Bernard Gardiner

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Bernard Gardiner (baptised 25 September 1668 – 22 April 1726) was an academic at the University of Oxford, serving as Warden of All Souls College, Oxford,[1] and also as Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University.[2][3]


Gardiner was the son of Sir William Gardiner, 1st Baronet, a lawyer and politician, and was baptised in Fareham, Hampshire, on 25 September 1668. His mother was Anne daughter and heir Robert Brocas of Beaurepaire, Hampshire. He was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford, matriculating there in November 1684 and holding a demyship (scholarship), but lost his position during a battle for supremacy between the college's officials and James II. He obtained his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1688, and became a Fellow of All Souls College in the following year. Thomas Tenison, the Archbishop of Canterbury, nominated him to become the Warden (head) of All Souls in 1702. He later added the degrees of Bachelor of Civil Law in 1693 and Doctor of Civil Law in 1698.

Further positions within the University of Oxford followed: Keeper of the Archives from 1703, and Vice-Chancellor of the University from 1712 to 1715.[2] He took steps to ensure that fellows of the Oxford colleges complied with their obligations to reside in Oxford and, for fellows at some colleges, to become priests. He had some, but not complete, success since some of the errant fellows had powerful supporters. Gardiner himself was ordained, and was vicar of Ambrosden, Oxfordshire, from 1708 and rector of Hawarden, Flintshire, from 1714. He helped to organise the rebuilding of All Souls by Nicholas Hawksmoor and George Clarke.

Gardiner married Grace daughter and eventual heir of Sir Sebastian Smythe, Kt, of Cuddeston, Oxfordshire, physician to King William III, and died on 22 April 1726 in Oxford. His estates were inherited by his daughter, Grace, who married Robert Whalley, MD in 1742;[4] for whose sons see Whalley-Smythe-Gardiner baronets.[5]


  1. ^ Salter, H.E.; Lobel, Mary D, eds. (1954). "All Souls College". A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 3: The University of Oxford. Victoria County History. pp. 173–193. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Previous Vice-Chancellors". University of Oxford. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  3. ^ "Vice-Chancellors from the year 1660". The Oxford University Calendar. University of Oxford. 1817. pp. 27–28. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  4. ^ Debrett's Baronetage, 1828
  5. ^ Gibson, William (October 2005). "Gardiner, Bernard (1668–1726)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 31 August 2010.  (subscription or UK public library membership required)
Academic offices
Preceded by
Hon. Leopold William Finch
Warden of All Souls College, Oxford
Succeeded by
Stephen Niblett
Preceded by
Thomas Brathwait
Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University
Succeeded by
John Baron
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