Biographical dictionary

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A biographical dictionary is a type of encyclopedic dictionary limited to biographical information. Many attempt to cover the major personalities of a country (with limitations, such as living persons only, in Who's Who, or deceased people only, in the Dictionary of National Biography). Others are specialized, in that they cover important names in a subject field, such as architecture or engineering.

History

The genre of biographical dictionaries is a "unique product of Arab Muslim culture".[1] The earliest extant example of the biographical dictionary dates from 9th-century Iraq, and by the 16th-century it was a firmly established and well-respected form of historical writing.[2] They contain more social data for a large segment of the population than that found in any other pre-industrial society. The earliest biographical dictionaries initially focused on the lives of the prophets of Islam and their companions, with one of the earliest examples being The Book of The Major Classes by Ibn Sa'd al-Baghdadi, and then began documenting the lives of many other historical figures (from rulers to scholars) who lived in the medieval Islamic world.[3]

See also

References and sources

References

  1. ^ Khalidi, Tarif (January 1973). "ISLAMIC BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARIES: A PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT". The Muslim World. 63 (1): 53–65. doi:10.1111/j.1478-1913.1973.tb03104.x. 
  2. ^ Scalenghe, Sara (2014). "Introduction". Disability in the Ottoman Arab World, 1500-1800. Loyola University Maryland. p. 16. ISBN 1107622794. 
  3. ^ Josef W. Meri (2005), Medieval Islamic civilization: an encyclopedia, 2, Routledge, p. 110, ISBN 0-415-96690-6 

Sources

  • "Biographical dictionaries" University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Biographical_dictionary&oldid=762309569"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biographical_dictionary
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Biographical dictionary"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA