Bishop's University

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Coordinates: 45°22′0.16″N 71°50′43.67″W / 45.3667111°N 71.8454639°W / 45.3667111; -71.8454639

Bishop's University
Université Bishop's  (French)
Bishop's University New CoA.png
Motto Recti cultus pectora roborant  (Latin)
Motto in English
Sound learning strengthens the spirit
Established 1843[1]
Affiliation Non-denominational
Endowment C$ 32.5 million[2]
Chancellor Brian Levitt
Principal Michael Goldbloom
Students 2,756[3]
Undergraduates 2,404 full-time students
352 part-time students[3]
Location Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
Campus Rural: 550 acres (220 ha)[4]
Colours Purple and Silver          
Nickname Bishop's Gaiters
Affiliations AUCC, IAU, QSSF, CBIE, CUP.
Mascot Alligator
Website https://www.ubishops.ca
Bishop's University.svg

Bishop's University (French: Université Bishop's) is an English-language and predominantly undergraduate university in Lennoxville, a borough of Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada.[5] Bishop's is one of three universities in the province of Quebec that teach primarily in English (the others being McGill University and Concordia University, both in Montreal). The university shares a campus with its neighbour, Champlain College Lennoxville, an English-language public college. It remains one of Canada's few primarily undergraduate universities. Established in 1843 as Bishop's College and affiliated with the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge in 1853, the school remained under the Anglican church's direction from its founding until 1947. Since that time, the university has been a non-denominational institution.[6] Bishop's University has graduated fifteen Rhodes Scholars.

History

Bishop's College was established by Bishop George Jehoshaphat Mountain on December 9, 1843, in Lennoxville, Quebec, for the education of members of the Church of England and erected into a university in 1853.[7] The school was founded by Bishop Mountain, the third Anglican bishop of Quebec as a liberal arts college.[8] In 1845, instruction began, and in 1854, the first degrees were granted.[9]

In 1845, the Reverend Jasper Hume Nicolls, a Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford was appointed first principal of Bishop's College. In 1853, he and Bishop Mountain obtained the Royal Charter through which the college became a university. He led Bishop's for 32 years, through several financial crises.

A faculty of medicine, known as Bishop's Medical Faculty, Montreal], was established in Montreal in 1871, and closed in 1905 when it amalgamated with McGill University.

A short-lived Faculty of Law was established in Sherbrooke in 1880, to close in 1888. Only fifteen degrees in course were granted.

The Church of England controlled the university until 1947.[9] Since 1947, a corporation and appointed trustees have been responsible for its business affairs, and a senate has dealt with academic matters.[9] This bicameral model of governance was based on the 1906 provincial University of Toronto Act, which established a system dividing university government into a senate (faculty) to set academic policy, and a board of governors (citizens) to oversee financial policy and other matters.

The president, appointed by the board, was to perform institutional leadership and provide a link between the senate and the board of governors.[10] In the early part of the twentieth century, professional education expanded beyond the traditional fields of theology, law, and medicine, while graduate training based on the German-inspired American model of specialized course work and the completion of a research thesis was introduced.[10] The policy of university education initiated in the 1960s responded to population pressure and the belief that higher education was a key to social justice and economic productivity for individuals and for society.[6]

On December 9, 1993, a Sesquicentennial Convocation was held in Centennial Theatre. Governor General of Canada Ramon John Hnatyshyn presented the Coat of Arms and Flag and signed and presented the Letters Patent of Bishop's University.

Academic programs

Primarily undergraduate, Bishop's University also offers graduate courses and M.A. and M.Ed. degrees in education and M.Sc. in computer science and physics. Bishop's offers several programs from five academic divisions:

Bishop Williams Hall

Each division seeks to provide a well-rounded education for all its students. The average class size as of fall 2004 was 36 in first-year courses and 12 in upper-year courses. Thirty-two percent of the classes offered at Bishop's have ten or fewer students, allowing each person's voice to be heard.

