Bhagawangola II

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Bhagawangola II
Bhagabangola II
Community development block
Bhagawangola II is located in West Bengal
Bhagawangola II
Bhagawangola II
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 24°18′32″N 88°21′29″E / 24.309°N 88.358°E / 24.309; 88.358Coordinates: 24°18′32″N 88°21′29″E / 24.309°N 88.358°E / 24.309; 88.358
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Murshidabad
Area
 • Total 149.59 km2 (57.76 sq mi)
Elevation 24 m (79 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 158,024
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates 84,512 (53.58%)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 742135 (Bhagwangola)
Telephone/STD code 03482
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-57, WB-58
Lok Sabha constituency Murshidabad
Vidhan Sabha constituency Bhagabangola
Website murshidabad.gov.in
CD Block

Bhagawangola II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Lalbag subdivision of Murshidabad district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Overview

Bhagawangola II CD Block lies in the Jalangi-Bhagirathi Interfluve physiographic region in Murshidabad district. The Bhagirathi River splits the district into two natural physiographic regions – Rarh on the west and Bagri on the east. The Padma River separates Murshidabad district from Malda district and Chapai Nawabganj and Rajshahi districts of Bangladesh in the north. It is a low-lying area having alluvial soil pattern.[1][2]

Geography

Nashipur is located at 24°18′32″N 88°21′29″E / 24.309°N 88.358°E / 24.309; 88.358

Bhagawangola II CD Block is bounded by Godagari and Paba upazilas in Rajshahi District of Bangladesh, across the Padma, in the north, Raninagar II CD Block in the east, Murshidabad-Jiaganj and Raninagar I CD Blocks in the south and Bhagawangola I CD Block in the west.[3]

Murshidabad district has a 125.35 km long international border with Bangladesh of which 42.35 km is on land and the remaining is riverine. There are 9 blocks – Samserganj, Suti I, Suti II, Raghunathganj II, Lalgola, Bhagawangola I, Bhagawangola II, Raninagar II and Jalangi - along the Bangladesh-India border.[4]

The Bagri or the eastern part of the district is a low lying alluvial plain with the shape of an isosceles triangle. The Ganges/Padma and the Bhagirathi form the two equal sides; the Jalangi forms the entire base; other offshoots of the Ganges meander within the area. It is liable to be flooded by the spill of the Bhagirathi and other rivers. The main rivers of this region are Bhairab, Jalangi, Chhoto Bhairab, Sialmari and Gobra Nala. All these rivers are distributaries of the main branch of the Ganges. The rivers are in their decaying stages.[5]

A major problem is river bank erosion. As of 2013, an estimated 2.4 million people resided along the banks of the Ganges alone in Murshidabad district. Between 1931 and 1977, 26,769 hectares have been eroded and many villages have been fully submerged. 1980-1990 was a decade of erosion for this district and during the decade Giria, Sekhalipur, Khejustala, Mithipur, Fajilpur, Rajapur, Akheriganj, Parashpur villages were badly affected. Many families living along the Ganges continue to be affected. As for example, in 2007, severe erosion occurred in Lalgola, Bhagawangola II, Farakka and Raninnagar II CD Blocks. In 2008, 1,245 families were affected in Lalgola, Bhagawangola I and Bhagawangola II CD Blocks.[5]

Bhagawangola II CD Block has an area of 175.26 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 6 gram panchayats, 96 gram sansads (village councils), 71 mouzas and 56 inhabited villages. Ranitala police station serves this block.[6]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Nasipur.[7]

It is located 30 km from Baharampur, the district headquarters.[3]

Gram panchayats in Bhagawangola II block/ panchayat samiti are: Akheriganj, Amdahara, Baligram, Karibona, Nashipore and Saralpore.[8]

Demographics

Population

As per 2011 Census of India Bhagawangola II CD Block had a total population of 158,024, all of which were rural. There were 80,699 (51%) males and 77,325 (49%) females. Population below 6 years totalled 23,473. Scheduled Castes numbered 5,218 (3.30%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 45 (0.03%).[9]

As per 2001 census, Bhagawangola II block has a total population of 129,907, out of which 66,813 were males and 63,094 were females. Bhagawangola II block registered a population growth of 17.83 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 23.70 per cent.[10]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[11]

The decadal growth of population in Bhagawangola II CD Block in 2001-2011 was 21.65%.[12]

The decadal growth rate of population in Murshidabad district was as follows: 33.5% in 1951-61, 28.6% in 1961-71, 25.5% in 1971-81, 28.2% in 1981-91, 23.8% in 1991-2001 and 21.1% in 2001-11. [13]The decadal growth rate for West Bengal in 2001-11 was 13.93%.[14]

There are reports of Bangladeshi infiltrators entering Murshidabad district.[15][16]

Decadal Population Growth Rate (%)

5
10
15
20
25
30
1971-1981
1981-1991
1991-2001
2001-2011
  •   Bhagawagola II CD Block
  •   Murshidabad district
  •   West Bengal

Sources: [17][18][19][20][21][22]

Villages

Large villages in Bhagwangola II CD Block were (2011 population figures in brackets): Amdahara Haziganj (4,281), Nasipur (25,644), Khamar Diar (8,385), Sankarpur (4,346), Khagjana (6,232), Kolan Radhakantapur (6,435), Bhandara (5,747), Benipur (5,167), Pukhuria (5,904) and Dakshin Sahar (7,849).[9]

Literacy

As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Bhagawangola II CD Block was 84,519 (62.82% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 43,035 (62.58% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 41,484 (63.06% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was -0.49%.[9]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion

In the 2001 census, Bengali was mother tongue of 98.3% of the population in Murshidabad district, followed by Santhali 0.8%, Hindi 0.4%, Telugu 0.2% and Urdu 0.1%.[23]

Religion in Bhagawangola II CD Block
Muslim
  
89.43%
Hindu
  
10.48%
Others
  
0.09%

In the 2011 census, Muslims numbered 141,317 and formed 89.43% of the population in Bhagawangola II CD Block. Hindus numbered 16,566 and formed 10.48% of the population. Others numbered 141 and formed 0.09% of the population. In Bhagawangola I and Bhagabangola II CD Blocks taken to-gether, while the proportion of Muslims increased from 82.02% in 1991 to 85.02% in 2001, the proporion of Hindus declined from 17.98% in 1991 to 14.80% in 2001.[24][25]

Murshidabad district, one of the three Muslim majority districts of West Bengal, had 4,707,573 Muslims who formed 66.27% of the population, 2,359,061 Hindus who formed 33.21% of the population, and 37, 173 persons belonging to other religions who formed 0.52% of the population, in the 2011 census. While the proportion of Muslim population in the district increased from 61.40% in 1991 to 63.67% in 2001, the proportion of Hindu population declined from 38.39% in 1991 to 35.92% in 2001.[24][26][27]

Murshidabad was the only Muslim majority district in West Bengal at the time of partition of India in 1947. The proportion of Muslims in the population of Murshidabad district in 1951 was 55.24%.[28][16]The Radcliffe Line had placed Muslim majority Murshidabad in India and the Hindu majority Khulna in Pakistan, in order to maintain the integrity of the Ganges river system In India.[29]

Rural poverty

According to India Today, writing about life in a Murshidabad village, : “National Sample Survey (NSS) data for 2009 accords the district the ignominious distinction of being India’s poorest, with an unbelieveable 56% of its population living below the ridiculously low Rs. 27 per capita per day poverty line recently proclaimed by the Planning Commission.”[30]

Economy

Livelihood

In Bhagawangola II CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators numbered 8,155 and formed 16.83%, agricultural labourers numbered 31,073 and formed 64.12%, household industry workers numbered 1,003 and formed 2.07% and other workers numberd 8,233 and formed 16.99%.[31]

Infrastructure

There are 56 inhabited villages in Bhagawangola II CD Block. 100% villages have power supply. 55 villages (98.21%) have drinking water supply. 10 villages (17.86%) have post offices. 54 villages (96.43%) have telephones (including landlines, public call offices and mobile phones). 24 villages (45.64%) have a pucca approach road and 16 villages (28.57%) have transport communication (includes bus service, rail facility and navigable waterways). 5 villages (8.93%) have agricultural credit societies and 8 villages (14.29%) have banks.[32]

Agriculture

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Bhagawangola II CD Block

  Bargadars (1.52%)
  Patta holders (10.97%)
  Small farmers (5.44%)
  Marginal farmers (24.33%)
  Agricultural labourers (57.74%)

From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[33]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Bhagawangola II CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 818 (1.52%), patta (document) holders 5,905 (10.97%), small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 2,927 (5.44%), marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 13,092 (24.33%) and agricultural labourers 31,073 (57.74%).[31]

Bhagawangola II CD Block had 110 fertiliser depots, 1 seed store and 33 fair price shops in 2013-14.[31]

In 2013-14, Bhagawangola II CD Block produced 1,099 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 473 hectares, 5,005 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 726 hectares, 700 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 417 hectares, 322 tonnes of wheat from 147 hectares, 5 tonnes of maize from 2 hectares, 90,697 tonnes of jute from 5,554 hectares and 7,303 tonnes of potatoes from 261 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[31]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Bhagawangola II CD Block was 10,280 hectares, out of which 3 hectares were irrigated with tank water, 47 hectares with river lift irrigation, 280 hectares by deep tube well and 9,950 hectares by other means.[31]

