Buru language (Nigeria)

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Native to Nigeria
Region Sardauna LGA, Taraba State
Native speakers
(undated figure of 1,000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bqw
Glottolog buru1299[2]

Buru is a Southern Bantoid language of uncertain classification spoken in a single village in Nigeria. It is spoken in Sardauna LGA, Taraba State, in a village near Batu (east of Baissa).[3]

The only data on Buru is a wordlist collected by Robert Koops in the 1970s.[4] The only published discussion of the classification of Buru is Piron (1998),[4] which treats it as Tivoid, although apart from sharing some lexical items with Northwest Tivoid probably due to proximity, there is little evidence to classify it. It is treated as an isolate within Bantoid by Blench (2016).[5]


  1. ^ Buru at Ethnologue (15th ed., 2005)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Buru (Nigeria)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Blench, Roger (2019). An Atlas of Nigerian Languages (4th ed.). Cambridge: Kay Williamson Educational Foundation.
  4. ^ a b Roger Blench (7–9 April 2011). "The membership and internal structure of Bantoid and the border with Bantu" (PDF). p. 20.
  5. ^ Roger Blench (15 September 2016). "The Tivoid languages: overview and comparative wordlist" (PDF). p. 14.

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