Brazilian general election, 2018

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Brazilian general election, 2018
Brazil
← 2014 7 October 2018 (2018-10-07) (first round)
28 October 2018 (2018-10-28) (second round, if needed)
2022 →
Opinion polls

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Incumbent President

Michel Temer
MDB



General elections are scheduled to be held in Brazil in October 2018 to elect the President and Vice President, the National Congress, state Governors and Vice Governors and state Legislative Assemblies.

The 2014 elections saw Workers' Party candidate Dilma Rousseff re-elected as President in the second round with 51.6% of the vote, defeating Aécio Neves of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party who received 48.4% of the vote.[1] Rousseff had first been elected in the 2010 elections, succeeding her political mentor, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, who was in office from 2003 until 2011.

However, on 3 December 2015, impeachment proceedings against Rousseff were officially accepted by the Chamber of Deputies.[2] On 12 May 2016, the Federal Senate temporarily suspended Rousseff's powers and duties for up to six months or until the Senate reached a verdict: to remove her from office if found guilty or to acquit her from the crimes charged.[3] Vice President Michel Temer, of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party, assumed her powers and duties as Acting President of Brazil during the suspension.[4][5] On 31 August 2016, the Senate voted 61–20 in favor of impeachment, finding Rousseff guilty of breaking budgetary laws and removing her from office.[6][7] Vice President Temer succeeded Rousseff as the 37th President of Brazil.

Electoral system

Presidential elections

The President of Brazil is elected using the two-round system. Citizens may field their candidacies for the presidency, and participate in the general elections, which are held on the first Sunday in October (in this instance, 7 October 2018).[8] If the most-voted candidate takes more than 50% of the overall vote, he or she is declared elected. If the 50% threshold is not met by any candidate, a second round of voting is held on the last Sunday in October (in this instance, 28 October 2018). In the second round, only the two most-voted candidates from the first round may participate. The winner of the second round is elected President of Brazil.

Congressional elections

Two-thirds of the 81 members of the Federal Senate will be elected, the other third having been elected in 2014. Two candidates will be elected from each of the states using majority block voting, with voters able to cast two votes each.[9] All 513 members of the Chamber of Deputies will be elected, with candidates elected from 27 multi-member constituencies based on the states, varying in size from eight to 70 seats. The Chamber elections are held using open list proportional representation, with seats allocated using the simple quotient.[10] Voting is mandatory and abstainers can be fined.[9]

Presidential candidates

Potential candidates

Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB)

Brazilian Labour Renewal Party (PRTB)

Brazilian Republican Party (PRB)

Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB)

Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB)

Christian Democracy (DC)

Christian Labour Party (PTC)

Communist Party of Brazil (PCdoB)

Democratic Labour Party (PDT)

Democrats (DEM)

Free Homeland Party (PPL)

Green Party (PV)

New Party (NOVO)

Patriota (PATRI)

Podemos (PODE)

Social Christian Party (PSC)

Social Democratic Party (PSD)

  • Guilherme Afif Domingos - Vice Governor of São Paulo 2011–2015; Secretary of Micro and Small Business 2013–2015; State Secretary of Economic Development, Science and Technology of São Paulo 2011; State Secretary of Labor and Employment of São Paulo 2007–2011; Federal Deputy from São Paulo 1987–1991.[33]

Social Liberal Party (PSL)

Socialism and Liberty Party (PSOL)

Solidarity (SD)

Sustainability Network (REDE)

Unified Workers' Socialist Party (PSTU)

  • Vera Lúcia - shoemaker and unionist.[42][43]

Workers' Party (PT)

Ineligible

  1. ^ On 24 January 2018, Lula was convicted 3–0 by the Regional Federal Court of the 4th Region, which rendered him ineligible to run according to the Ficha Limpa law.

