Burnage

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Burnage
Burnage.png
A view over Burnage, towards Manchester city centre from Mauldeth Road railway station.
Burnage is located in Greater Manchester
Burnage
Burnage
Burnage shown within Greater Manchester
Population 15,227 (2011)
OS grid reference SJ865925
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MANCHESTER
Postcode district M19
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester
53°25′33″N 2°12′39″W / 53.4258°N 2.2108°W / 53.4258; -2.2108Coordinates: 53°25′33″N 2°12′39″W / 53.4258°N 2.2108°W / 53.4258; -2.2108

Burnage is a suburb of the city of Manchester in North West England, about 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Manchester city centre and bisected by the dual carriageway of Kingsway. The population of the Burnage Ward at the 2011 census was 15,227.[1] It lies between Withington to the west, Levenshulme to the north, Heaton Chapel to the east and Didsbury and Heaton Mersey to the south.

History

Toponymy

The name Burnage is thought to have stemmed from "Brown Hedge", from the old brown stone walls or "hedges" which were common there in medieval times. In a survey of 1320, the district is referred to as "Bronadge".[2]

Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, Burnage was an area of common pasture and marsh land. Burnage did not have its own manor but the land was shared between the farmers from the Manors of Withington and Heaton Norris as it was a border district between two neighbouring lordships. A survey of 1320 records 356 acres of common pasture land under the Manor of Heaton.[3]

As the population began to expand, the land was reclaimed for arable land. In a survey of 1322, the Lord of Manchester was permitted to appropriate more land for arable use, provided he left enough common pasture land for the commoners to graze their animals.[2] Named arable farmers of this time included Thomas Grelley, Sir John de Byron, Sir John de Longford and Dame Joan de Longford, who farmed 136 acres of land subject to the Lord of Manchester. There are records of a sale of land, which refer to "that moiety of the place called Burnage lying next to Heaton", when John La Warre and his wife Joan granted 100 acres of moor and pasture in Heaton and Withington to a Thomas de Trafford.[3]

The Withington land belonging to the de Longford family later passed to the Mosley family and subsequently to the Egerton family.[3] Because the Mosleys were former Lords of the Manor of Withington, the Mosley family's heraldic crest was used as the crest of Withington. A carved Mosley crest can still be seen above the door of the old Withington Town Hall (1881) on Lapwing Lane in West Didsbury. In recognition of the connection with the Withington Manor, the Mosley crest was also adopted in the 20th century as the badge of Burnage High School.[2]

17th—19th centuries

By 1655, Burnage had become a township.

The Egerton family were major landowners in Burnage; in 1798, the politician William Egerton was recorded as the largest contributor to the land tax, paying over a third, and by 1844, William's eldest son and heir Wilbraham Egerton owned about half of the land in Burnage.

In 1894, the Irish writer George Bernard Shaw described Burnage as the prettiest village in Manchester.[4] Burnage had an established cottage industry in hand weaving. Many of the original weavers' cottages survive today.

20th century

A tram running along Kingsway, c.1930
An example of council housing on Elmhurst Drive, Burnage

1906 saw plans to build a "garden suburb" in the district. Burnage Garden Village[5] was created by building many new semi-detached houses as well as open recreational spaces, including lawns, gardens, a bowling green, tennis courts, allotments and a children's playground.

Hans Renold established an engineering works at Burnage from 1906 to manufacture roller chain. The factory closed during the late 1980s. The site lay abandoned for several years, but now has been developed and a Tesco supermarket and a development of flats and retail units sit on the site.

Construction of Kingsway (the A34) began in 1928. It was named after King George V and was originally numbered A5079. Like Princess Road further to the west, Kingsway was laid out as a dual carriageway for motor vehicles with a segregated tram track along the central reservation which allowed Manchester Corporation Tramways to run trams into Manchester City Centre.[6][7]

A large housing estate was built by Manchester City Council along the Kingsway route, mostly characterised by brick semi-detached houses laid out in avenues and octagons. Today, only parts of Burnage Lane still survive as original weavers' cottages.[8] A cinema, the Lido, was built in the 1920s on Kingsway. This was renamed the Odeon in the 1940s and then became the Classic in the 1960s, before finally becoming the Concorde cinema in the 1970s which then also included a bingo hall in the premises. The cinema closed in the early 1990s, and has since been demolished and a supermarket built on the site.[9]

Mauldeth Hall in Green End was the dwelling of the Bishop of Manchester for more than 20 years, before his move to Higher Broughton.

