Bhatpara

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Bhatpara
City
Bhatpara is located in West Bengal
Bhatpara
Bhatpara
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°52′N 88°25′E / 22.87°N 88.41°E / 22.87; 88.41Coordinates: 22°52′N 88°25′E / 22.87°N 88.41°E / 22.87; 88.41
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Government
 • Municipality Chairman Arjun Singh [1]
Area
 • Total 34.69 km2 (13.39 sq mi)
Elevation 12 m (39 ft)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 386,019
 • Density 11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 743123, 743124, 743125, 743126, 743127, 743128, 743129
Telephone code (+91) 33
Lok Sabha constituency Barrackpore
Vidhan Sabha constituency Bhatpara, Jagatdal
Website bhatparamunicipality.in

Bhatpara is a city with a municipality in Barrackpore subdivision[2] in North 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal, India. It is a part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration.

Overview

Bhatpara is situated on the bank of Hooghly river. It is known for its rich traditions in the field of Sanskrit learning. The name 'Bhatpara' originates from the ancient name "Bhatta-Palli", where 'Bhatta' denotes the sect of Bramhin Sanskrit pandits and 'palli' denotes locality or village. It is one of the oldest municipalities in West Bengal and it was constituted a municipality in 1899, when it was separated from the Naihati municipality. In the British era and afterwards, it had become an important industrial hub on Hoogly river bank, mainly for the high density of jute processing plants.

Geography

Cities and towns in the northern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood, OG: outgrowth
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

Bhatpara is located at 22°52′N 88°25′E / 22.87°N 88.41°E / 22.87; 88.41.[3] It has an average elevation of 12 metres (39 feet). The main town is sandwiched between the Hoogly river in the east and railway track linking Sealdah and Krishnanagar in the west.

Bhatpara is bounded by Naihati and Dogachhia on the north, Panpur, Rambati, Mukundapur, Abhirampur, Keutia, Bidydharpur, Rahuta, Basudevpur and Gurdaha on the east, Kaugachhi, Garshyamnagar and Garulia on the south and the Hooghly on the west. Although not specifically spelled out, it is evident that localities such as Jagatdal, Kankinara, Shyamnagar, Authpur, Milangar and Sahebbagan are neighbourhoods in Bhatpara.[4]

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside; all places marked on the map are linked in the full-screen map) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2 The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[5]

For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.

Police station

Jagaddal police station under Barrackpore Police Commissionerate has jurisdiction over Bhatpara municipal area.[6][7]

Post Offices

Bhatpara has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 743123 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. The only other post office with the same PIN is Muktarpur.[8]

ESD M, a delivery sub post office in the Jagatdal area has PIN 743124 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. There is no other post office with the same PIN.[9]

Jagatdal has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 743125 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. Other post offices with the same PIN are Golghat and Gupter Bagan.[10]

Kankinara has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 743126 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. Other post office with the same PIN are Keotia, Kushdanga, Madral, Narayanpur and Padmalavapur.[11]

While Shyamnagar has a delivery sub post office Mulajore has a non-delivery sub post office, both with PIN 743127 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. Other post offices with the same PIN are Kowgachhi, Paltapara, Feeder Road, Gurdah, Mondalpara and Purbabidhyadharpur.[12]

Athpur has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 743128 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. There is no other post office with the same PIN.[13]

Fingapara has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 743129 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. There is no other post office with the same PIN.[13]

Weather

Bhatpara has hot and humid summer and dry winter, typical of West Bengal. The rainy season is typically from mid-July to mid- or late October. Average temperature during summer can go as high as 38 degree Celsius and in winter the mercury plunges to below 10 degree Celsius. Humidity, in the time of summer, is often above 90% and is the primary reason of discomfort.

Demographics

Population

Population of Bhatpara 
Census Pop.
1901 21,540
1911 50,414 134.0%
1921 65,609 30.1%
1931 84,975 29.5%
1941 117,044 37.7%
1951 134,916 15.3%
1961 147,630 9.4%
1971 204,750 38.7%
1981 265,419 29.6%
1991 315,976 19.0%
2001 444,655 40.7%
2011 386,019 -13.2%
Source:[14]


As per the 2011 Census of India, Bhatpara (municipal area + outgrowth) had a total population of 386,019, of which 204,539 (53%) were males and 181,480 (47%) were females. Population below 6 years was 35,5141. The total number of literates in Bhatpara was 297,161 (84.78% of the population over 6 years).[15]

As of 2001 India census,[16] Bhatpara had a population of 441,956. Males constituted 55% of the population and females 45%. Bhatpara had an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 78% and female literacy of 66%. 9% of the population was under 6 years of age.

Migrants

The jute mills drew in a large labour force from the neighbouring states of Bihar and Odisha, as well as eastern Uttar Pradesh, quite often forming an overwhelming majority of the population in the area, living in shanty towns and slums dotting the jute mill area of Kankinara.[17]

The educated, middle-income, and predominantly Bengali populace lives in the old town area.

According to a study carried out by Vidyasagar University, "Most of these industrial units were located in riverine towns. A few of these were old towns inhabited previously by middle class Bengali 'babus' while others were new towns grown out of agricultural lands... Agriculture in Bengal was more remunerative than work in the jute mills but what the jute mills paid was enough to attract labour from Bihar, Orissa, U.P. first and then from C.P. or even Madras...The industrial 'mohallas' remained as 'ghettos'. There was little or no interconnection or social and cultural contact between local Bengali population and the mill hands. Both lived in their own worlds."[18]

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[19]

Infrastructure

As per the District Census Handbook 2011, Bhatpara (municipality + outgrowth) covered an area of 34.69 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had 60 km of roads and both open and closed drains. Amongst the medical facilities It had 32 dispensaries/ health centres, 1 veterinary hospital, 5 charitable hospitals/ nursing homes and 32 medicine shops. Amongst the educational facilities It had 195 primary schools, 11 middle schools, 24 secondary schools, 21 senior secondary schools, 17 non-formal education centres and 1 special school for disabled. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 4 auditorium/ community halls, 23 cinema/theatres, 10 public libraries and 10 reading rooms. Amongst the commodities manufactured were jute, tyre and battery. It had 6 bank branches.[20]

According to the Barrackpore administration, amongst the educational facilitites at Bhatpara are 135 primary schools, 10 secondary schools and 35 higher secondary schools. Amongst the other facilities are 11 makets, 3 ferry ghats, 2 cinema halls, 2 auditoriums, 10 play grounds and 2 burning ghats. 27,932 houses had water connections and there were 4,950 street taps.[21]

See also Cities and towns in Barrackpore subdivision

Economy

Industry

Earlier, a significant portion of population was engaged in some form of job in the local jute mills. Economic instability related to jute industry in West Bengal forced many of these mills to be shut down. A large number of people of Bhatpara commute to Kolkata for work and a few are engaged in small personal businesses within the locality. A significant number of people have also moved out of Bhatpara. (see the Demographics section for the rather dramatic tell-tale data).

  • The Titagarh Paper Mills were set up at Titagarh and Kakinara in 1882.[22] As of 2017, Titaghur Paper Mills Co. Ltd. is in the process of striking off.[23]
  • Nafar Chandra Jute Mills Ltd. was established in 1935 and was recorded as active in 2017.[24] Howevever, it has been going through bad patches. Nafar Chandra Jute Mill was shut down in 2006, rendering around 6,000 workers jobless. Again in 2015, both Nafar Chandra and Kankinara Jute Mills shut down rendering a total of around 9,000 workers jobless.[25][26]
  • Kanknarrah Company Limited was established in 1882 and its jute mill at Kankinarah started producing in 1883. Jardine Henderson were the managing agents. The company was acquired by B.C.Jain Group in 1988.[27] Kankinara Jute Mill suspended work in 2006 and reopened in 2007.[28][29] Again in 2015, both Nafar Chandra and Kankinara Jute Mills shut down rendering a total of around 9,000 workers jobless.[26]
  • Alexandra Jute Mill, under National Jute Manufactures Corporation Limited at Jagatdal is a closed mill.[30] It was closed in 2002.[31]
  • Meghna Jute Mill is closed.[32]

There are a number of jute mills in the Bhatpara area (Jagatdal, Kankinara and Shyamnagar) listed by the Jute Commissioner: Alliance Mills, Anglo-India Jute and Textile Industries, Auckland Jute Mill, Jagatdal Jute & Industries, Reliance Jute Mills, Shree Gourishankar Jute Mill and Waverly Jute Mill. These mills are not declared as closed[33] but they do not seem to be in operation. Information about these mills is not readily available.

