Bidhannagar

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Bidhannagar
Salt lake City
Satellite City and Neighbourhood of Kolkata
The skyline of Bidhannagar's IT hub, Sector V.
The skyline of Bidhannagar's IT hub, Sector V.
Bidhannagar is located in Kolkata
Bidhannagar
Bidhannagar
Location in Kolkata
Coordinates: 22°35′N 88°25′E / 22.58°N 88.42°E / 22.58; 88.42Coordinates: 22°35′N 88°25′E / 22.58°N 88.42°E / 22.58; 88.42
Country India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas district
City Kolkata
Founded by Siraj-Ud-Daulah, Bidhan Chandra Roy
Named for Bidhan Chandra Roy
Government
 • Body Bidhan Nagar Municipal Corporation
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 218,323
 • Density 15,590/km2 (40,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registration WB-07(Commercial Vehicles), WB-08(Private Vehicles)
Lok Sabha constituency

Barasat

Dum Dum
Vidhan Sabha constituency

Bidhannagar Rajarhat Gopalpur

Rajarhat New Town
Website bmcwbgov.in

Bidhannagar or Salt Lake City as it is popularly called, is a planned satellite town in the Indian state of West Bengal. It was developed between 1958 and 1965 to accommodate the burgeoning population of Kolkata.

Demographics

At the 2011 census, Bidhannagar had a population of 218,323 (Males 111,363; Females 106,960). Bidhannagar has an average literacy rate of 90.44% (higher than the national average of 74%),[1] with male literacy of 93.08% and female literacy of 87.69%.[2]

The city has the second highest proportion of graduates in the country (30.6 per cent), only after Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar, also known as Mohali, which has 34.4 per cent of its population as graduates. [1]

Geography

An example of the many wetlands and lakes that still surround Bidhannagar.

Bidhannagar is located at 22°35′N 88°25′E / 22.58°N 88.42°E / 22.58; 88.42.[3] It has an average elevation of 11 metres (49 ft).

Administration

History of Civic Administration

Bidhannagar was originally developed and built under the direct administration of the Irrigation and Waterways Department of the Government of West Bengal. Originally, it came under the Public Works (Metropolitan Development) Department. It then came under the wings of Metropolitan Development Department which was renamed the Urban Development Department in 1991. In 1989, a Notified Area Authority had been set up to administer the area.

Present

Ultimately in 1995, Bidhannagar got its own elected body called Bidhannagar Municipality consisting of 23 wards (later increased to 25 wards). All the plots of land in Bidhanannagar are leasehold plots and the Urban Development Department (the Lessor) directly manages the land matters. The proposal for merger of Bidhannagar corporation with the Kolkata Municipal Corporation has been periodically mooted since 2011.[4] Air Port, Rajarhat, Gopalpur, Baguiati, Kestopur, Salt Lake, Lake Town are already under the jurisdiction of the Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate. On 18 June 2015 Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation (BMC) was constituted by merging the existing municipal areas of Bidhannagar Municipality and Rajarhat Gopalpur Municipality and the panchayat area of Mahishbathan II Gram Panchayat.[5]

Police

The Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate is responsible for law enforcement in the city.

Colleges

Schools

Schools in Bidhannagar include the Hariyana Vidya Mandir, Bidhannagar Government High School, Bidhannagar Municipal School, a combined primary and high school and a branch of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, named Bhavan's Gangabux Kanoria Vidyamandir, Salt Lake School, Mother International School, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Education, Laban Hrad Vidyapith. Also there are two Kendriya Vidyalaya in Salt Lake viz. K.V. No. 1 and K.V. No. 2 Salt Lake.

Catholic schools include St. Joan's School, Our Lady Queen of the Missions School and St. Francis Xavier School.

References

  1. ^ "6. State of Literacy" (PDF). Census of India 2011. p. 98. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Census of India. 2011. p. 7. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bidhannagar
  4. ^ Will Bidhannagar be merged with KMC?
  5. ^ Govt nod to new police posts, civic bodies’ merger The new corporation will thus be named Bidhannagar-Rajarhat-Gopalpur Municipal Corporation

External links

  • Kolkata/East travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Bidhannagar Municipal Corporation
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