Neottia nidus-avis

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Bird's-nest orchid
Neottia nidus-avis - Pruunikas pesajuur Keila.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Genus: Neottia
Species: N. nidus-avis
Binomial name
Neottia nidus-avis
(L.) Rich.
  • Ophrys nidus-avis L.
  • Epipactis nidus-avis (L.) Crantz
  • Listera nidus-avis (L.) Curtis
  • Helleborine nidus-avis (L.) F.W.Schmidt
  • Malaxis nidus-avis (L.) Bernh.
  • Serapias nidus-avis (L.) Steud.
  • Neottidium nidus-avis (L.) Schltdl.
  • Distomaea nidus-avis (L.) Spenn.
  • Helleborine succulenta F.W.Schmidt
  • Neottia macrostelis Peterm.
  • Neottia squamosa Dulac
  • Neottia orobanchoidea St.-Lag.
  • Neottia nidus-avis f. glandulosa Beck
  • Neottia nidus-avis f. dilatata Zapal.
  • Neottia nidus-avis f. micrantha Zapal.

Neottia nidus-avis, the bird's-nest orchid, is a non-photosynthetic orchid. It is widespread across most of Europe, occurring also in Algeria, Tunisia, western Siberia, the Caucasus, Iran and Turkey. [1] (Codes) [2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

In the British Isles, Neottia nidus-avis is found in shady woodland, especially beech, on basic soils.[10]


  1. ^ a b "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". 
  2. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families TDWG Geocodes" (PDF). 
  3. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Nido d'uccello, Bird's Nest Orchid, Neottia nidus-avis (L.) L.C. Rich. - Nomencl. ref.: De Orchid. Eur.: 37. 1817 includes European range map
  4. ^ Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2005). Flora Iberica 21: 1-366. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  5. ^ Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  6. ^ Curtis, T. & Thompson, R. (2009). The orchids of Ireland: 1-160. National Museums of Northern Ireland, Cultra, Holywood.
  7. ^ Vázquez Pardo, F.M. (2009). Revisión de la familia Orchidaceae en Extremadura (España). Folia Botanica Extremadurensis 3: 1-367.
  8. ^ Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  9. ^ El Mokni, R., Mahmoudi, M.R. & El Aouni, M.H. (2010). Neottia nidus-avis (L.) L.C.M.Rich.: une nouvelle orchidée pour la flore de la Tunisie. L' Orchidophile. Revue de la Société Française d' Orchidophilie 186: 181-187.
  10. ^ Clive A. Stace (2010). "Neottia Guett. (Listera R. Br.) – twayblades". New Flora of the British Isles (3rd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 864–865. ISBN 978-0-521-70772-5. 

External links

  • Media related to Neottia nidus-avis at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Neottia nidus-avis at Wikispecies
  • Neottia nidus-avis at the Encyclopedia of Life
  • Den virtuella floran - Distribution Note Neottia nidus-avis var. manshurica Kom., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 20: 528 (1901) is a synonym of the accepted name Neottia papilligera Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 356 (1920).
  • NatureGate, Bird's Nest Orchid, Neottia nidus-avis
  • First Nature, Neottia nidus-avis - Bird's-nest Orchid - (Orchidaceae)
  • Storczykowate: Gnieźnik leśny / Neottia nidus-avis video on Neottia nidus-avis; no dialogue, only photos of the plant plus some music

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