Boris Chertok

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Boris Chertok
Puttkamer, Chertok & Dick in Moscow.jpg
Boris Chertok (middle) in 2005
Born Boris Yevseyevich Chertok
Борис Евсеевич Черток

(1912-03-01)1 March 1912
Łódź, Russian Empire (now Poland)
Died 14 December 2011(2011-12-14) (aged 99)[1]
Moscow, Russia
Nationality Russian
Occupation Soviet and Russian rocket scientist and engineer
Known for Deputy Chief Designer of Soviet Space Program

Boris Evseyevich Chertok (Russian: Бори́с Евсе́евич Черто́к; 1 March 1912 – 14 December 2011) was a Russian electrical engineer and the control systems designer in the Soviet Union's space program, and later the Roscosmos. He was prominent for being responsible for control systems of a number of ballistic missiles and spacecraft. He was the author of a four-volume book Rockets and People, the definitive source of information about the history of the Soviet space program.

From 1974, he was the deputy chief designer of the S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia, the space aircraft designer bureau which he started working for in 1946. He retired in 1992.[2]

Personal life

Born in Łódź (modern Poland), his family moved to Moscow when he was aged 3. Starting from 1930, he worked as an electrician in a metropolitan suburb. Since 1934, he was already designing military aircraft in Bolkhovitinov design bureau. In 1946, he entered the rocket-pioneering NII-88 as a head of control systems department, working alongside with Sergei Korolev, whose deputy he became after OKB-1 spun off from the NII-88 in 1956.[3]

He was married to Yekaterina Semyonovna Golubkina. By views, he was an atheist.[4]

Rockets and People

Between 1994 and 1999 Boris Chertok, with support from his wife Yekaterina Golubkina, created the four-volume book series about the history of the Soviet space industry. The series was originally published in Russian, in 1999.

  • Черток Б.Е. Ракеты и люди — М.: Машиностроение, 1999. (B. Chertok, Rockets and People) (in Russian)
  • Черток Б.Е. Ракеты и люди. Фили — Подлипки — Тюратам — М.: Машиностроение, 1999. (B. Chertok, Rockets and People. Fili — Podlipki — Tyuratam) (in Russian)
  • Черток Б.Е. Ракеты и люди. Горячие дни холодной войны — М.: Машиностроение, 1999. (B. Chertok, Rockets and People. Hot Days of the Cold War) (in Russian)
  • Черток Б.Е. Ракеты и люди. Лунная гонка — М.: Машиностроение, 1999. (B. Chertok, Rockets and People. The Moon Race) (in Russian)

Translation into English

NASA's History Division published four translated volumes of the series between 2005 and 2011. The series editor is Asif Siddiqi, the author of Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945-1974.[5]

  • Boris Chertok (author). Rockets and People, Volume 1, 2005. ISBN 0-16-073239-5. Published by NASA.
  • Boris Chertok (author). Rockets and People, Volume 2: Creating a Rocket Industry, 2006. ISBN 0-16-076672-9. Published by NASA.
  • Boris Chertok (author). Rockets and People, Volume 3: Hot Days of the Cold War, 2009. ISBN 978-0-16-081733-5. Published by NASA.
  • Boris Chertok (author). Rockets and People, Volume 4: The Moon Race, 2011. Published by NASA.

Honours and awards

References

  1. ^ "Academician Boris Chertok died in Moscow on his 100th year of life" (in Russian). RIA Novosti. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "Roscosmos Head Congratulated Academician Boris Chertok on his 99th Birthday". Roscosmos. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  3. ^ Chertok, Boris (2006). Siddiqui, Asif, ed. Rockets and People, Volume 2: Creating a Rocket Industry (PDF). Washington, D.C.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration. ISBN 0-16-076672-9. 
  4. ^ https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4110/vol1.pdf
  5. ^ "RSC Energia is an active participant of the opened today the XXXVIth Academic readings devoted to cosmonautics". S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 

Literature

  • Vadimir Branets, Boris Evseyevich Chertok (to 95th birthday) (in Russian);
  • "Testing of rocket and space technology - the business of my life" Events and facts - A.I. Ostashev, Korolyov, 2001.[1];
  • A.I. Ostashev, Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov - The Genius of the 20th Century — 2010 M. of Public Educational Institution of Higher Professional Training MGUL ISBN 978-5-8135-0510-2;
  • «A breakthrough in space» - Konstantin Vasilyevich Gerchik, M: LLC "Veles", 1994, - ISBN 5-87955-001-X;
  • "Look back and look ahead. Notes of a military engineer" - Rjazhsky A. A., 2004, SC. first, the publishing house of the "Heroes of the Fatherland" ISBN 5-91017-018-X;
  • "Rocket and space feat Baikonur" - Vladimir Порошков, the "Patriot" publishers 2007. ISBN 5-7030-0969-3;
  • "Unknown Baikonur" - edited by B. I. Posysaeva, M.: "globe", 2001. ISBN 5-8155-0051-8;
  • "People duty and honor" – A. A. Shmelev, the second book. M: Editorial Board "Moscow journal", 1998.
  • "Bank of the Universe" - edited by Boltenko A. C., Kiev, 2014., publishing house "Phoenix", ISBN 978-966-136-169-9
  • "S. P. Korolev. Encyclopedia of life and creativity" - edited by C. A. Lopota, RSC Energia. S. P. Korolev, 2014 ISBN 978-5-906674-04-3

External links

  • Rockets and People in English, published by NASA History
    • Boris Chertok. Rockets and People, 2005. ISBN 0-16-073239-5. NASA.
    • Boris Chertok. Rockets and People, Volume 2: Creating a Rocket Industry, 2006. ISBN 0-16-076672-9. NASA.
    • Boris Chertok. Rockets and People, Volume 3: Hot Days of the Cold War, 2009. ISBN 0-16-081733-1. NASA.
    • Boris Chertok. Rockets and People, Volume 4: The Moon Race, 2011. NASA.
  • Boris Chertok at Astronautix.com
  • Rockets and People (in Russian)
  • Boris Chertok family history
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