Silk and handicrafts

Murshidabad is famous for its silk industry since the middle ages. There are three distinct categories in this industry, namely (i) Mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing (ii) Peeling of raw silk (iii) Weaving of silk fabrics.[34]

Ivory carving is an important cottage industry from the era of the Nawabs. The main areas where this industry has flourished are Khagra and Jiaganj. 99% of ivory craft production is exported. In more recent years sandalwood etching has become more popular than ivory carving. Bell metal and Brass utensils are manufactured in large quantities at Khagra, Berhampore, Kandi and Jangipur. Beedi making has flourished in the Jangipur subdivision.[34][35]

Banking

In 2013-14, Bhagawangola II CD Block had offices of 6 commercial banks and 1 gramin bank.[31]

Transport

Bhagawangola II CD Block has 3 ferry services and 3 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station is 12 km from CD Block head quarters.[31]

Education

In 2013-14, Bhagawangola II CD Block had 74 primary schools with 9,431 students, 13 middle schools with 1,747 students, 4 high schools with 3,942 students and 6 higher secondary schools with 12,751 students. Bhagawangola II CD Block had 318 institutions for special and non-formal education with 14,821 students.[31]

In Bhagawangola II CD Block, amongst the 56 inhabited villages, 2 villages did not have a school, 25 villages have more than 1 primary school, 21 villages have at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 13 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[36]

Healthcare

In 2014, Bhagawangola II CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 2 primary health centres with total 29 beds and 4 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 21 family welfare subcentres. 19,541 patients were treated indoor and 141,377 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[31]

Bhagawangola II CD Block has Nasipur Block Primary Health Centre at Nasipur (with 15 beds), Fulpur Primary Health Centre (with 4 beds) and Kolan-Radhakantapur PHC (with 10 beds).[37]

Bhagwangola II CD Block is one of the areas of Murshidabad district where ground water is affected by a high level of arsenic contamination. The WHO guideline for arsenic in drinking water is 10 mg/ litre, and the Indian Standard value is 50 mg/ litre. All but one of the 26 blocks of Murshidabad district have arsenic contamination above the WHO level, all but two of the blocks have arsenic concentration above the Indian Standard value and 17 blocks have arsenic concentration above 300 mg/litre. The maximum concentration in Bhagawangola II CD Block is 1,852 mg/litre.[38]

References

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Physiography, Page 13. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  2. ^ "Murshidabad". Geography. Murshidabad district authorities. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Bhagawangola II Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  4. ^ "Egiye Bangla Murshidabad". Murshidabad district authorities. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Types and sources of floods in Murshidabad, West Bengal" (PDF). Swati Mollah. Indian Journal of Applied Research, February 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad, Tables 2.1, 2.2". Note:At the time of uploading of the revised version of this page the internet version of the District Statistical Handbook had been taken off but there is a print version. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  7. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Murshidabad with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  8. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Murshidabad - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – Mushidabad district. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2016. 
  11. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-12. 
  12. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Brief Analysis of Inset Tables based on Primary Census Abstract 2011 (Inset Tables 1-35), Table I: Decadal change in population of Tahsils (Sub-district) by Residence, 2001-2011, Page. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  13. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Growth Rate, Page 44. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  14. ^ "Decadal Growth Rate". Mps of India. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  15. ^ "Bangladeshi Infiltration: The Reality Check". The Pioneer, 27 June 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  16. ^ a b "Report taking shape amid infiltration buzz". The Telegraph, 23 August 2005. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  17. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Growth Rate, Page 44. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Brief Analysis of Inset Tables based on Primary Census Abstract 2011 (Inset Tables 1-35), Table I: Decadal change in population of Tahsils (Sub-district) by Residence, 2001-2011, Page 50. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  19. ^ "Decadal Growth Rate". Mps of India. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  20. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-12. 
  21. ^ "Population explosion in West Bengal: a survey". Table 1.1 Popluation in West Bengal 1941-1991. South Asian Research Society. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  22. ^ "Final Population Totals West Bengal" (PDF). Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  23. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Mother-tongue, page 48. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  24. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  25. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 17.1, Population by religion in the blocks of Murshidabad. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  26. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 2.10, Population by religion in the district of Murshidabad, 1991 and 2001. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  27. ^ "Bengal beats India in Muslim growth rate". The Times of India, 26 August 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  28. ^ "The rise and rise of Muslims in West Bengal". Dinajpur-Maldah-Murshidabad-Birbhum region. Hindu Post. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
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  37. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 19 September 2017. 
  38. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Murshidabad. SOES. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
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