In 2004, Bishop’s joined the Université de Sherbrooke in creating SIXtron, a joint spin-off of technology based in Montreal which is focused on developing highly scalable and cost-effective, amorphous silicon carbide (SiC)-based thin film coatings for the solar industry.[11] In the fall of 2007 the university announced a strategic research plan which will position “Research and Creativity” as a central focus for the University’s future development, making Bishop's unique among Canadian undergraduate institutions.[12]

In 2009, the Psychological Health and Well-Being Laboratory was founded as an initiative to produce and share knowledge regarding how to enhance the psychological health and well-being of individuals and the communities that they live in. The research cluster is headed by Dr. Fuschia Sirois.[13]

As of 2009, Bishop’s has 1854 full-time students. The student body represents every Canadian province and territory along with 18 U.S. states and more than 50 countries.[4]

Williams School of Business

The Williams School of Business is the business school at Bishop's University. It is accredited under the Network of International Business Schools (NIBS) and claims multiple first place victories in international business case competitions.[14][15] It offers courses through a bachelor of business administration (BBA) or bachelor of arts (BA) major in business. A cooperative education program is also offered.[15] Approximately 25% of Bishop's University students are enrolled in the Williams School of Business.[3]

The Williams School of Business offers the following concentrations under the BBA:[15]

Campus

The Bishop's campus is located on 500 acres (200 ha) of land at the junction of the St. Francis and Massawippi rivers in the Eastern Townships region of Quebec. The site of Bishop's College, a grassy knoll at the confluence of two rivers, provided a natural setting where architecture would be viewed as an integral but subsidiary part of the scenic vista.[16] Known as 'Oxford on the Massawippi' for its architectural style, the campus is significantly influenced by the Gothic Revival period and is home to some of Quebec's most historic buildings, including St. Mark's chapel.[17] Construction on campus began with "Old Arts" in 1846 and continues today with the University's most recent building, Paterson Hall, in 2003. The campus also provided the setting for the films Lost and Delirious (2001)[18] and The Covenant (2006).[19]

McGreer Hall

McGreer Hall

McGreer Hall is named in honour of Arthur Huffman McGreer (1883–1947), Principal from 1922 to 1947. The original hall was constructed in 1846; the Lodge was added in 1847 as a residence for the Principal. In 1876 the central block was gutted by fire. It was rebuilt, and enlarged in 1898 with the extension of the third floor and the addition of the central tower. In 1909 the Library wing was added.

Bishop Williams Hall

The Bishop Williams Hall is a lecture and presentation hall; it was originally built in 1891. Funds for its construction were raised by BCS old boys, who wanted to mark the 25th anniversary of the consecration of Bishop James William Williams, a former headmaster of the college and 4th Anglican bishop of Québec. The hall was destroyed by fire later the same, and rebuilt in 1892.

Bandeen Hall

Bandeen Hall was originally used as a gymnasium for undergraduates and for the boys of Bishop's College School. In 1950 the room was converted into a dining-hall for the Norton-Pollack residence complex. After 1971 the room served as the undergraduate Pub, and for a time housed temporary studios for the Fine Arts departments of Champlain College and the University.

In 1990, funds raised by the Learning for Life campaign were used to convert the area into a concert hall; it was named for the late Robert A. Bandeen, a former Chancellor of the University, and his wife, Mona Blair Bandeen.

Centennial Theatre

Centennial Theatre opened as a performing arts centre in 1967, with a mandate to provide a theatrical and cultural platform for English-speaking residents in the Eastern Townships. The theatre combines the wide auditorium style of a Greek amphitheatre with an Italian stage house, with proscenium and flies. It has seating for 549.

In 1974, the theatre hosted a series of cultural events, including classical music, dance, mime, theatre and jazz performances. Beginning in 1989, film series were added.

Old Library and Archives

Old Library

This building was added to McGreer Hall in 1909, and served as the University Library. In the 1970s it was divided into two floors, the wooden ceiling covered by tiles, and became office space. The library wing was restored to its original design in time for the Sesquicentennial celebrations in 1993-1994.

The Old Library houses the collections of the University Archives and the Eastern Townships Research Centre, including books, genealogical information, documents, photographs, postcards, maps, plans, and audio-visual material.[20] The room also hosts lectures, receptions, special events, and quiet study.

