Bruce by-election, 1920

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Bruce by-election, 1920

← 1919 general 14 April 1920 1922 general →
Turnout 4,532

  No image.png No image.png
Candidate John Edie James Begg
Party Liberal Reform
Popular vote 2,331 2,201

MP before election

James Allen

Elected MP

John Edie

The Bruce by-election of 1920 was a by-election held on 14 April 1920 during the 20th New Zealand Parliament in the rural lower South Island electorate of the Bruce.


The contest was triggered due to the resignation from Parliament of James Allen, who took up the position of New Zealand's High Commissioner to the United Kingdom.[1] The Liberal Party's chosen candidate was John Edie. He had contested the Bruce electorate in the 1919 election against James Allen and was beaten by the mere margin of 126 votes (only 2.15%).[2]


The following table gives the election results:

Bruce by-election, 1920[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Edie 2,331 51.44
Reform James Begg 2,201 48.56
Majority 130 2.86
Turnout 4,532

The Bruce electorate was abolished for the 1922 general election. Edie won the Clutha electorate, holding it until 1925.[4]


  1. ^ McGibbon, Ian. "Allen, James". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  2. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1920. Archived from the original on 1 September 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  3. ^ "Bruce By-election". Manawatu Times. XLIII (1541). 15 April 1920. p. 5. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 194, 242.


  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
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