KMDA

Bhatpara municipality is included in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area for which the KMDA is the statutory planning and development authority.[34][35]

Transport

State Highway 1 (locally known as Ghoshpara Road) passes through Bhatpara.[36] Public transport includes auto rickshaws running between Naihati and Bhatpara, cycle rickshaws, and bus service (routes 85, 87A, JM8).

Bhatpara is served by three railway stations on the Sealdah-Ranaghat line. Shyamnagar railway station is 30.2 km from Sealdah railway station, Jagadal railway station is 33.2 km and Kankinara railway station is 35.1 km.[37][36] The railway links are part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system. It is approximately a one-hour train journey from Kolkata to Bhatpara.

It also has boat services to the other bank of Hooghly river, connecting it to Chinsura and Chandannagar.

Commuters

Around a total of 32 lakh people from all around the city commute to Kolkata daily for work. In the Sealdah-Krishnanagar section there are 34 trains that carry commuters from 30 railway stations. In the Seadah-Shantipur section 32 trains carry commuters from 29 stations.[38]

Education

Earlier, Bhatpara was renowned for its Sanskrit erudition. As for example, Srijib Nayatirtha (1893–1992) was a famous Sanskrit scholar and recipient of several fellowships and awards (including President's Honor). He was a Professor of Calcutta and Jadavpur Universities. Much of that ancient tradition has faded. However, modern educational practices are upheld by several high schools such as Kendriya Vidyalaya Kankinara,Kankinara Arya Vidyalaya, Bhatpara Amar Krishna Pathsala, Bhatpara High School, Bhatpara Central Girls' School, Taraknath Balika Bidyamandir, Himayat-ul-Gurba High school, Chasm-i-Rahamat High School, Kankinara High School, Katadanga North Janata Arya Vidyalaya, Rajlaxmi Balika Vidyalaya.

According to the official website of Barrackpore sub-division,[39] there are 34 higher-secondary, 10 secondary, and 135 primary schools within the jurisdiction of Bhatpara municipality (although not all of them are situated in the main town).

Although Bhatpara does not have any college within its territorial boundary, colleges in nearby Naihati and Barrackpore provide access to higher education for the youth of Bhatpara, Kankinara and Jagatdal. Many students go to Kolkata for university and technical education. Some also go to Kalyani because of there being an ITI college for technical education.

Sports and culture

There are few play-fields in Bhatpara such as Barwari math, Sabuj Sangha math, Shatadal Math, A.K. Pathshala play ground etc. Bhatpara Young Men's Association (BYMA) and Kishore Bahini are few organisations which promote sports and recreational activities such as cricket, football, gymnastics, bodybuilding (Bhatpara Bayam Samiti, Salpasoy Club, Olympus, Shatadal Bayam Samiti Club) etc.

Historically Bhatpara is famous as the abode of prominent Sanskrit pundits and as a seat of learning of ancient Hindu shastra and Vedic texts. That aspect of culture has diminished over the time and has been replaced by more diverse modern day culture. Bhatpara is famous for its Durgapuja. Although, family-based pujas were more common a few decades ago, it has become a community-centric affair in modern times. The youth communities or clubs(amara kojon type) organise these pujas and due to sheer number of these clubs, one can find over fifty pujas being arranged within a square kilometre of area. Under Bhatpara Municipality Kankinara is famous for Ganesh Chaturthi and Chatth puja.It is famous for traditional cloths like Punjabi, Sherwani, indo-western dress, and Priti Punjabi Museum is a famous shop for collection of this traditional cloths in Bhatpara and Kankinara.

Sahitya Mandir is a West Bengal Government registered and state-funded public library well equipped with large number of books and periodicals.

Places of interest

Rupdas Babur Ghat

One of the oldest ghats, it belongs to the Mukherjee family. Since almost 100 years back Radhakanta Mukherjee built the ghat on 1908 and dedicated it to his father Late Rupdas Mukherjee on the bank of River Ganga. Apart from that there is a Ganga-nasi Ghar (for Antorjali Jatra), Rupeswar Shiv Mandir. The family carries on with their traditional Ratha Jatra which was started in the year of 1912.

Bhatpara Gure Bari

It is one of the oldest zamindari houses of Bhatpara where an age old Durga Puja is celebrated.

Balaram Sarkar Ghat

It is a ghat beside Ganges.

Panch Mukhi Hanuman Mandir

Just 200 metres from Kankinara Bazar towards the Kankinara Ghat The Panch Mukhi Hanuman mandir is there and it is one of the best temple in Bhatpara. The evening Arti of lord Hanuman is also famous.