Lost in convention

Declined candidates

Opinion polls

Graph showing 5 poll average trend lines of Brazilian opinion polls from June 2015 to the most recent one. Each line corresponds to a political party. The markers for PT correspond to the potential candidate Lula. The markers for PSDB until 9–10 April 2015 correspond to the potential candidate Aécio Neves, and from 17–18 June 2015 correspond to the potential candidate Geraldo Alckmin. The marker for MDB on 17–18 June 2015 corresponds to the potential candidate Eduardo Paes and the marker for 8–11 February 2017 corresponds to the potential candidate Josué Alencar instead of Michel Temer.
Graph showing 5 poll average trend lines of Brazilian opinion polls from June 2015 to the most recent one. Each line corresponds to a political party. The markers for PT on 18–21 December 2017 and 29–30 January 2018 correspond to the potential candidate Jaques Wagner instead of Fernando Haddad.
Graph showing 5 poll average trend lines of Brazilian opinion polls for the second round between Lula (PT) and Bolsonaro (PSL) from April 2017 to the most recent one.
Graph showing 5 poll average trend lines of Brazilian opinion polls for the second round Marina Silva (REDE) and Bolsonaro (PSL) from April 2017 to the most recent one.

See also

References

  1. ^ Brazil keen to open trade talks with UK Financial Times, 22 July 2016
  2. ^ Jonathan Watts. "Brazil opens impeachment proceedings against president Dilma Rousseff". The Guardian. 
  3. ^ "Dilma Rousseff suspended as Senate votes to impeach". CNN. Retrieved 12 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "Brazil's Senate Votes to Impeach President Dilma Rousseff". NBC News. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "Afastada, Dilma mantém salário, Alvorada, avião e assessores". Congresso em Foco (in Portuguese). 
  6. ^ CNN, Catherine E. Shoichet and Euan McKirdy. "Brazil's Senate ousts Rousseff in impeachment vote". CNN. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "Brazil President Dilma Rousseff removed from office by Senate". BBC News. September 1, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2016. 
  8. ^ The Electoral System Library of Congress Country Studies
  9. ^ a b Electoral system IPU
  10. ^ Electoral system IPU
  11. ^ Rafael de Souza Ribeiro (21 September 2017). "Henrique Meirelles não descarta candidatura para 2018: "não se deve dizer nunca"" (in Portuguese). InfoMoney. Retrieved 23 September 2017. 
  12. ^ Dias, Marina (26 March 2018). "Meirelles decide renunciar à Fazenda para tentar viabilizar candidatura ao Planalto" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. Retrieved 26 March 2018. 
  13. ^ a b Amendola, Gilberto (11 December 2017). "Eymael e Levy Fidelix querem ser o "novo" em mais uma eleição para presidente" (in Portuguese). Estadão. Retrieved 21 December 2017. 
  14. ^ Cordeiro, Tiago (21 January 2018). "Quem é Flávio Rocha, o liberal que quer livrar o Brasil das amarras do Estado" (in Portuguese). Gazeta do Povo. Retrieved 25 January 2018. 
  15. ^ Balloussier, Anna Virginia (16 March 2018). "Afeito aos 'bons costumes', Flávio Rocha se aproxima de PRB e MBL" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. Retrieved 16 March 2018. 
  16. ^ Boghossian, Bruno; Carneiro, Mariana (27 March 2018). "Dono da Riachuelo se filia ao PRB para disputar Presidência" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. Retrieved 27 March 2018. 
  17. ^ http://noticias.r7.com/brasil/aliados-defendem-nome-de-alckmin-para-a-disputa-presidencial-06032017/
  18. ^ Pires, Bruno; Peron, Isadora (7 June 2017). "Joaquim Barbosa vê possibilidade de candidatura em 2018" (in Portuguese). O Estado de S. Paulo. Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  19. ^ Gadelha, Igor (21 March 2018). "Joaquim Barbosa busca apoio para ser candidato à Presidência pelo PSB" (in Portuguese). Uol. Retrieved 22 March 2018. 
  20. ^ Cristina Marcello, Maria (6 April 2018). "Joaquim Barbosa filia-se ao PSB nesta sexta-feira, em SP" [Joaquim Barbosa joins PSB this Friday in São Paulo] (in Portuguese). Terra. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
