Budge Budge I

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Budge Budge I
Community Development Block
Budge Budge I is located in West Bengal
Budge Budge I
Budge Budge I
Location in West Bengal, India
Budge Budge I is located in India
Budge Budge I
Budge Budge I
Budge Budge I (India)
Coordinates: 22°27′54″N 88°10′06″E / 22.4650°N 88.1682°E / 22.4650; 88.1682
Country  India
State West Bengal
District South 24 Parganas
Subdivision Alipore Sadar
Area
 • Total 26.56 km2 (10.25 sq mi)
Elevation
9 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total 112,908
 • Density 4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, Hindi, English
Time zone UTC+5.30 (IST)
PIN
700137
Telephone code +91 33
Vehicle registration WB-01 to WB-10, WB-19 to WB-22, WB-95 to WB-99
Lok Sabha constituency Diamond Harbour
Vidhan Sabha constituency Budge Budge
Website www.s24pgs.gov.in

Budge Budge I is a Community Development Block that forms an administrative division in Alipore Sadar subdivision of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal.

History

Tebhaga Movement

During the Bengal Famine of 1943 the Communist Party of India provided relief to the peasantry of the Sundarbans area. In September 1946 Bangiya Pradeshik Kisan Sabha decided to launch the Tebhaga Movement. The peasant movement broke out in Kakdwip, Sonarpur, Bhangar and Canning. Kakdwip and Namkhana were the storm centres of the movement. The movement aimed at improving the share of the peasant engaged as sharecroppers. The prominent leaders of the movement were: Kansari Halder, Ashoke Bose and Rash Behari Ghosh. Peasant leaders like Gajen Malik, Manik Hazra, Jatin Maity, Bijoy Mondal and others rose to prominence. The movement continued till 1950, when the Bargadari Act was enacted. The Act recognised the right of the sharecropper to two-thirds of the produce when he provided the inputs.[1]

Land Reforms

During 1946-1950 the Tebhaga Movement in several parts of the 24 Parganas district led to the enactment of the Bargadari Act. Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of Bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. In 1967, West Bengal witnessed peasant uprising against non-implementation of land reforms legislation, starting from Kheadaha gram panchayat in Sonarpur CD Block. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal under the Left Front government. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants. Subsequently, “Operation Barga” was aimed at securing tenancy rights for the peasants. In Budge Budge I CD Block 231.18 acres of land was acquired and vested. Out of this 15.06 acres or 6.5% of the vested land was distributed. The total number of patta holders was 83.[2]

Geography

Location

Budge Budge I CD Block is located at 22°27′54″N 88°10′06″E / 22.4650°N 88.1682°E / 22.4650; 88.1682. It has an average elevation of 9 metres (30 ft).

Budge Budge I CD Block is bounded by Sankrail CD Block in Howrah district, across the Hooghly, in the north, Thakurpukur Maheshtala CD Block in the east, Budge Budge II CD Block in the south, Sankrail and Uluberia I CD Blocks in Howrah district, across the Hooghly, in the west.

It is located 18 kilometres (11 mi) from Alipore, the district headquarters.

Area & Administration

Budge Budge I CD Block has an area of 26.56 square kilometres (10.25 sq mi). Budge Budge police station serves this CD Block. Budge Budge I panchayat samity has six gram panchayats. The CD Block has 16 inhabited villages.[3] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Purba Nischintapur.

Gram Panchayats

Gram Panchayats of Budge Budge I CD Block/Panchayat Samiti are Buita, Chingripota, Mayapur, Nischintapur, Rajibpur and Uttar Raypur.[4]

Topography

South 24 Parganas district is divided into two distinct physiographic zones: the marine-riverine delta in the north and the marine delta zone in the south. As the sea receded southwards, in the sub-recent Geological Period, a large low-lying plain got exposed. Both Tidal inflows and the rivers have deposited sediments in this plain. The periodical collapse of both the natural Levees and man-made embankments speed up the process of filling up depressions containing Brackish Water wetlands. The marine delta in the south is formed of interlacing tidal channels. As non-saline water for irrigation is scarce, agriculture is Monsoon-dominated. Some parts of the wetlands are still preserved for raising fish.[5]

Demographics

Population

As per 2011 Census of India, Budge Budge I CD Block had a total population of 112,908, of which 29,573 were rural and 83,335 were urban. There were 57,662 (51%) males and 55,246 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 12,633. Scheduled Castes numbered 21,983 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 170.[6]