John Bassett Memorial Library

The John Bassett Memorial Library provides study and research support for the students and faculty of both Bishop's University and Champlain College, Lennoxville Campus. The present building, built in 1959, and expanded in 1970 and 1990, accommodates over 610 users, with seminar rooms for group study. The Library's holdings are over 598,000 items, including books, microforms, and audio-visual materials, as well as those of the approximately 19,550 periodical titles including online periodicals, are accessed through the online catalogue BORIS (Bishop's Online Retrieval and Information System). Research and study are further supported by collections of Canadian Government documents, and Maps. In-house resources are augmented by an Inter-Library Loan network.

Art Gallery

Bishop's University houses the Foreman Art Gallery, which exhibits contemporary and historical painting, sculpture, mixed media, installation, video and films by students, faculty, Canadian and international artists. Hung throughout the buildings on campus, the collection consists of 150 works, many by 19th- and 20th-century Canadian artists.[21]

Nicolls Building

Observatory of the university

The Nicolls Building is named in honour of the Reverend Jasper Hume Nicolls (1818–1877). Located on the roof of the Nicolls building, the observatory is a very recent addition to Bishop's University. The observatory houses a Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope and is also open to the public.[22]

Old Lennoxville Golf Club

Old Lennoxville Golf Club

The Bishop's campus uniquely features a golf course and club: The Old Lennoxville Golf Club. The club was founded by the University and was chartered by the Royal Canadian Golf Association in 1897. The course remains one of the oldest in Canada.[23]

St. Mark's Chapel

St. Mark’s Chapel was built in the Perpendicular Gothic style, and was consecrated in 1857 by George Jehoshaphat Mountain. It was almost completely destroyed by fire in 1891, and rebuilt on the same site, and fitted with ash furniture, panelling and wood sculptures by the Sherbrooke cabinet-making firm of George Long and his assistant, Georges Bélanger. St. Mark's Chapel was declared Cultural Property by the Quebec Ministere des Affaires culturelles in 1989.

Student societies

Bishop's University has 1 Sorority, 1 Women's Fraternity, and 2 Fraternity.

School spirit

Students are known for their strong affinity towards the university especially during sports games.[citation needed] A popular spot for social gatherings is the on-campus bar The Gait.

Athletics

Canada's BU

The Bishop's University teams are known as the Bishop's Gaiters and compete in the CIS. Although their logo and mascot suggest the term stems from the word alligator, "Gaiter" actually refers to a leg covering worn by Anglican bishops up until the middle of the 20th century. The Gaiters are represented by seven varsity teams (Football, Men's & Women's Basketball, Men's & Women's Rugby, Women's Soccer, and Golf) and four club teams (Men's Lacrosse, Women's Hockey, Men's Hockey, Men's Soccer). The Bishop's Gaiters have a long history with the university. The early days were marked by massive participation in team sports such as cricket and football. Rugby football began in 1888 and Canadian football was a budding varsity sport by the 1930s. The Gaiters football team's home stadium is Coulter Field which is also used as a practice facility by the Montreal Alouettes of the Canadian Football League.

In football, the Gaiters have made five appearances in CIS semifinal bowls, most recently the 1994 Churchill Bowl. In basketball, the Gaiters won women's national championships in 1982-83 and 1983–84 and the men's national championship in 1997-98. For both genders, the Gaiters are the last Quebec-based school to win a national championship.

There are currently nine former Bishop's football players in the CFL: Adrian Clarke,[24] Stephen Adekolu,[24] Shawn Gore,[24] Jamall Lee, James Yurichuk, Dan McCullough, Tim Cronk (all with the British Columbia Lions), Junior Turner, Justin Conn (both with the Calgary Stampeders), Mathieu Boulay (Winnipeg Blue Bombers), and Kyle Jones (Hamilton Tiger-Cats).