Bhatpara Kali Temple

It is a temple in this locality, beside the Ganga river and the ghat named Balaram Sarkar Ghat.

Panchmandir

It is a complex of five temples constructed nearly 400 years ago. Each of the temples were funded by different well established families of the upper class.Some portions of these temples were decorated with terracotta art.

Aat goli

"Aat Goli"(আট গলি= Eight Alleys/Lanes) is an amalgamation of eight different back-alleys connected during municipal renovations. It is famous for being extremely narrow and having eight near exact 90 degree turns, meandering between 2-storied buildings like a narrow stream through mountains. It connects the "Shetala Mandir" to the Barowari Math.

Madrail Hanuman Mandir (Madral Mahaveer Mandir)

It is one of the best temple of Kankinara to visit. The Idol of god is in lying position, situated at 10 feet below the surface .This temple is located 2.5 km from Kankinara railway station. Along with this a Shiva temple is also situated nearby to it. Vaishnav, Kali, and Vishwakarma temples are also situeted nearby to this temple. These temples are required to be renovated.

Healthcare

Bhatpara State General Hospital functions with 119 beds and Bhatpara Matri Mangal Pratisthan has 15 beds. Kakinara has a primary health centre with 6 beds.[40]

References

  1. ^ Bhatpara Municipality
  2. ^ District-wise list of statutory towns Archived August 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. and North 24 Parganas District official site Archived January 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bhatpara
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Barrackpore I CD Block on Page 365. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 21 June 2018. 
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  7. ^ "Barrackpore Police Commissionerate". List of Police Stations with telephone numbers. West Bengal Police. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  8. ^ "Bhatpara PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  9. ^ "ESD M PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  10. ^ "Jagatdal PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  11. ^ "Kankinara PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  12. ^ "Shyamnagar North 24 Parganas PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  13. ^ a b "Athpur PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  14. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  15. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  16. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008. 
  17. ^ Goswami, Onkar, Calcutta’s Economy 1918-1970 The fall from Grace in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol II, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p 90, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
  18. ^ Basu, Nirban. "Industrialisation and Emergence of Labour Force in Bengal during The Colonial Period: Its Socio-Economic Impact" (PDF). Vidyasagar University Journal of History, Vol 1, 2012-13. Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  19. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  20. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803; Statement II: Physical Aspects and Location of Towns, Pages 791-794; Statement III: Civic and other Amenities, Pages 795-796; Statement IV: Medical Facilities 2009, Pages 803-805 Section: Educational, Recreational and Cultural Facilities. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  21. ^ "Bhatpara Municipality". Barrackpore administration. Retrieved 24 June 2018. 
  22. ^ "History of Paper Technology in India". Retrieved 17 May 2015. 
  23. ^ "Titaghur Paper Mills Co. Ltd". Zauba Corp. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  24. ^ "Nafar Chandra Jute Mills Ltd". Zauba Corp. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  25. ^ "Union leaders face wrath". The Telegraph, 21 May 2006. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  26. ^ a b "2 Jute mills stop work". 2 May 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  27. ^ "Kanknarrah Company Limited". World Jute.Com. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  28. ^ "Suspension of Work in Kankinara Jute Mill". One India 20 May 2006. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  29. ^ "Jute Mill reopened after agreement between labour". One India 11 June 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  30. ^ "The Jute and Textile Industry" (PDF). Page 10. Textile Ministry. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  31. ^ "Mills under suspension of work as on 26 June 2009". Jute Comissioner, Government of India. Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
  32. ^ "Lock-out Land". The Telegraph, 12 May 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2018. 
  33. ^ "Indian Jute Mills". Locations. Jute Commissioner, Ministry of Tetlies. Retrieved 13 July 2018. 
  34. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authoity, Annual Report 2010-11". 1/1 Kolkata Metropolitan Area Map. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  35. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority, Annual Report 2010-11". 1 / 2 Role of KMDA. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  36. ^ a b Google maps
  37. ^ "31311 Sealdah-Kalyani Simanta Local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 24 June 2018. 
  38. ^ Dey, Teesta. "The Suburban Railway Network of Kolkata: A Geographical Apprisal" (PDF). eTraverse, the Indian journal of spatial science, 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2018. 
  39. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-12-11. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  40. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 24 June 2018. 

External links

  • Bhatpara Municipality official website
  • Kolkata/Northern fringes travel guide from Wikivoyage
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