Bolshoy Cheremshan River

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Bolshoy Cheremshan River
Bolshoy Cheremshan - 8834.JPG
Country Tatarstan and Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia
Physical characteristics
 - location Bugulma-Belebey Hills
 - location
Kuybyshev Reservoir, Volga
 - elevation
53 m (174 ft)
Length 336 km (209 mi)
Basin size 11,500 km2 (4,400 sq mi)
 - average 1,660 m3/s (59,000 cu ft/s) (maximal)

Bolshoy Cheremshan (Russian: Большой Черемшан, literally Greater Cheremshan, Tatar: Cyrillic Олы Чирмешән, Latin Olı Çirmeşän) is a river in Russia, a left tributary of the Volga between the Kama River and Samara River. It flows southwest to the Volga near Dimitrovgrad. The main inflows are the Bolshaya Sulcha and Maly Cheremshan. The maximal discharge is 1,660 cubic metres per second (59,000 cu ft/s) (1979), and the minimal mineralization is 600-800 mg/l. The riverbed is meandering and the meadows are wide. From around 1650 the Trans-Kama Line of forts ran along or near the Cheremshan.


  • (in Tatar) "Олы Чирмешән". Tatar Encyclopaedia. Kazan: The Republic of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences. Institution of the Tatar Encyclopaedia. 2002.

Coordinates: 54°10′10″N 49°32′44″E / 54.16944°N 49.54556°E / 54.16944; 49.54556

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