Aviation

On 28 April 1910, French pilot Louis Paulhan landed his Farman biplane in Barcicroft Fields, Pytha Fold Farm, on the borders of Withington, Burnage and Didsbury. This completed the first ever powered flight from London to Manchester, with a short overnight stop at Lichfield, (195 miles/298 km), and he won a £10,000 prize offered by the Daily Mail, beating the British contender, Claude Grahame-White.[10] Two special trains were chartered to Burnage railway station to take spectators to the landing, with other spectators waiting through the previous night. Paulhan was followed throughout by a train carrying his wife, Henri Farman and his supporting mechanics. Today, a blue plaque recording Paulhan's achievement is displayed on a house in Paulhan Road, which forms part of the site where he landed.

Babies' Hospital
The Duchess of York Hospital for Babies in 1953

In 1919 the Manchester Babies Hospital moved to Cringle Hall in Burnage having previously been in Levenshulme and Chorlton-on-Medlock. It then had 50 beds; the number of patients increased from 82 in the first year to 430 in 1929. After the building of a new pavilion on the open-air principle with glass wards specially designed for the treatment of rickets in 1925 the number of cots rose to 80. In 1935 a new hospital wing with much improved surgical facilities was opened by the Duchess of York in June 1935. The name of the hospital was changed to the Duchess of York Hospital for Babies. Until the creation of the National health Service in 1948 the hospital was supported by the Corporation of Manchester and by voluntary contributions. It closed in 1986 and a new Duchess of York ward was then opened in Withington Hospital.[11][12]

Present day

Burnage is a mainly residential area, mostly semi-detached houses built in the 1930s and 1940s.

Geography

Burnage is a suburb of South Manchester, approximately 4.2 miles (6.8 km) from Manchester City Centre

Governance

Civic history

Burnage was a township in the ancient parish of Manchester in the Salford Hundred of Lancashire (historic boundaries). In the early 13th century it lay within the Manor of Withington, a feudal estate which also encompassed the townships of Withington, Didsbury, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Moss Side, Rusholme, Denton and Haughton, ruled by the Hathersage, Longford, Mosley and Tatton families. Burnage remained under the manor of Withington for several centuries.[13]

Burnage was in Chorlton Poor Law Union (together with most of south Manchester but named after Chorlton-on-Medlock) from 1837 to 1915, and in Manchester Poor Law Union from 1915 to 1930. In 1876 it was included in the area of Withington Local Board of Health. Under the Divided Parishes Act 1882 there was an exchange of areas with Withington township and part of Didsbury township was added to Burnage township. In 1894 it became part of Withington Urban District in the administrative county of Lancashire.[14]

In 1904 it became part of the City of Manchester, which later in 1974 became a metropolitan borough within the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester.

Political representation

The current city councillors for the ward are Azra Ali (Labour), Ben Clay (Labour) and Bev Craig (Labour).[15]

Burnage is one of seven Manchester City Council wards in the parliamentary constituency of Manchester Withington, currently represented by Jeff Smith MP (Labour).[16]

Public services

Schools

Burnage Academy on Burnage Lane

Burnage is home to three primary schools and one secondary. Acacias Primary, Green End Primary and St Bernard's RC Primary cater for younger students. Burnage Academy for Boys (previously named Burnage High School) is a former grammar school and Media Arts College which converted to an academy in 2014. Green End Primary was rebuilt in 2006[17][18] and converted to academy status in 2013.

Police

Burnage is covered by the South Manchester division of Greater Manchester Police.

Transport

Burnage railway station

Burnage is served by two railway stations: Burnage railway station, which is located on Fog Lane, and Mauldeth Road, which is to the north of the area and also serves Ladybarn. Both stations are on the Styal Line, a suburban railway line that provides local services between Manchester Piccadilly and Crewe, with peak-hour trains to Manchester Airport. Journey time from Burnage to Piccadilly is approximately 12 minutes. Interchange with the Manchester Metrolink tram system is available one stop south at East Didsbury (which is close to with East Didsbury tram stop).

Bus services 44, 45 and 50 run along Parrs Wood Road and Kingsway between Parrs Wood and Manchester Piccadilly bus station or Salford Quays.

Burnage is close to junction 5 of Manchester's ring road, the M60 motorway. Manchester Airport, the busiest airport in the UK outside London,[19] is about 5 miles (8.0 km) to the south.

