Burmese general election, 1951–52

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Burmese general election, 1951–52

← 1947 June 1951 – April 1952 1956 →

All 250 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
126 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 18.75%
  First party Second party
  U Nu portrait.jpg No image.svg
Leader U Nu
Party AFPFL PDF
Seats won 147 19
Seat change Increase26 New

Prime Minister before election

U Nu
AFPFL

Prime Minister-elect

U Nu
AFPFL

State seal of Myanmar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Myanmar

General elections were held in Burma over several months between June 1951 and April 1952 due to internal conflict within the country.[1][2]

The first elections since independence, they saw the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League (AFPFL) win 60% of the vote and 199 out of 250 seats. Voter turnout was low at 20%, as only 1.5 million voters out of an eligible 8 million participated.[3] It was the lowest turnout for a Burmese election since the 1920s boycotts in colonial Burma.[1]

Results

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League and allies[a] 199 +26
People's Democratic Front[b] 19 New
Independent Arakanese Parliamentary Group 6 New
Greater Burma Party 0 New
People's Peace Front 0 New
Union of Burma League 0 New
United Chin Freedom League 0 New
Independents 15 Increase13
Vacant 11
Invalid/blank votes
Total 1,500,000 100 250 Increase40
Registered voters/turnout 8,000,000 18.75
Source: Nohlen et al.

a AFPFL allies included the Burma Socialist Party, the All-Burma Peasants Organisation, the Burma Muslim Congress, the Kachin National Congress (7 seats), the Union Karen League (13), the Chin Hills Congress, the United Hill People's Congress, the All-Burma Women's Freedom League and the All-Burma Federation of Trade Organisations, the Arakanese Muslim Association (3).[4][5]

b The People's Democratic Front was an alliance of the Burma Workers and Peasants Party (12 seats), the Patriotic Alliance and the Burma Democratic Party.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b Taylor, Robert H. (1996). The Politics of elections in Southeast Asia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 173. ISBN 978-0-521-56443-4. 
  2. ^ Hoffmann, Mark S (1954). World almanac and book of facts, Volume 69. Newspaper Enterprise Association. p. 338. 
  3. ^ Rotberg, Robert I (1998). Burma: prospects for a democratic future. Brookings Institution Press. p. 43. ISBN 978-0-8157-7581-2. 
  4. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p614 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  5. ^ a b Haruhiro Fukui (1985) Political parties of Asia and the Pacific, Greenwood Press, pp106–154
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