Black lory

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Black lory
Black lory (Chalcopsitta atra), Gembira Loka Zoo, Yogyakarta 2015-03-15 03.jpg
At Gembira Loka Zoo, Yogyakarta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittaculidae
Subfamily: Loriinae
Tribe: Loriini
Genus: Chalcopsitta
Species: C. atra
Binomial name
Chalcopsitta atra
(Scopoli, 1786)
Synonyms

Psittacus ater Scopoli, 1786

The black lory (Chalcopsitta atra) also known as rajah lory or red-quilled lory is a medium-sized, blackish parrot with black bill, dark grey feet and long rounded tail. It has yellow and red under-tail. Both sexes are similar.

The black lory is evaluated as Least Concern on IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.[1] It is listed on Appendix II of CITES.[citation needed]

Description

The black lory is 32 cm (13 in) long and has a black bill. Its plumage is mostly black with a blue rump. Red markings on face, thighs, and tail vary between the three subspecies. Males and females are similar in external appearance.[2]

Taxonomy

The species was given its formal name by the naturalist Giovanni Antonio Scopoli. Scopoli did not in fact examine any specimens, but used the informal description by the explorer Pierre Sonnerat published in his book Voyage à la Nouvelle-Guinée (1776). The determination was accurate enough for the name to be valid, so Scopoli is credited as the author of this taxon.[3]

Three subspecies of the black lory are recognized:[4]

Chalcopsitta atra (Scopoli, 1786)

  • Chalcopsitta atra atra (Scopoli, 1786), native to western Bird's Head Peninsula of the Indonesian province of West Papua, and nearby islands.[2]
  • Chalcopsitta atra bernsteini Rosenberg, 1861, on the Indonesian island of Misool.[2]
  • Chalcopsitta atra insignis Oustalet, 1878, on eastern Bird's Head Peninsula, nearby islands, and the Onin and Bomberai Peninsulas of West Papua.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Chalcopsitta atra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Forshaw (2006). plate 7.
  3. ^ Newton, Alfred (1882). Scopoli's Ornithological papers from his Deliciae florae et faunae insubricae (Ticini: 1786-1788). London: The Willughby Society. 
  4. ^ "Zoological Nomenclature Resource: Psittaciformes (Version 9.022)". www.zoonomen.net. 2009-03-28. 

Cited texts

External links

  • BirdLife Species Factsheet


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