  21. ^ Venaglia, Guilherme (19 January 2018). "Collor anuncia pré-candidatura à Presidência da República" (in Portuguese). Veja. Retrieved 19 January 2018. 
  22. ^ https://ceticismopolitico.com/2017/11/05/pcdob-passa-rasteira-no-pt-e-lanca-manuela-davila-como-candidata-para-2018/
  23. ^ http://conexaoto.com.br/2017/02/17/ciro-gomes-anuncia-candidatura-para-2018-nao-deixarei-ninguem-fazer-um-golpe-comigo
  24. ^ Matsui, Naomi (29 December 2017). "Rodrigo Maia sobre 2018: "meu nome é 1 dos 4 mais fortes do DEM" para o Planalto" (in Portuguese). Poder360. Retrieved 30 December 2017. 
  25. ^ a b Carvalho, Daniel (4 March 2018). "Maia traça roteiro para disputar Planalto" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. Retrieved 5 March 2018. 
  26. ^ Sperb, Paula (4 November 2017). "Filho de Jango, deposto pela ditadura, pode disputar a Presidência" (in Portuguese). Veja. Retrieved 15 December 2017. 
  27. ^ "PPL anuncia pré-candidatura de João Vicente Goulart à Presidência da República" (in Portuguese). G1. 13 March 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  28. ^ http://conexaoto.com.br/2017/02/17/ciro-gomes-anuncia-candidatura-para-2018-nao-deixarei-ninguem-fazer-um-golpe-comigo
  29. ^ "Partido Novo anuncia João Amoêdo como pré-candidato a presidente em 2018" (in Portuguese). G1. 18 November 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
  30. ^ "Todos querem o Planalto" [Everyone wants the Planalto] (in Portuguese). Uol. 11 March 2018. Retrieved 10 April 2018. 
  31. ^ "Álvaro Dias quer disputa Presidência da República em 2018" (in Portuguese). Brasil 247. 2015-12-24. Retrieved 2017-03-21. 
  32. ^ Balloussier, Anna Virginia (27 November 2017). ""Liberal-cristão", chefe do BNDES mira 2018" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. Retrieved 27 November 2017. 
  33. ^ "Confederação defende lançar Afif para o Planalto" [Confederation defends launchig Afif for Planalto] (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 15 April 2018. 
  34. ^ "Jair Bolsonaro é apresentado como pré-candidato à Presidência da República". Extra Online (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2017-02-12. 
  35. ^ "Bolsonaro é um liberal completo, diz presidente do PSL". Folha de S.Paulo (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-02-06. 
  36. ^ Galhardo, Ricardo; Pereira, Pablo (18 October 2017). "PSOL articula Boulos para Presidência" (in Portuguese). Estadão. Retrieved 18 October 2017. 
  37. ^ Bezerra, Mirthyani (5 March 2018). "Líderes do PSOL veem aproximação com PT, mas negam "aval" de Lula a Boulos" (in Portuguese). Uol. Retrieved 5 March 2018. 
  38. ^ a b c d e "PSOL oficializa Boulos como pré-candidato à Presidência" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. 10 March 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  39. ^ Peron, Isadora (12 April 2018). "Paulinho da Força: 'Pensamos em lançar Aldo Rebelo à Presidência'". Folha de S.Paulo. Retrieved 12 April 2018. 
  40. ^ Garcia, Janaina (16 April 2018). "SD oficializa Aldo como nome à Presidência com promessa de 'pacificar esquerda e direita'" [SD officializes Aldo candidate for the Presidency with promise to 'pacify left and right-wings'] (in Portuguese). Uol. Retrieved 16 April 2018. 
  41. ^ http://veja.abril.com.br/brasil/marina-silva-lidera-em-todos-cenarios-para-2018-diz-datafolha/
  42. ^ Guerra, Henrique (10 April 2018). "Eleições 2018: disputa para a Presidência da República tem 14 nomes oficializados" [2018 Elections: dispute for the Presidency of the Republic has 14 officialized names] (in Portuguese). Portal R10. Retrieved 10 April 2018. 
  43. ^ "PSTU lança ativista sindical de Sergipe como pré-candidata a Presidente da República" [PSTU launches Sergipe unionist as pre-candidate for President of the Republic] (in Portuguese). G1. 2 March 2018. Retrieved 10 April 2018. 
  44. ^ https://www.novonoticias.com/politica/a-um-ano-da-propaganda-oito-nomes-aparecem-para-disputar-a-presidencia
  45. ^ Galhardo, Ricardo (18 August 2017). "Lula cita Jaques Wagner e Pimentel como alternativas para 2018" (in Portuguese). Estadão. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 
