Brockwell Park

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Brockwell Park
Herne Hill skyline.jpg
The skyline from the highest point in Brockwell Park
Location London, SE24
United Kngdom
Coordinates 51°27′03″N 0°06′27″W / 51.45083°N 0.10750°W / 51.45083; -0.10750Coordinates: 51°27′03″N 0°06′27″W / 51.45083°N 0.10750°W / 51.45083; -0.10750
Area 50.8 hectares (126 acres)
Open All year
Public transit access National Rail Herne Hill

Brockwell Park is a 50.8 hectare[1] (125.53 acres) park located south of Brixton, in Herne Hill and Tulse Hill in south London. It is bordered by the roads Brixton Water Lane, Norwood Road, Tulse Hill and Dulwich Road.

The park commands views of the skyline of the city and Central London, and hosts almost 4 million annual visits.[2] At the top of the hill within the park stands Brockwell Hall.

Whilst competing against multiple demands from a broad range of other interests, the entirety of Brockwell Park is a Site of Importance for Nature Conservation (SINC) of Borough Importance (Grade I), with mature trees including ancient oaks, substantial lawn areas set to meadow, and a series of lakes.[3] As well as adding to the landscape value, these support a variety of birds, and bats including Pipistrelles, with frequent visits from rarer species like Daubentons, Noctule, Leisler’s and Serotine bat.[4]

The Park is listed for its heritage value on The National Heritage List for England, Parks & Gardens, Grade II. Noted for its nineteenth century layout as a gracious public park, the clocktower, water garden, JJ Sexby designed walled garden and other monuments, the park provides a pleasant exploration with links to its eighteenth century agricultural past in the hedge lines, and mature oak trees.[5] The model village houses outside the walled garden were originally donated to London County Council by Edgar Wilson in 1943.[6][7]

The Brockwell Lido, a Grade II listed art deco building near the top of the park, is an open-air swimming pool popular with swimmers and bathers.[8] Its attached café/restaurant is also popular. Other amenities in Brockwell Park include tennis courts, a bowling green, a BMX track and a miniature railway.[9]

Brockwell Park is open from 7.30am to 15 minutes before sunset every day.[10]

History

Brockwell Hall

The Grade II* listed Brockwell Hall[11] was built between 1811-1813 when the area was part of Surrey and was the country seat of glass merchant John Blades Esq. The land and house were acquired by the London County Council (LCC) in March 1891 and opened to the public on 2 June in the following summer, led by the local MP Thomas Lynn Bristowe. At the unveiling, Bristowe died of a heart attack on the steps of the hall.

In 1901, the LCC acquired a further 43 acres (17 ha) of land north of the original park.[12] In the 1920s, there were 13 cricket pitches in the park, which attracted crowds of up to 1,500. Brockwell Park was home to the Galton Institute.

During World War I it is recorded that Brockwell Park grazed a large flock of sheep.[13] During World War II, three sites in the Park were set aside for wartime food production in the form of 'Pig Clubs', built of timber and bricks salvaged from bombed houses. Pig swill for this purpose was collected from local homes.[14]

A bust of Thomas Bristowe was returned to the Park and unveiled on its 120th birthday, 2012.

The park is Grade II listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.[15]

Festivals and Shows

Lambeth Country Show 2015 Main Stage

The Park is home to the free Lambeth Country Show, which usually takes place over two days in July, attracting crowds of up to 150,000 people.[16][17] A ticketed annual fireworks display, attracting 30,000 people, also takes place around November 5.[18][19]

Paid-for music events have been taking place in Brockwell Park for a number of years, including Found Festival in 2016[20] and Sunfall Festival in 2017.[21] As far back as 1913, it was said that, "On the whole probably the people in Brockwell Park, like those in Hyde Park and the other parks, would refuse the weaker Italian stuff and demand the Wagner over and over again".[22]

Whilst there is recent local opposition to the holding of large festivals,[23] in fact the Park has a long history of hosting large-scale music events, including an estimated crowd of 150,000 in attendance at a Rock Against Racism carnival in September 1978, headlined by Elvis Costello and The Attractions, and with "people in trees, on the roofs of the flats and on the lido wall".[24][25] Costello ended his Brockwell Park performance with the song '(What's So Funny 'Bout) Peace, Love, and Understanding'.[26][27] A further Rock Against Racism event including performances by Aswad and Stiff Little Fingers was also held in the Park in September 1979.[28]

