Bhadrak district

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Bhadrak
Bhadrakalli
District
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°04′00″N 86°30′00″E / 21.0667°N 86.5000°E / 21.0667; 86.5000Coordinates: 21°04′00″N 86°30′00″E / 21.0667°N 86.5000°E / 21.0667; 86.5000
Country  India
State Odisha
Headquarters Bhadrak
Government
 • Collector Sri Gyana Ranjan Das
 • Member of Parliament Arjun Charan Sethi, BJD
Area
 • Total 2,505 km2 (967 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,506,522
 • Rank 12
 • Density 601/km2 (1,560/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bhadrakiya
Languages
 • Official Odia, English
 • other language Ho language
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code 06784
Vehicle registration OD-22
Sex ratio 981 /
male 760,591
female 745,931
Literacy 83.25%
Precipitation 1,427.9 millimetres (56.22 in)
Avg. summer temperature 48 °C (118 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 17 °C (63 °F)
Website bhadrak.nic.in

Bhadrak District is an administrative district of Odisha state in eastern India.

Origin of name

The district is named after goddess Bhadrakali.

History

The district includes Rakta Tirtha Eram in Basudev Pur, where about 30 people were killed by the British police while fighting for independence.The legendary history of Bhadrak District dates back to the age of the Puranas when Odisha achieved thriving maritime and agrarian prosperity. As far as the history is concerned, king Mukunda Dev was the last sovereign indigenous ruler of Bhadrak. The Muslim population began to settle in the District around the year 1575 following the discomfiture of the Afghans under Usman at the hand of Raja Man Singh. During the Mughal period Bhadrak District survived as a Subha under the Nawabs of Bengal. When the majestic Mughals diminished from the political scenario of Bhadrak District. In course of time Bhadrak District has passed on to different hands and colonized by different dynasties till the British occupied the entire region of Odisha.

Since independence, the history of Bhadrak has been the history of multifarious progress in Education, Industry, Agriculture, Trade and commerce and with the birth of a new star it is leaping towards the twenty-first century with hope and promise.

There are many historical places and monuments to visit in the Bhadrak District. Palia is famous for Biranchi Narayan Temple. Sri Radha Madanmohan temple is one of the most visited temples of Bhadrak District. Aradi situated at a distance of 10 km from Chandabali is famous for the temple of Akhandalamani.

On 1 April 1993, this district was carved out from the Balasore District and became a separate entity.

Geography

The district has an area of 2,505 km². Bhadrak town is situated at a distance of 125 km from the state capital, Bhubaneswar. Salandi River passes by this district.

Economy

Bhadrak is home to FACOR, which is one of the largest manufacturers of quality ferro chrome in the country.

Many new factories including a shipbuilding factory will be coming up soon.

Tourist places

  • Bhadrak has a special identity for ERAM VILLAGE which is known as "2ND JALIANAWALABAGH". It is 07 km from Basudevpur. A memorial was built for the martyrs of Eram massacre.[1]
  • Akhandalmani Temple is on the bank of river Baitarani, the Akhandalamani Temple is the abode of Lord Shiva. The Patana Mangala in Chatrapada village is famous for Mangala temple with the biggest pond of Odisha. Chief interest of the place is its legendary history. As the history runs, king Niladri Samara Singha Mohapatra started worshipping the God Akhandalamani some 350 years ago, when the black glazed granite stone was found underground and the king dreamt of the god. However the religious and historical significance with which the place is invested, constitute it to be a center of special interest in the tourism of Bhadrak. Moreover, the artistic carvings of the temple deserve special worth to the tourist. Surrounding the temple many fairs and festivals are organized, the chief among which is the Mahashivaratri. During this festival, tourists, including a vast chunk of pilgrims, flock into the core of the temple. On the month of Sravana, people from nationwide assemble here to pour the holy water on the Siva Linga and to offer their worship to Lord Shiva. The Akhandalamani Temple is the principal source of the profitable development of the tourism industry of Bhadrak.
  • Dhamra Port is an ancient port on the banks of the river Baitarani, around 5 km from Kanika Palace. The highlights are the direction tower and some ancient structures.
  • Jagannath Temple :- Nilok This is a sacred place of Hindus (Vaisava).
  • The BIRANCHINARAYAN Temple (Lord Brahmha) is one of the most ancient temple of Odisha in PALIA village that have a distance of 13 KM from Bhadrak in Bhadrak-Chandbali route. Every year between January - February (In Odia Magha Masa from the date of Magha Purnima/Aghira purnima/Agni utshav Purnima) a Three day Mela is observed around the temple. This the best time to visit the temple for Picnic or for Puja.

Transport

Bhadrak railway station is the biggest railway station of Bhadrak district and serves Bhadrak city. An important upcoming town in Bhadrak distinct is Dhamara, which is upcoming newly built megaport of the district. New railway line from Bhadrak to Dhamra is constructed.