  46. ^ "Petistas ventilam o nome de Patrus Ananias caso Lula não consiga concorrer ao Planalto". revistaepoca.globo.com. Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  47. ^ de Souza, Josias (22 December 2017). "Alckmin e Virgílio se enfrentarão em 5 debates" (in Portuguese). Uol. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  48. ^ "Arthur Virgílio desiste de prévia com Alckmin e o chama de cínico" (in Portuguese). EM. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  49. ^ Rodrigues, Douglas (13 December 2017). "Senador Ronaldo Caiado lidera disputa pelo Governo de Goiás" (in Portuguese). Poder360. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  50. ^ "Números indicam disputa acirrada entre Rui Costa e ACM Neto nas eleições 2018" (in Portuguese). A Tarde. 3 February 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
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  52. ^ "Roberto Justus aparece como candidato à Presidência em festa da Record" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2017-02-12. 
  53. ^ Mauricio Lima (27 January 2017). "Roberto Justus põe projeto político na geladeira". Veja. 
  54. ^ a b c "Luciana Genro desiste, e PSOL pode lançar Chico Alencar para 2018" [Luciana Genro gives up, and PSOL can launch Chico Alencar for 2018] (in Portuguese). Veja. 6 April 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  55. ^ http://politica.estadao.com.br/blogs/coluna-do-estadao/huck-desiste-de-disputar-eleicao-presidencial/
  56. ^ "Moro nega ser candidato em 2018 e se recusa a falar sobre ameaças sofridas na Lava-Jato" (in Portuguese). Estado de Minas. 18 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2017. 
  57. ^ Peron, Isadora (17 October 2017). "Chico Alencar desiste de disputar a Presidência e vai se lançar ao Senado em 2018" (in Portuguese). Estadão. Retrieved 16 November 2017. 
  58. ^ Borges, Laryssa (15 November 2017). "Ministro Barroso nega intenção de ser candidato em 2018" (in Portuguese). Veja. Retrieved 16 November 2017. 
  59. ^ "Após milagres em São Paulo, João Dória já começa a se cogitado para a presidência da República" (in Portuguese). Jornalivre. 2017-02-17. Retrieved 2017-03-21. 
  60. ^ Bilenky, Thais (22 November 2017). "Dória recua do Planalto e mira governo de São Paulo" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  61. ^ Maia, Gustavo (22 December 2017). "Ainda "pequeno", PSOL ganha 25 mil filiados em um ano e quer dobrar bancada na Câmara" (in Portuguese). Uol. Retrieved 22 December 2017. 
  62. ^ Garcia, Gustavo (13 November 2017). "Cristovam Buarque anuncia licença do mandato de senador para avaliar candidatura à Presidência" (in Portuguese). G1. Retrieved 13 November 2017. 
  63. ^ Bilenky, Thais; Tavares, Joelmir (26 March 2018). "Descartando filiação de Huck, PPS aprova posição de apoio a Alckmin" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. Retrieved 27 March 2018. 
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  66. ^ Bragon, Ranier (20 February 2018). "PSDB decide disputar governo do MG para Aécio tentar a reeleição" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  67. ^ "Serra afirma que não será candidato na eleição deste ano" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. 18 January 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  68. ^ "'Não existe possibilidade', afirma Tasso sobre candidatura ao Governo" (in Portuguese). O Povo. 31 January 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  69. ^ "A oito meses da eleição, pesquisa aponta vitória de Flávio Dino no primeiro turno no Maranhão" (in Portuguese). Revista Fórum. 15 February 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
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  74. ^ Marques, Gilvan (22 September 2017). "Ex-apresentadora do "JN", Valéria Monteiro lança candidatura à Presidência". Uol. Retrieved 22 September 2017. 
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  76. ^ Mantovani, Kelly (29 March 2018). "PMN desiste de lançar ex-apresentadora do JN Valéria Monteiro" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. Retrieved 29 March 2018. 
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