Brown-headed spider monkey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Brown-headed spider monkey[1]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Atelidae
Genus: Ateles
Species: A. fusciceps
Subspecies: A. f. fusciceps
Trinomial name
Ateles fusciceps fusciceps
(Gray, 1866)

The brown-headed spider monkey (Ateles fusciceps fusciceps), is a critically endangered subspecies of the black-headed spider monkey, a type of New World monkey,[1] found in northwestern Ecuador.[2][3]

Its type locality is at 1500 m in the Hacienda Chinipamba, Imbabura Province in North-West Ecuador.[1] It inhabits areas west of the Andes Mountains.[4] Some authorities, such as Froelich (1991), Collins and Dubach (2001) and Nieves (2005), do not recognize the black-headed spider monkey as a distinct species and so treat the brown-headed spider monkey as a subspecies of Geoffroy's spider monkey.[5]

The brown-headed spider monkey lives in tropical and subtropical humid forests that are between 100 and 1,700 metres (330 and 5,580 ft) above sea level. It lives in population densities of 1.2 monkeys per square kilometer.[2] It has a black or brown body and a brown head, while the Colombian spider monkey (A. f. rufiventris) is entirely black with some white on its chin.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ a b c d Cuarón, A.D.; Morales, A.; Shedden, A.; Rodriguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Ateles fusciceps ssp. fusciceps". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  3. ^ Rylands, A.; Groves, C.; Mittermeier, R.; Cortes-Ortiz, L.; and Hines, J. (2006). "Taxonomy and Distributions of Mesoamerican Primates". New Perspectives in the Study of Mesoamerican Primates. pp. 56–66. ISBN 0-387-25854-X. 
  4. ^ de la Torre, Stella (2014). Primate Tourism: A Tool for Conservation?. p. 245. Retrieved 28 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Collins, A. (2008). "The taxonomic status of spider monkeys in the twenty-first century". In Campbell, C. Spider Monkeys. Cambridge University Press. pp. 50–67. ISBN 978-0-521-86750-4. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brown-headed_spider_monkey&oldid=825590862"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown-headed_spider_monkey
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Brown-headed spider monkey"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA