Blue Bell Hill

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Blue Bell Hill
Blue Bell Hill, viewed from near Anchor Farm, Aylesford.jpg
Type Nature reserve
Location Aylesford, Kent
OS grid TQ743621
Area 5 hectares (12 acres)
Managed by Kent Wildlife Trust
Blue Bell Hill
Blubellhill.jpg
The High Speed 1 tunnel portal, under the North Downs at Blue Bell Hill
Highest point
Elevation 160 m (520 ft)
Prominence c. 30 m
Geography
Location North Downs, England
OS grid TQ740625
Topo map OS Landranger 188

Blue Bell Hill is a chalk hill between Maidstone and Rochester in the English county of Kent. It overlooks the River Medway and is part of the North Downs. Settlements on the hill include Walderslade; and Blue Bell Hill and Kit's Coty villages. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries much of the hill was quarried for chalk.[1]

It is a 5-hectare (12-acre) nature reserve which is managed by Kent Wildlife Trust.[2] It is also part of the Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty[3] and Wouldham to Detling Escarpment Sites of Special Scientific Interest[4] and Nature Conservation Review site, Grade I.[5]

A picnic area serves as a rest point for walkers on the North Downs Way which runs along the top of the hill whilst the prehistoric trackway of the Pilgrims' Way skirts its foot. A modern crematorium also surmounts the hill.

The A229 dual carriageway follows the route of a former Roman road and climbs the hill, today linking the M2 and M20 motorways. High Speed 1 also runs beneath the hill, via the North Downs Tunnel, and archaeological work in advance of it uncovered a Neolithic long house on its slopes. The Bluebell Hill transmitting station is located on the hill,[6] as is the Lower Bell pub.[7]

Archaeology

A famous feature of the hill is the eastern group of the prehistoric tombs called the Medway megaliths including Kit's Coty House and Countless Stones.

Kit's Coty chamber tomb on the lower slopes of Blue Bell Hill with the Medway valley beyond

The Blue Bell Hill Dolmen was a now lost member of the group of Neolithic chamber tombs in the English county of Kent. It is thought to have been one of the Medway Megaliths. Its precise location is unclear but it stood on Blue Bell Hill on the North Downs between Maidstone and Rochester, to the north of Kit's Coty House. Only fragments of antiquarians' records now remain. It was possibly investigated in 1844 and was still extant in the early twentieth century. A sketch in Maidstone Museum indicates that three sarsen standing stones survived to heights of 7 feet forming the walls of the burial chamber. A stone that may have formed the capstone lay between them. The tomb was found to have contained the skeleton of a man and fragments of red pottery were found although none of these has since survived. A kerb of smaller stones surrounded the larger ones and beneath the standing stones was a large circular pit dug into the natural chalk and filled with many flints. Local people told the investigating antiquarians that many such pits had been found on the hill and that the flints were used as a source of stone to metal new roads. From these fragments it is thought that one, or possibly more, chamber tombs stood on Blue Bell Hill in addition to the surviving Medway Megaliths.[8]-

A Roman temple was also later built on the hill.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ Panoramic view from the hill Archived December 10, 2004, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Blue Bell Hill". Kent Wildlife Trust. Archived from the original on 2018-01-03. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Blue Bell Hill Picnic Site". Kent Downs AONB. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  4. ^ "Designated Sites View: Wouldham to Detling Escarpment". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  5. ^ Ratcliffe, Derek, ed. (1977). A Nature Conservation Review. 2. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 118. ISBN 0521 21403 3.
  6. ^ "Bluebell Hill". UK Free TV. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  7. ^ "History". Blue Bell Hill Trust. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  8. ^ Source:Kent Sites and Monuments Record TQ 76 SW 22

Coordinates: 51°20′0″N 0°30′0″E / 51.33333°N 0.50000°E / 51.33333; 0.50000

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