Bolivar, South Australia

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Bolivar
AdelaideSouth Australia
Bolivar is located in Greater Adelaide
Bolivar
Bolivar
Coordinates 34°46′30″S 138°35′20″E / 34.775°S 138.589°E / -34.775; 138.589Coordinates: 34°46′30″S 138°35′20″E / 34.775°S 138.589°E / -34.775; 138.589
Population
Established 1956[3]
Postcode(s) 5110[4]
Location 17 km (11 mi) N of Adelaide city centre[4]
LGA(s) City of Salisbury
State electorate(s) Port Adelaide (2011)[5]
Federal Division(s) Port Adelaide (2011)[6]
Suburbs around Bolivar:
St Kilda Waterloo Corner Burton
St Kilda Bolivar Paralowie
Gulf St Vincent Globe Derby Park Globe Derby Park

Bolivar is an outer northern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia. It is located in the City of Salisbury.

History

The suburb was established in 1956, and was named after the General Bolivar Hotel. This hotel had been built by Walter Walpole, a settler who had arrived in South Australia in 1850 on the sailing ship Bolivar.[3]

Bolivar Post Office in the then rural area opened on 1 July 1905 and closed in 1930.[7]

Geography

Bolivar lies beside Barker Inlet and is bounded on the south by the Little Para River and on the east by Port Wakefield Road.[8]

Demographics

The 2006 Census by the Australian Bureau of Statistics counted 119 persons in Bolivar on census night. Of these, 63.9% were male and 36.1% were female.[2]

The majority of residents (69.7%) are of Australian birth, with an additional 13.4% claiming England as their country of birth.[2]

The age distribution of Bolivar residents is skewed towards an older population compared to the greater Australian population: 94.1% of residents were over 25 years in 2006, compared to the Australian average of 66.5%.[2]

Facilities and attractions

Waste water treatment

The suburb is notable for being the location (with neighbouring St Kilda) of the Bolivar Waste Water Treatment Plant.[8] Bolivar is the largest of three SA Water sewage treatment plants in metropolitan Adelaide. It produces recycled water which is provided to farmers on the Adelaide Plains near Virginia. Methane is collected and used to generate electricity. Bolivar produces 35,000 tonnes of biosolids which have been supplied to farmers since the 1960s.[9] Bolivar processes 60% of metropolitan Adelaide's raw sewage. The biogas produced in the treatment process is used to generate 85% of the annual electricity requirements. Twenty-five Gigawatt-hours of electricity is generated by the natural gas-powered reciprocating engines each year. It treats 135 million litres of water per day. Water from the northwestern suburbs is treated separately as it tends to be more saline and not suitable for reuse in irrigation.[10] Waste water that is not used for irrigation of market gardens or reticulation at Mawson Lakes is discharged via an open outfall channel 11 km long to near St Kilda at the north end of the Barker Inlet. Water to be reused passes through an additional Dissolved Air Flotation and Filtration (DAFF) plant commissioned in 1999, and Mawson Lakes reticulated water also receives additional chlorination. The High Salinity Waste Water Treatment Plant is on the Bolivar site, but otherwise a separate facility that replaced a facility at Port Adelaide in 2005. There is a dedicated pumped trunk sewer delivering the raw sewage from the former site to Bolivar. it is 17km long with a diameter of 900mm.[11]

Parks

The southern boundary of the suburb runs along the Little Para River and includes greenspace and a shared path along the river.[8]

Transportation

Rail

The Adelaide-Port Augusta railway line had a station named Bolivar, which was north of where the Northern Expressway now crosses the railway (and several kilometres from Bolivar). There is still a crossing loop in the vicinity.

Roads

Bolivar is serviced by Port Wakefield Road, part of the National Highway.[8] It will also be crossed by the Northern Connector freeway due to open in 2019. The exit at Bolivar Road/Kings Road will be in Bolivar, and is likely to service the new entrance to the waste water treatment works.

Air

Frederic Custance made Australia's first monoplane flight at Bolivar on 17 March 1910. [12]

See also

References

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Bolivar (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Bolivar (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Place Names of South Australia". The Manning Index of South Australian History. State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Bolivar, South Australia (Adelaide)". Postcodes-Australia. Postcodes-Australia.com. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  5. ^ "Electoral Districts - Electoral District for the 2010 Election". Electoral Commission SA. Archived from the original on 22 August 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  6. ^ "Find my electorate". Australian Electoral Commission. 15 April 2011. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  7. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d Adelaide and surrounds street directory (47th ed.). UBD. 2009. ISBN 978-0-7319-2336-6.
  9. ^ "Sewage Treatment". SA Water. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  10. ^ "Bolivar wastewater treatment plant energy use case study" (PDF). Water Services Association of Australia. August 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  11. ^ "SA Water Wastewater Treatment Plants and Catchments". 2013. pp. 33–49. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  12. ^ http://www.southaustralianhistory.com.au/chronology6.htm

External links

  • "City of Salisbury". Official website. City of Salisbury. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
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