As per 2001 Census of India, Budge Budge I CD Block had a total population of 99,874, out of which 98,027 were males and 92,589 were females. Budge Budge I CD Block registered a population growth of -16.38% during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for South 24 Parganas district was 20.89%. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84%. Scheduled Castes at 23,829 formed around one-fourth the population. Scheduled Tribes numbered 660.[3][7][8]

Census Towns & Large Villages

Census Towns in Budge Budge I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets) are Uttar Raypur (23,084), Balarampur (5,251), Buita (16,764), Benjanhari Acharial (P) (5,187), Abhirampur (4,618), Nischintapur (6,353) and Birlapur (22,078).[6]

There was only one large village in Budge Budge I CD Block with a population of over 4,000 (2011 population figure in brackets): Jamalpur (4,857).[6]

Literacy

As per 2011 Census of India, the total number of literates in Budge Budge I CD Block was 80,787 (80.57% of the population over 6 years) out of which 43,572 (54%) were males and 37,215 (46%) were females.[6]

As per 2011 Census of India, literacy in South 24 Parganas district was 77.51%.[9] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[10] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[10]

As per 2001 Census of India, Budge Budge I CD Block had a total literacy of 73.98% for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 81.36% female literacy was 64.82%. South 24 Parganas district had a total literacy of 69.45%, male literacy being 79.19% and female literacy being 59.01%.[3]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language

Bengali is the local language in this CD Block.

Religion

Religion in Budge Budge I CD Block
Hindu
52.41%
Muslim
47.39%
Others
0.20%

In the 2011 Census of India, Hindus numbered 59,174 and formed 52.41% of the population in Budge Budge I CD Block. Muslims numbered 53,508 and formed 47.39% of the population. Others numbered 226 and formed 0.20% of the population.[11]

In the 2011 Census of India, Hindus numbered 5,155,545 and formed 63.17% of the population in South 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,903,075 and formed 35.57% of the population.[11] In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[11]

Human Development Report

According to the South 24 Parganas district Human Development Report, it is an overwhelmingly rural district with 85% of the population living in rural areas. Although South 24 Parganas is a predominantly rural district, there is a strong industrial presence in the east bank of the Hooghly covering Maheshtala, Budge Budge and Falta. An analysis of the district’s population shows that 33% of the district’s population belongs to Scheduled Castes. While 65.86% of people are Hindus, 33.24% are Muslims. 86% of the population resided in the 29 CD Blocks. In 2005, more than 4 lakh households were identified as living below the poverty line, pushing the poverty ratio in the district to 34.11%, far above the state and national poverty ratios.[12]

Budge Budge I CD Block has a poverty ratio of only 14.78% of the households in 2005. It has the second highest standard of living amongst all the 29 CD Blocks. In infrastructure development it had the highest rank amongst all CD Blocks. In Budge Budge I CD Block, 55.16% households have access to electricity. The length of surfaced roads is 10.64 km per km2 area. The number of bank branches is 1 per 10,000 population. In Budge Budge I CD Block, 43.12% of rural households are engaged as daily/ agricultural/ other physical labour, 7.16% are cultivators, 11.15% are self-employed rural artisans/ hawkers, 15.09% are engaged in labour oriented regular jobs in the unorganised sector, and 23.49% are engaged in the organised sector or work as professionals.[12]

As per 1991 Census of India, while male literacy rate was 68.58% female literacy was 47.80% and there was a gender gap of 21.28% in Budge Budge I CD Block. The CD Blocks are gradually catching up the municipalities in matters of literacy. In 2006, Budge Budge I CD Block had 13 secondary and higher secondary schools. All schools had libraries but eight of them did not have computer facilities.[12]

In 2006, in Budge Budge I CD Block for 40 villages there were 14 health sub-centres and three rural hospital/public health centres having 36 beds, with six medical officers, four nurses, 16 health assistants and six pharmacists and technicians. 59.8% of the 102 habitations in Budge Budge I CD Block had access to safe drinking water (including tube wells and tap water), and 40.2% habitations were partly covered.[12]


References

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
  2. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
  3. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook – 2009 – South 24 Parganas" (PDF). South 24 Parganas at a glance, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4 (b), 4.5. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  4. ^ "Blocks and Gram Panchayats in South 24 Parganas". South 24 Parganas District Administration. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  5. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Chapter 1 South 24 Parganas: An Overview, p 9-12. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – South 24 Parganas. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 20 January 2011.
  9. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  10. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  11. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  12. ^ a b c d "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Intro: pp 16-19, 42 Block specific: pp 39-40, 73, 99, 132, 146, 192, 221. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
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