Notable people

The writer Frances Hodgson Burnett, who wrote Little Lord Fauntleroy, spent most of her early childhood in Burnage. Actors David Threlfall and Max Beesley are from Burnage, actor John Thaw and BAFTA award winning film director Colin O'Toole also lived in the area. Islamic scholar Martin Lings (Shaykh Abu Bakr Siraj al-Din)

The district is notable for being the childhood home of Liam and Noel Gallagher, of the British rock band Oasis, who attended St. Bernard's RC Primary School on Burnage Lane and St Mark's RC High School (now The Barlow Roman Catholic High School) on Parrs Wood Road.[20] Lead singer and bassist of 60s and 70s pop band the Fortunes, Eddie Mooney has lived in Burnage for many years.

Alumni of Burnage High School (including the old Burnage Grammar School) include Roger Byrne, captain of the Manchester United "Busby Babes" and England international who was one of the victims of the 1958 Munich air disaster; Norman Foster, Baron Foster of Thames Bank, noted international architect; Wes Brown, current Kerala Blasters FC[21] and England player; Ian Wilson, guitarist and member of 70s rock band Sad Cafe. Dave Rowbotham, former guitarist of local post-punk groups Durutti Column, The Invisible Girls and The Mothmen, lived there in a flat, where, in November 1991, his dead body was found, after being killed by an axe murderer.[22]

See also

References

  1. ^ "City of Manchester ward population 2011". Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Sussex & Helm (1988). Looking Back at Withington and Didsbury. Willow. p. 45. ISBN 0-946361-25-8.
  3. ^ a b c "Townships: Burnage". A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4. London: Victoria County History/British History Online. 1911. pp. 310–311. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Looking back at Levenshulme and Burnage" Willow Publishing 1987 ISBN 0-946361-22-3, page 8.
  5. ^ Harrison, Michael (1976). "Burnage Garden Village: An Ideal for Life in Manchester". The Town Planning Review. 47 (3): 256–268. JSTOR 40103197.
  6. ^ Stratton, Michael; Trinder, Barrie (2014). Twentieth Century Industrial Archaeology. Taylor & Francis. p. 126. ISBN 9781136748011. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  7. ^ Rowley, Trevor (2006). The English landscape in the twentieth century. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 20. ISBN 1-85285-388-3. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  8. ^ Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Pevsner, Nikolaus. Lancashire: Manchester and the South-East. Yale University Press. p. 411. ISBN 0300105835. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  9. ^ Cinema Treasures (Burnage Concorde)
  10. ^ "London to Manchester". www.thosemagnificentmen.co.uk. Archived from the original on 20 September 2006. Retrieved 26 December 2006.
  11. ^ Mohr, Peter D. "Dr Catherine Chisholm (1879–1952)", in: Manchester Memoirs; vol. 140 (2001–02), pp. 21–30
  12. ^ The Book of Manchester and Salford. Manchester: George Falkner & Sons, 1929; pp. 135–36
  13. ^ Sussex & Helm (1988). Looking Back at Withington and Didsbury. Altrincham: Willow. p. 45. ISBN 0-946361-25-8.
  14. ^ "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - B. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 20 February 2007.
  15. ^ "Councillors by ward (Burnage)". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council.
  16. ^ "Jeff Smith MP". parliament.uk. UK Parliament. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
  17. ^ Ward, David (27 February 2007). "Light fantastic". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-08-26.
  18. ^ "School of the future passes the green test". Yorkshire Post. 24 August 2006. Retrieved 2009-08-26.
  19. ^ Wilson, James (26 April 2007). "A busy hub of connectivity". Financial Times – FT report – doing business in Manchester and the NorthWest. The Financial Times Limited.
  20. ^ Hewitt, Paolo (2015). Getting High: The Adventures of Oasis. Dean Street Press. ISBN 9781910570043. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  21. ^ "Squad". keralablastersfc.in. Retrieved 2018-01-05.
  22. ^ Larkin, Colin. The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music. pg. 1274. Guinness Pub., 1995. ISBN 1-56159-176-9, ISBN 978-1-56159-176-3. On 8 November 1991, former Durutti guitarist Dave Rowbotham was discovered dead at his Manchester home killed by a lathe hammer. A murder hunt followed.

External links

  • "Districts & Suburbs of Manchester - 6: Burnage". Manchester 2002 - Virtual Encyclopaedia of Greater Manchester. Papillon Graphics. Archived from the original on 2 April 2003. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  • "Spotlight on Burnage". ManchesterOnline. GMG. 1 September 2004. Archived from the original on 13 January 2008. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  • British History Online: Burnage
  • Burnage High School
  • The Barlow School
  • 2001 Census results for Burnage
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