British Geological Survey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

British Geological Survey (BGS)
British Geological Survey Logo.gif
Abbreviation BGS
Formation 1835
by Henry De la Beche
Legal status Government Organisation
Purpose Geoscience
Carry out scientific research to understand the structure, properties and processes of
the solid Earth system
Headquarters Environmental Science Centre
Region served
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Dr. John Ludden
Parent organisation
Natural Environment Research Council
around 50% from NERC

The British Geological Survey (BGS) is a partly publicly funded body which aims to advance geoscientific knowledge of the United Kingdom landmass and its continental shelf by means of systematic surveying, monitoring and research.

The BGS headquarters are in Keyworth, Nottinghamshire, England, United Kingdom. Its other centres are located in Edinburgh, Wallingford, Cardiff and London. The current motto of the BGS is: Gateway to the Earth.

History and previous names

The Geological Survey was founded in 1835 as the Ordnance Geological Survey, under Henry De la Beche. This was the world's first national geological survey. It remained a branch of the Ordnance Survey for many years. In 1965, it was merged with the Geological Museum and Overseas Geological Surveys, under the name of "Institute of Geological Sciences". On 1 January 1984, the institute was renamed the British Geological Survey (and often referred to as the BGS), a name still carried today.

Female officers of the Geological Survey had to resign upon getting married until 1975.[1]


BGS Seal

The BGS advises the British government on all aspects of geoscience, as well as providing impartial advice on geological matters to the public, academics and industry. BGS is a component body of the UK Natural Environment Research Council which is the UK's leading body for fundamental, strategic and applied research and monitoring in the environmental sciences both in the UK and for international projects. The core outputs of the BGS include geological, geophysical, geochemical and hydrogeological maps, descriptions and related digital databases. Scientists at the BGS produced the first comprehensive map of African groundwater reserves.[2] One of the key strategic aims for the next decade is to complete the transition from 2-D mapping to a 3-D modelling culture. The BGS has an annual budget of £57M, about half of which comes from the Government's science budget, with the remainder coming from commissioned research from the public and private sectors.

See also


  1. ^ Rod Bowie, Records Centre Manager, National Geological Records Centre, British Geological Survey, Keyworth. "Freedom and Equality-Women in Geology". British Geological Survey, Natural Environment Research Council. Archived from [file:///C:/Users/Pjohnson/Downloads/Freedom%20and%20Equalit2_fin%20(1).pdf the original] Check |url= value (help) (PDF) on 2013-08-12. Retrieved 2018-05-23.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Scholl, Adam. "Map Room: Hidden Waters". World Policy Journal. Retrieved 19 December 2012.

External links

  • British Geological Survey official website
  • Natural Environment Research Council official website
  • BGS Annual Report
  • BGS International
  • Geological Modelling at
  • Industrial Minerals at
  • School Seismology Project at
  • Landslides at
  • Climate change research at
Retrieved from ""
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia :
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "British Geological Survey"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA