"Phyllis' Wedding"
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The Office (U.S. season 3)
List of The Office (U.S. TV series) episodes

"Business School" is the seventeenth episode of the third season of the US version of The Office, and the show's 45th overall. In the episode, Michael Scott (Steve Carell) is invited by Ryan Howard (B. J. Novak) to speak to his business school class. When many of the students question the usefulness of paper in a computerized world, Michael attempts to inform the class of how essential paper is. Meanwhile, a bat becomes trapped in the office, leading Dwight Schrute (Rainn Wilson) on a mission to protect the employees.

The episode was written by Brent Forrester, and directed by Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Firefly creator Joss Whedon. Whedon became involved with the show due to being a friend of series creator Greg Daniels as well as series co-star Jenna Fischer. Despite Whedon's experience with Buffy the Vampire Slayer, the sub-plot about Dwight coming to believe that Jim Halpert is a vampire was entirely coincidental.

The episode aired on NBC on February 15, 2007 and was seen by an estimated 8.84 million viewers according to Nielsen Media Research. It was positively received by television critics, with several writing positively of Joss Whedon's involvement. Carell's performance was also positively received, and several critics applauded the scene in which Michael says positive things about Pam's art.


Ryan Howard (B. J. Novak) invites Michael Scott (Steve Carell) to speak at his business school class. Michael is excited, but Ryan admits in a talking head interview that he has only invited Michael because his professor promised to bump up the grade of any student who brings his boss into class. During his introduction of Michael, Ryan predicts that Dunder Mifflin will become obsolete within five to ten years. However, Michael could not hear him and proceeds to ruin the event with his antics (including tearing pages out of a student's textbook to prove you "can't learn from textbooks"). One of Ryan's classmates asks for Michael's opinion of Ryan's prediction. Infuriated and hurt, Michael punishes Ryan by relocating his desk to the "annex," where Kelly Kapoor (Mindy Kaling) works. Kelly babbles uncontrollably in excitement at the news.

Meanwhile, Dwight Schrute (Rainn Wilson) discovers a bat in the ceiling. It flies through the office, sending the employees scurrying for cover. Jim Halpert (John Krasinski) and Karen Filippelli (Rashida Jones) exploit Dwight's paranoia, and pretend that Jim was bitten by the bat and is turning into a vampire. Jim calls animal control, but Dwight insists on catching the bat himself even after 5:00 passes and the other employees go home, save Meredith (Kate Flannery) who continues to hide in the breakroom for fear of the bat. Dwight eventually catches the bat with a garbage bag after it lands on Meredith's head.

Pam Beesly (Jenna Fischer), in the meantime, invites her co-workers to her art show after work. At the show, Oscar Martinez (Oscar Nunez) and his partner Gil (Tom Chick) critique her art, with Gil dismissing it as "motel art", not realizing that she is standing right behind them. None of her other co-workers show, leaving her feeling alienated and sad. Roy comes by and compliments her work, but obviously does so as a "boyfriend's gesture" with no sincere appreciation for art. The general attendees show little interest in her drawings, and she begins to doubt her abilities. As she begins to take her work down, Michael arrives, having been delayed by the trip back to the office to move Ryan's things. He expresses sincere awe for her work and asks to buy her drawing of the office building, saying that he is very proud of her. Pam embraces him as her eyes tear up. Michael hangs Pam's drawing on the wall next to his office.


"Business School" was directed by Joss Whedon.

"Business School" was the second Office episode written by Brent Forrester. Forrester had previously written "The Merger". The episode was the first to be directed by Joss Whedon. Whedon, who is a friend of both producer Greg Daniels and Jenna Fischer, and also met most of the production staff prior to the episode, stated that he chose to direct the episode "because I already know the writing staff and a bunch of the cast, and I adore the show."[1] When informed that the episode was about a bat entering into the office and one of the characters pretending to be a vampire, Whedon thought that it was a joke; in reference to Buffy the Vampire Slayer, he quipped to the crew, "Didn't I just leave this party?" In an interview featured on the third season DVD, Whedon joked that the "Business School" episode and his former TV show were very similar because "Buffy ... was sad and depressing but... it was funny. Especially when people died. And a lot of people do die in ['Business School']."[2] But upon completing the episode, Whedon said, "That was just coincidence. But that's how that happened. God, it was fun."[1] Whedon stated that he was surprised with the amount of input he was allowed with the script. "I wouldn't say freedom to do things with it ... But way more input was asked for than I would have ever anticipated."[1] At Pam's art show, the pieces which she was supposed to have painted did not suit Whedon; he explained, "I got to the set and saw Pam's art, and I was like, 'This is not right.'"[1] Whedon said that he held up filming for over an hour until the staff was able create new pieces of art.[1]