Also Chennai- Kolkata NH-5 is passing through bhadrak city.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Bhadrak district has a population of 1,506,522,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[3] or the US state of Hawaii.[4] This gives it a ranking of 332nd in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 601 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,560/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.95%.[2] Bhadrak has a sex ratio of 981 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 83.25%.[2]

The language mostly spoken by the people is Odia, though some people speak Urdu.

Culture

Kharida Binayakpur, Dhamara, and Guamala Nuasasan are some other places of tourist interest.

  • Nalanga, a village in Gelpur Panchayat is famous for Lord Naleswar (Shiva). The Naleswar Temple is one of the oldest temples in Odisha. Nalanga is the birthplace of Lokakavi Jagannath Pani, the teacher of Baishnav Pani.
  • Kharida Binayakpur is another village in Basudevpur constituency of this district is famous for Maa Ankudeswari Temple and its Moha vishuba Sankranti, Ravan Podi during Durga puja also famous in this village.
  • Brahmangan, another village in Basudevpur constituency of this district is famous for its century old Prasanna Khemeswar mahadeva temple and its melana jatra during holi. Durga puja & Jagar also famous in this village.
  • Biggest Pond in Odisha and Famous Maa Patana Mangala Temple (Chhatrapada) is about 38.0 km (43 min) away from Bhadrak.
  • Banta, Basantia, Basudebpur blocks & villages respectively in which village various melas are organised in various days of the year out of which Panchuka Purnima which is celebrating in a very great fun of people in which boat is sailed in the big pond of Basantia village in the memories of Oriya Sadhabas, who was going to make their business in the near islands like Java and Borneo, Indonesia for too many days.
  • The Dash family is in the village of Nuagaon near to the historical place eram is largest members of family in the district.This family gave many eminent personalities to the motherland.Late Panu Dash is one of them who martyred in second jaliwala bag fight.Now his son sj.Chaitanya prashad Dash is doing all type of social activities.He has seven sons.All are equally sharing all type of great deeds with his father.Two of his son(Mr.Sreedhar Dash and Mr.Padmolochan Dash) served Indian army for long time. Also in this mela big Operas also comes here to show their shows.[5][6]

Notable personalities

  • Chandrakanta Nath (b. 1960), novelist, columnist and media icon from Sandhagada village.
  • Inspector Prafula Mohapatra, well known police inspector of British Time
  • Chakradhara Behera (1894–1973), Freedom fighter who has become immortal for leading the masses against tyranny of zamidar of Kanika.
  • IAS Dr. Hrusikesh Panda (Birth. 1955) (1979 Batch IAS) (an eminent writer)Post Graduation in Chemistry, Diploma Pers. Mgt., MBA in Admn. Finance Economics, Ph. D. in Philosophy English.
  • Mr Apurba Ranjan Ray( An eminent writer who is written more than 60 books, Great speaker, Founder of ' Bhadrak Pujyapuja Sansad', Awardee of Sahitya academy and more than 100 awards in his name for the contribution to the Odia culture. He is the regular speaker in Akashbani, Script writer of Dordarshan, Founder of many schools.
  • Late. Ganesha Chandra Tripathy. (Leader of freedom fighter from earm village.
  • Late. Arjun charana Biswal. ( Well known freedom fighter from earm village.
  • Late Panu Dash (An eminient activist from Nuagaon village, Dash Sahi)fought against British and had a vital role in Second Jaliwala Bag and got martyrdom.

Condition

Bhadrak district has been doing good in every consideration.the city is developing fast. A new palace type collectorate is constructed and being in service since 2016.The roads and environment is so clean to eyes.It has a large bus stand near Dakshinkali Temple and by NH-5.Every types of modern malls are there.It is the city of brotherhood between Hindu and Muslims.Both celebrate their ceremonies together with each other.In Puruna Bazaar there Budha Ganesh puja is celebrated by both Hindus and Muslims.It has Bhadrak autonomous college which is soon going to be a University.New medical site is being started construction having 100 nursing training seats.It has been declared as the first nectar city of Odisha.It has Dhamara port which is so large and going to be the largest port in Asia.A polytechnic university is going to be started soon.

Politics

Vidhan sabha constituencies

The following is the 5 Vidhan sabha constituencies[7][8] of Bhadrak district and the elected members[9] of that area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 15th Assembly Party
43 Bhandaripokhari None Bhandaripokhari, Bonth Prafulla Samal BJD
44 Bhadrak None Bhadrak (M), Bhadrak Jugal Kishore Pattnaik BJD
45 Basudevpur None Basudevpur, Basudevpur, Tihidi (part) Bijayshree Routray BJD
46 Dhamnagar SC Dhamnagar, Tihidi (part) Muktikanta Mandal BJD
47 Chandabali None Chandabali, Tihidi (part) Byomkesh Ray BJD

References

  1. ^ http://www.nuaodisha.com/Odisha-Tourism/Tourist-Places-In-Bhadrakh.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gabon 1,576,665
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Hawaii 1,360,301
  5. ^ Bhadrak district, Orissa Diary
  6. ^ Bhadrak District, District Info
  7. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  8. ^ Seats of Odisha
  9. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME

External links

  • Official website
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