Brotogeris

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Brotogeris
Plain Parakeet (Brotogeris tirica)4.jpg
Plain parakeet
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Tribe: Arini
Genus: Brotogeris
Vigors, 1825
Species

see text

Brotogeris is a genus of small parrots endemic to Central and South America. The closest relative is the monk parakeet.[1][2][3][4] They eat seeds and fruit.[5]

Taxonomy

List of species of the genus:

Phylogeny

The species of the genus Brotogeris form a monophyletic group[4] whose closest relative is the monk parakeet.[1][2][3][4] The species are positioned in two separate clades.

 
 
 

Brotogeris tirica


 
 
 

Brotogeris versicolurus


 

Brotogeris chiriri



 

Brotogeris sanctithomae




 
 
 

Brotogeris pyrrhoptera


 

Brotogeris jugularis



 
 

Brotogeris cyanoptera


 

Brotogeris chrysoptera





 

Myiopsitta


Species photographs

References

  1. ^ a b Tavares, E.S.; Baker, A.J.; Pereira, S.L.; Miyaki, C.Y. (2006). "Phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of Neotropical parrots (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae: Arini) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences". Systematic Biology. 55 (3): 454–470. PMID 16861209. doi:10.1080/10635150600697390. 
  2. ^ a b Ribas, C.C.; Moyle, R.G.; Miyaki, C.Y.; Cracraft, J. (2007a). "The assembly of montane biotas: linking Andean tectonics and climatic oscillations to independent regimes of diversification in Pionus parrots". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 274 (1624): 2399–2408. PMC 2274971Freely accessible. PMID 17686731. doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.0613. 
  3. ^ a b Wright, T.F.; Schirtzinger E. E.; Matsumoto T.; Eberhard J. R.; Graves G. R.; Sanchez J. J.; Capelli S.; Muller H.; Scharpegge J.; Chambers G. K.; Fleischer R. C. (2008). "A Multilocus Molecular Phylogeny of the Parrots (Psittaciformes): Support for a Gondwanan Origin during the Cretaceous". Mol Biol Evol. 25 (10): 2141–2156. PMC 2727385Freely accessible. PMID 18653733. doi:10.1093/molbev/msn160. 
  4. ^ a b c Ribas, C. C.; Miyaki, C. Y.; Cracraft, J. (2009). "Phylogenetic relationships, diversification and biogeography in Neotropical Brotogeris parakeets". Journal of Biogeography. 36 (9): 1712–1729. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02131.x. 
  5. ^ a b Alderton, David (2003). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Caged and Aviary Birds. London, England: Hermes House. p. 196. ISBN 1-84309-164-X. 


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