For the scenes which involved filming with a bat, the production team used an actual bat, an animated bat, and a mechanical bat. When around the actual bat, Kate Flannery, who portrays Meredith Palmer, stated that "we had to be extremely quiet around [it], basically pretending to scream."[3] California State University, Northridge served as the backdrop for Ryan's business school and the art show; the scenes at the institution were shot in January of 2007.[4]


"Business School" first aired on February 15, 2007 in the United States on NBC. According to Nielsen Media Research, the episode was watched by an estimated 8.84 million viewers. The Office garned a 4.4/11 rating in the 18- to 49-year-old demographic. This means that it was seen by 4.4 percent of all 18- to 49-year-olds, and 11 percent of all 18- to 49-year-olds watching television at the time of the broadcast.[5]

The episode received generally good reviews from critics. Brian Zoromski, of IGN, stated that "'Business School' was an exercise in what works best in an Office episode."[6] Zoromski also praised Joss Whedon's directorial debut for the show, stating that "Whedon's direction and sense of humor was both excellently put to use and alluded to in the scenes in which Jim hilariously pretended to become a vampire."[6] Zoromski went on to say that the acting of John Krasinski and Rashida Jones, who portrays Karen Filippelli, helped to make the vampire scenes the funniest parts of the episode. He gave the episode a 9.1 out of 10.[6] Abby West, of Entertainment Weekly, stated that "This show has always been able to turn on a dime and take the comedy to a soul-stirring dramatic climax with just the lightest of touches, and last night was no different."[7] West went on to praise Michael and Pam's scene at the art show as one of these moments.[7]

In a retrospective review of the show's third season, Erik Adams of The A.V. Club awarded the episode an "A". Adams highlighted Carell's acting, writing, "On this rewatch, I found myself slack-jawed at how deep Carell gets into Michael's 'saying something without saying anything' style."[8] Adams also applauded the way that Carell's character brings honesty to the final scene in which Michael praises Pam's art and offers to buy it for the office, writing, "The boss should keep his mouth shut more often, but every once in a while, that constant stream of bad jokes, misattributed information, and banalities produces a warm and uplifting sentiment."[8] Finally, Adams compared "Business School" with previous television episodes that Joss Whedon has written, noting that the characters' "triumphs over naysayers and foreboding villains" (e.g. Pam receiving harsh criticism about her art only to be vindicated in the end, Michael being humiliated in Ryan's business class but ultimately affirming his strength as an effective salesman) was akin to how Whedon often wrote his heroes triumphing over seasonal "Big Bads".[8]


  1. ^ a b c d e Robinson, Tasha (August 8, 2007). "Interview with Joss Whedon". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved June 24, 2008.
  2. ^ Whedon, Joss (2007). Audio commentary for "Business School" (DVD). The Office: Season Three Disc 3: Universal Studios Home Entertainment.
  3. ^ Flannery, Kate (February 22, 2007). "More on Kate and the bat". OfficeTally. Retrieved June 24, 2008.
  4. ^ "Filming at Cal State, Northridge". California State University Northridge. 2007. Archived from the original on January 13, 2008.
  5. ^ "Nielsen Primetime Ratings Report". Variety. Penske Business Media. February 22, 2007. Retrieved July 22, 2012. (subscription required)
  6. ^ a b c Zoromski, Brian (February 16, 2007). "The Office: 'Business School' Review". IGN. Retrieved June 24, 2008.
  7. ^ a b West, Abby (February 16, 2007). "Gone Batty". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on February 18, 2007.
  8. ^ a b c Adams, Erik (June 3, 2014). "The Office (Classic): 'Phyllis's Wedding'/'Business School'". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Retrieved December 4, 2017.

External links

  • "Business School" at
  • "Business School" on IMDb
  • "Business School" at

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