In May 1981, Aswad and Pete Townshend "swigging Remy Martin brandy"[29] headlined a TUC benefit gig for the 'People's March For Jobs' campaign, with a crowd of 70,000 in attendance.[30][31] In May 1982, Brockwell Park hosted a Cannabis Law Reform Rally, including "a wicked turbo sound rig with Jah Shaka, Coxone, King Sounds and DBC Rebel Radio´s boxes all connected in a huge horseshoe".[32] Madness also headlined a Greater London Council / CND 'Festival for Peace' in Brockwell Park in 1983, compered by John Peel, with a crowd of 30,000 in attendance.[33] Paul Weller's new band The Style Council made only their second public appearance at this festival. Unfortunate scheduling of the support acts, meant that many arriving in Brockwell Park hoping to see The Damned had already missed their 35-minute set, and subsequent support acts, including The Style Council and Hazel O'Connor, were pelted with mud, amid chants of "We want The Damned".[34][35]

In August 1984, the Park hosted a GLC free festival, where Leader Ken Livingstone gave a speech, and the increasingly rowdy crowd during performances by The Fall and Spear of Destiny was calmed by poet Benjamin Zephaniah before the headline set by The Damned.[36] One eyewitness recalls The Fall being pelted with cans during their performance, with singer Mark E. Smith narrowly dodging one effort, "about an inch from his face, when he suddenly twitched to the right and let it sail past him".[37]

The Park has also hosted reggae festivals,[38] and the London Pride festival in 1993 and 1994. In May 1994, an Anti Nazi League Carnival in Brockwell Park featured performances by The Manic Street Preachers, The Levellers, and Billy Bragg.[39] Between 2000-2004, the Park even hosted an annual cannabis festival.[40] The cannabis festival was eventually stopped in 2005 by Lambeth Council, after drug dealing at previous events.[41]

In June 2002, Australian band Midnight Oil headlined The Fierce Festival in Brockwell Park in front of a crowd of 20,000 people.[42][43] A dance event called Purple in the Park was held on the preceding day, headlined by Grace Jones, and including performances by Boy George and Yoko Ono.[44][45] The two events, held over the Queen's Golden Jubilee weekend, had a capacity set at 50,000.[46]

In January 2018, Lambeth Council announced that Field Day Festival had been given permission to hold its event in Brockwell Park.[47] Acts lined up for June 2018 included Erykah Badu, Thundercat, and Four Tet.[48]

Sports facilities

  • The refurbished 1930s Brockwell Lido has, as well as the swimming pool, other health and fitness facilities[49]
A hut in Brockwell Park

Family facilities

The track of the miniature railway
  • A children's paddling pool (open in the summertime only)[10]
  • A dog free children's play area
  • A miniature railway
  • One O'Clock Club[51]

Other features

Brockwell Park in popular culture

The San Francisco band Red House Painters wrote a song about the park, named "Brockwell Park", for their 1995 album Ocean Beach.[53] The Ocean Beach album also features an unlisted hidden track, referred to as "Brockwell Park (Part 2)".

Singer and songwriter Adele told The Sun newspaper that she was not performing at music festivals in 2011, preferring "sitting in Brockwell Park with my friends, drinking cider".[54] In a 2015 Adele at the BBC TV special, she stated that her song "Million Years Ago" is, "kind of a story about … I drove past Brockwell Park, which is a park in south London I used to live by. It’s where I spent a lot of my youth. It has quite monumental moments of my life that I’ve spent there, and I drove past it and I just literally burst into tears".[55]

Brockwell Park is the setting for the music video of "Do Your Thing" by local band Basement Jaxx.[56]

Brockwell Park was used as a filming base camp for the 2015 movie The Man from U.N.C.L.E directed by Guy Ritchie.[57]

The park is a key location in Mo Hayder's crime novel The Treatment.

