British Leeward Islands

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Leeward Islands
British colony
1671–1816
1833–1958
Flag
Flag (1871–1956)
Arms (1909)
Arms (1909)
Anthem
"God Save the Queen/King"
Capital St. John's, Antigua
Languages English (official)
Leeward Caribbean Creole English
Dominican Creole French
Religion Christianity (Anglican, Catholic, Methodist)
Government Constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 •  1671–1702 William III (first)
 •  1952–58 Elizabeth II (last)
Governor
 •  1683–98 Colonel Christopher Codrington (first)
 •  1956–58 Alexander Thomas Williams (last)
History
 •  Established 1671
 •  Divided 1816
 •  Reformed 1833
 •  Federal colony 1871
 •  Dominica joined 1871
 •  Dominica left 1940
 •  Joined West Indies Federation 1958
 •  Federation dissolved 31 May 1962
Area
 •  1958 1,047 km2 (404 sq mi)
Currency Pound sterling (official)
Spanish dollar, Mexican peso also used
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Anguilla
Antigua
Barbuda
Dominica
Montserrat
Nevis
Saint Christopher
Virgin Islands
West Indies Federation
British Virgin Islands
Today part of  Anguilla
 Antigua and Barbuda
 British Virgin Islands
 Dominica
 Montserrat
 Saint Kitts and Nevis

The British Leeward Islands now refers to the Leeward Islands as an English and later British colony from 1671 to 1958, except for the years from 1816 to 1833. The Leeward Islands was established as an English colony in 1671. In 1816, the islands were divided in two regions: Antigua, Barbuda, and Montserrat in one colony, and Saint Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the Virgin Islands in the other.

The Leeward Islands were united again in 1833, coming together until 1871 under the administration of the Governor of Antigua. The islands then became known as the Federal Colony of the Leeward Islands from 1871 to 1956, with Dominica becoming part of the colony in 1871 but leaving it again in 1940, and in 1958 the remaining islands were absorbed into the West Indies Federation.

A representative Leeward Islands cricket team continues to participate in West Indian domestic cricket.

Postage stamps

The islands of the Leeward Islands all used postage stamps inscribed "LEEWARD ISLANDS" between 1890 and 1 July 1956, often concurrently with stamps inscribed with the colony's name.

See also

References

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Leeward Islands". Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 371. 
  • WorldStatesmen- see each present country
  • Leeward Islands – Flag

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