Boosenburg

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Boosenburg
Rüdesheim am Rhein
Boosenburg.JPG
The castle from the southwest
Boosenburg is located in Germany
Boosenburg
Boosenburg
Coordinates 49°58′42″N 7°55′5″E / 49.97833°N 7.91806°E / 49.97833; 7.91806Coordinates: 49°58′42″N 7°55′5″E / 49.97833°N 7.91806°E / 49.97833; 7.91806
Type lowland castle
Code DE-HE
Height 90 m above sea level (NN)
Site information
Condition partly preserved
Site history
Built 12th century
Garrison information
Occupants Knights

The Boosenburg is a lowland castle in Rüdesheim am Rhein, Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis, Hesse, Germany, located in the Rhine valley and dating back to the 12th century. It is locally known as Oberburg (upper castle) in relation to the near and slightly lower Brömserburg. It has been part of the Rhine Gorge World Heritage Site from 2002.

History

The castle was probably built at the end of the 12th century as the family seat for the knight, Lord Fuchs of Rüdesheim, as a square building surrounding a very high, double stepped bergfried, protected by a rampart and moat. In late medieval times, additional living quarters were added. In 1407, the castle was left to the Brömser von Rüdesheim noble family. From 1474 to 1830, it belonged to the Boos von Waldeck (de) noble family.[1]

After the counts of Schönborn-Wiesntheid became owners in 1830, they tore down in 1836 all the buildings apart from the bergfried, which they built even higher, adding Gothic Revival merlons. The next owner, wine merchant Baptist Sturm, transformed the moat to a vaulted wine cellar. His widow erected a Gothic Revival villa, designed by Philipp Hoffmann, and completed in 1872.[1]

The castle has belonged to a winery, Weinkellerei Carl Jung, from 1938. The musical family has arranged chamber music concerts in their residence.[2] Carl's son, Hans Otto Jung, a founding member of the jazz group Hotclub Combo (de) in the 1940s, played there with notable musicians on two Steinway pianos.[3] His son, Edu Jung, also active as a jazz musician, opened the venue[2] also for concerts of the Volkshochschule (VHS, folk high school).[4]

In 2002, Boosenburg became part of the World Heritage Site of the Rhine Gorge.[5]

Literature

  • Michael Fuhr: Wer will des Stromes Hüter sein? 40 Burgen und Schlösser am Mittelrhein. 1st edition. Schnell & Steiner, Regensburg 2002, ISBN 3-7954-1460-1, pp 130–131.
  • Schlösser, Burgen, alte Mauern. Hessendienst der Staatskanzlei, Wiesbaden 1990, ISBN 3-89214-017-0, p 304.

References

  1. ^ a b "Boosenburg". alleburgen.de (in German). Retrieved 21 November 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Melancholie pur / "Mit meinen heißen Tränen" / Ergreifende Interpretation von Schuberts "Winterreise" im Rahmen der Sonntagskonzerte". Rheingau-Echo (in German). 20 March 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2017. 
  3. ^ Zwerin, Mike (2000). The Ghetto Swingers. Swing Under the Nazis: Jazz as a Metaphor for Freedom. Cooper Square Press. pp. 17–30. ISBN 978-1-46-173197-9. 
  4. ^ "Konzerte". Volkshochschule Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis (in German). 2017. Retrieved 21 November 2017. 
  5. ^ "Mittelrheintal gehört zum Weltkulturerbe". Rheing-Zeitung (in German). 27 June 2002. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 

External links

  • Boosenburg burgenwelt.de
  • Boosenburg im Rheingau rheingau.de
  • Boosenburg mittelrheintal24.de
  • Carl Jung carl-jung.de
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