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2009-09-26. page 4
  2. ^ "SPACES WILD championing the values of London's wildlife sites" (PDF). wildlondon.org. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  3. ^ "London Gardens Online". www.londongardensonline.org.uk. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  4. ^ http://www.brockwellgreenhouses.org.uk/event/bat-walk-night/
  5. ^ England, Historic. "BROCKWELL PARK, Lambeth - 1000794- Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  6. ^ "Rederick Powe, Chairman of Parks Committee, shakes hands over the plaque with Mr E.Wilson the donor". Getty Images UK. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Mr E.Wilson with his model village he has presented to the L.C.C." Getty Images UK. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  8. ^ "Brockwell Lido". Lambeth Council. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-07. Retrieved 2008-11-10.
  10. ^ a b "Brockwell Park | Lambeth Council". www.lambeth.gov.uk. Retrieved 2016-09-08.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-03-02. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
  12. ^ "Friends of Brockwell Park". Friends of Brockwell Park. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  13. ^ "Towards modern times". Herne Hill Society. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  14. ^ "World War II Pig Club, Brockwell Park, Herne Hill". lambeth.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  15. ^ Historic England, "Brockwell Park (1000794)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 11 April 2017
  16. ^ "Lambeth Country Show, Brockwell Park, Herne Hill, London 15 - 16 July 2006".
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-11. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  18. ^ "Fireworks and Sex Pistols, Brixton, November 2007, Brixton, Lambeth, London SW9".
  19. ^ Urban, Mike. "Private company applies to take over the annual Brockwell Park fireworks display – and charge for entry". Brixton Buzz. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  20. ^ "Found Festival 2016". Found Festival 2016. Retrieved 2016-09-08.
  21. ^ "Sunfall". SUNFALL. Retrieved 2016-09-08.
  22. ^ Cook, John Douglas; Harwood, Philip; Herries Pollock, Walter; Harris, Frank; Hodge, Harold (1913). "Carlisles Gift Lady". The Saturday Review of Politics, Literature, Science and Art. Volume 116: 168.
  23. ^ "Council's Brockwell Park partner says giant events must be reconsidered". 13 December 2017. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  24. ^ Bushell, Garry. "One aim, one love, one destiny: Anti-Nazi League Carnival / Brixton". elviscostello.info. Sounds. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  25. ^ Rachel, Daniel (2016). Walls Come Tumbling Down: The Music and Politics of Rock Against Racism, 2 Tone and Red Wedge. Pan Macmillan. pp. 171–172. ISBN 1447272706.
  26. ^ Sullivan, Steve (2013). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings, Volume 1. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 869. ISBN 0810882965.
  27. ^ Thomson, Graham (2013). Complicated Shadows: The Life And Music Of Elvis Costello. Canongate Books. ISBN 1782111638.
  28. ^ "Rock Against Racism, Brockwell Park, London". ukrockfestivals.com. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  29. ^ Widgery, David (1989). Preserving Disorder: Selected Essays 1968-1988. Pluto Press. p. 118. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  30. ^ "Rock For Jobs concert". ukrockfestivals.com. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  31. ^ Dromey, Jack. "I backed Tony Benn - but now I'm backing Yvette Cooper, not Jeremy Corbyn". New Statesman. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  32. ^ "Cannabis Law Reform Rally, Brockwell Park, Brixton". ukrockfestivals.com. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  33. ^ "Greater London Council Peace Festivals". ukrockfestivals.com. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  34. ^ "Style Council, The". nostalgiacentral.com. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  35. ^ Hutchinson, Barry (2017). The Damned - the Chaos Years: An Unofficial Biography. Lulu Press, Inc. ISBN 0244921555.
  36. ^ "GLC Free Festival Brockwell Park". ukrockfestivals.com. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  37. ^ "Saturday, 4 August 1984: GLC Festival, Brockwell Park, Brixton". thefall.org. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  38. ^ Steele-Perkins, Chris. "GB. ENGLAND. London. Brixton. 1974". pro.magnumphotos.com. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  39. ^ "Anti Nazi League Carnival Against The Nazis May 28th 1994 Brockwell Park London". YouTube. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  40. ^ Urban, Mike. "Brixton 15 Years Ago: Jayday Cannabis Festival, RIP Pat from the Albert, and various street scenes, May 2002". Brixton Buzz. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  41. ^ "Cannabis gran speaks out at rally". BBC News. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  42. ^ "Regurgitator Biography". imdb.com. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  43. ^ Brandle, Lars (8 June 2002). "Fierce: A U.K. Fest for Aussies, Kiwis, South Africans". Billboard. Vol. 114 (No. 23): 19.
  44. ^ "Purple In The Park 2002". Songkick. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  45. ^ "Purple In The Park..." overyourhead.co.uk. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  46. ^ "Festival kick-starts gay empire". BBC News. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  47. ^ "Brockwell Park summer events decision". lambeth.gov. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  48. ^ "Erykah Badu leads massive Field Day line up for 2018". nme.com. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  49. ^ "Brockwell Lido - Fusion".
  50. ^ "Brockwell parkrun - Brockwell parkrun".
  51. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-09. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
  52. ^ "Brockwell Park Community Greenhouses Garden - Brockwell Park Community Greenhouses".
  53. ^ "Songs Of Brixton: Brockwell Park by Red House Painters". Brixton Buzz. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  54. ^ "Adele's rolling in the park". The Sun. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  55. ^ Iasimone, Ashley. "Adele Performs 'Million Years Ago' and 'Hometown Glory' on BBC Special: Watch". billboard.com. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  56. ^ "Basement Jaxx - Do Your Thing". YouTube. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  57. ^ Palmer, Jim. "Location guide: Inside The Man From Uncle's south London, Kent and Surrey locations". News Shopper. Retrieved 7 May 2018.

External links

  • Brockwell Park Community Partners
  • Brockwell Park Community Greenhouses
  • The Brockwell Park Miniature Railway
  • Friends of Brockwell Park
  • Survey of London entries on Brockwell Hall and Brockwell Park (1851)
  • Plan and elevations of Brockwell Hall
  • Image of Brockwell Hall in 1820
  • urban75 e-zine on Brockwell Park
  • Brockwell Parkrun
  • Sketch of Brockwell Hall and park in 1820
  • Clock restoration, Brockwell Park, London
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