1965 Burundian legislative election

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Parliamentary elections were held in Burundi on 10 May 1965, the first since independence in 1962. Voters elected the National Assembly, which had been reduced from 64 to 33 seats.[1] They followed the assassination of Prime Minister Pierre Ngendandumwe on 15 January 1965, and were won by the ruling Union for National Progress.


National Assembly

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Union for National Progress 21 –37
Party of the People 10 +6
Independents 2 New
Other parties 0 0
Total 33 –31
Source: EISA


Following the National Assembly elections, the 16-member Senate was filled. Eight members of the Senate were elected by the members of the National Assembly, all of which were UPRONA members. The eight Senate members elected a further four members, with a further four appointed by the King.[2]


Despite the decisive victory by Hutu candidates in the election, King Mwambutsa IV appointed a Tutsi prince, Léopold Biha, as Prime Minister.

Tensions finally erupted into violence following an attempted coup by Hutu army officers in October 1965. The failed coup was followed by a major purge of Hutus in the armed forces. Hutu politicians and civilians were also killed. The following year Mwambutsa was otherthrown by his son, Ntare V, who was deposed in a military coup later in the year, ending the country's monarchy.


  1. ^ Elections in Burundi African Elections Database
  2. ^ Indirect Legislative Elections in Sub-Saharan Africa: Burundi African Elections Database
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