School song

At both home and away athletic competitions, BU students can be heard singing their school fight song or alma mater. Bishop’s official school song, “Alma Mater,” was written in 1937 and continues to be a favorite. In 1964, however, the lyrics “Drink a toast to Bishop’s University” were written by John Piper, Douglas Tees, Ace Henderson and John Martland as part of the musical comedy, “The Grate Escape,” performed by the Bishop’s choir. The tune stuck and has become the beloved unofficial song of the university. In practice however, the second line of the second verse is changed to a more vulgar and humorous version.[25]

Charities

Bishop's University was registered as a charitable organization in Canada on 1967-01-01. The primary areas in which the charity is now carrying on programs to achieve its charitable purposes, ranked according to the percentage of time and resources devoted to each program area follow:

  • Universities and colleges 95%
  • Research (scientific, medical, environmental, etc.) 3%
  • Cultural programs, including heritage languages 1%

The charity carried on charitable programs to further its charitable purpose(s) (as defined in its governing documents) this fiscal period:

  • University education & research.
  • financial aid (scholarships & bursaries) to Bishop's University students
  • cultural programs and community outreach.[26]

Bishop's University Foundation 118810787RR0001 was registered as a charitable organization in Canada on 1971-05-11. The primary areas in which the charity is now carrying on programs to achieve its charitable purposes, ranked according to the percentage of time and resources devoted to each program area follow:

  • Universities and colleges 100%

The charity carried on charitable programs to further its charitable purpose(s) (as defined in its governing documents) this fiscal period:

  • assist Bishop's University in its educational, athletic, scholarship and research programs.[26]

Legacy

On 28 January 2003, Canada Post issued the Bishop's University, 1853-2003 stamp as part of its Canadian Universities series. Based on a photograph by Guy Lavigueur and designed by Denis L'Allier, the 48¢ stamps are perforated 13.5 and printed by the Canadian Bank Note Company.[27]

Chancellors of Bishop’s University

Principals of Bishop's University

Notable former students and alumni

See also

References

  1. ^ Bishop's University. "BU at a glance". Retrieved 2008-05-16. 
  2. ^ "Bishop's University School Facilities". Peterson's. Retrieved 2011-10-26. 
  3. ^ a b c Bishop's University. "BU Facts and Figures". Retrieved 2013-09-14. 
  4. ^ a b .Where is the link?
  5. ^ Research Collections in Canadian Libraries. National Library of Canada; 1972. p. 3.
  6. ^ a b "Bishop's University". The Canadian Encyclopedia Archived August 21, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ The Project Gutenberg EBook #6466 of 'The Intellectual Development of the Canadian People, A Historical Review' by John George Bourinot, House of Commons, Ottawa, February 17th, 1881
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ a b c Bishop's University
  10. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-08-21. Retrieved 2012-07-27. 
  11. ^ https://www.ubishops.ca/research/spin-off.htm
  12. ^ Bishop's University - Research Office - Strategic Research Plan
  13. ^ https://www.ubishops.ca/phwbcluster/
  14. ^ "Member Schools". Network of International Business Schools (NIBS). 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  15. ^ a b c "Williams School of Business". Bishop's University. 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  16. ^ Anna M. Grant, A Portrait of Bishop's University (Lennoxville: Bishop's University, 1994), p.14
  17. ^ MacLeans 2009 Guide to Canadian Universities, p.82.
  18. ^ Lost and Delirious (2001) - Filming locations
  19. ^ The Covenant (2006) - Filming locations
  20. ^ Eastern Townships Research Centre
  21. ^ Foreman Art Gallery
  22. ^ "BU Observatory". Physics.ubishops.ca. 2006-10-28. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  23. ^ "Club de Golf Lennoxville — History". Ubishops.ca. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  24. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-12. Retrieved 2008-12-02. 
  25. ^ Raise a toast!
  26. ^ a b http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/chrts-gvng/lstngs/menu-eng.html Canada Revenue Agency Charities listing
  27. ^ Canada Post 'Bishop's University, 1853-2003'

Further reading

  • Grant, Anna M. (ed.) (1993). A Portrait of Bishop's University: 1843-1993. Lennoxville: Bishop's University.
  • Masters, Donald C. (1950). Bishop's University: The First Hundred Years. Toronto: Clarke, Irwin.
  • Milner, Elizabeth H. (1985). Bishop's Medical Faculty, 1871–1905. Sherbrooke: Rene Prince.
  • Nicholl, Christopher (1994). Bishop's University, 1843–1970. Montreal: McGill-Queen's. ISBN 9780773564664. 

External links

  • Historical Timeline
  • Bishop's University
  • Bishop's Gaiters
  • Foreman Art Gallery
  • The Campus Student Newspaper
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