Bharata (Ramayana)

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Bharata asks for Rama's paduka (footwear)
Devanagari भरत
Sanskrit transliteration Bharata
Personal information
Consort Mandavi
Children Taksha
Siblings Rama, Lakshmana, Shatrughna (half-brothers) Shanta (half-sister)
Dynasty Raghuvamsa

Bharata (/ˈbərətə/; Sanskrit: भरत, IAST: Bharata) is a Hindu deity depicted in the epic poem, Ramayana. According to the poem Bharata was the younger brother of Lord Rama. Ramayana holds Bharata as a symbol of dharma and idealism.

According to the Ramayana, Rama is the seventh avatar of Vishnu while Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna are considered as part-incarnations of Sheshanaga, Sudarshana Chakra and Shankha, respectively.[2]


Bharatá is a Vedic Sanskrit word. Monier Monier-Williams states that it means "to be or being maintained."[3]

Role in the Ramayana

Bharata fainted during his father Dasratha's cremation

In the Ramayana Bharata, the eldest son of Dasharatha and Kakeyi and half-brother of Rama, served as the king of Ayodhya as a sage for the 14 years of Rama, Sita and Lakshman's exile. He also attempted to bring Rama back to Ayodhya after his family sage Vashisht advises him to ascend the throne. After 11,000 years of Rama's rule, Bharata also merges with Rama's Mahavishnu form followed by Shatrughana.


  1. ^ Ramayana - Conclusion, translated by Romesh C. Dutt (1899)
  2. ^ Naidu, S. Shankar Raju; Kampar, Tulasīdāsa (1971). A comparative study of Kamba Ramayanam and Tulasi Ramayan. Shank. University of Madras. pp. 44,148. Retrieved 2009-12-21. 
  3. ^ Monier Monier-Williams, भरत, Sanskrit English Dictionary with Etymology, Oxford University Press, page 747

See also

Genealogy of Rama


External links

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