Bernalillo County, New Mexico

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Bernalillo County, New Mexico
Bernalillo County New Mexico Courthouse.jpg
Bernalillo County Courthouse in Albuquerque
Seal of Bernalillo County, New Mexico
Seal
Map of New Mexico highlighting Bernalillo County
Location in the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded 1852
Seat Albuquerque
Largest city Albuquerque
Area
 • Total 1,167 sq mi (3,023 km2)
 • Land 1,161 sq mi (3,007 km2)
 • Water 6.4 sq mi (17 km2), 0.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 676,953[1]
 • Density 571/sq mi (220/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd, 3rd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.bernco.gov

Bernalillo County is the most populous county in the U.S. state of New Mexico.[2] As of the 2010 census, the population was 662,564.[3] The county seat, Albuquerque,[4] is the most populous city in New Mexico.

Bernalillo County is the central county of the Albuquerque, NM Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Bernalillo County was one of seven partidos established during Mexican rule; in 1852, within two years of the creation of the New Mexico Territory, Bernalillo became one of that territory's nine original counties.[2] In 1876, it absorbed Santa Ana County.

In 1906, years after the Land Revision Act of 1891 provided for the setting aside of forest reserves, the parts of Bernalillo County currently known as Cibola National Forest were established as reserves.[5]

USS LST-306, a World War II tank landing ship which participated in the Allied invasion of Italy, was renamed USS Bernalillo County in 1955. Sandia Mountain Wilderness was created in 1978 and the Petroglyph National Monument was established in June 1990.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,167 square miles (3,020 km2), of which 1,161 square miles (3,010 km2) is land and 6.4 square miles (17 km2) (0.5%) is water.[6] It is the third-smallest county in New Mexico by area.

Bernalillo County is in central New Mexico, and "stretches from the East Mountain area (just east of the Sandia Mountains) to the Volcano Cliffs on the west mesa."[7]

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 7,751
1860 8,769 13.1%
1870 7,591 −13.4%
1880 17,225 126.9%
1890 20,913 21.4%
1900 28,630 36.9%
1910 23,606 −17.5%
1920 29,855 26.5%
1930 45,430 52.2%
1940 69,391 52.7%
1950 145,673 109.9%
1960 262,199 80.0%
1970 315,774 20.4%
1980 419,700 32.9%
1990 480,577 14.5%
2000 556,678 15.8%
2010 662,564 19.0%
Est. 2016 676,953 [8] 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2016[3]

2000 census

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 556,678 people, 220,936 households, and 141,178 families residing in the county, making Bernalillo the most populous county in the state.[2] The population density was 477 people per square mile (184/km²). There were 239,074 housing units at an average density of 205 per square mile (79/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.75% White, 2.77% Black or African American, 4.16% Native American, 1.93% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 16.07% from other races, and 4.22% from two or more races. 41.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 220,936 households out of which 31.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.00% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.10% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,788, and the median income for a family was $46,613. Males had a median income of $33,720 versus $26,318 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,790. About 10.20% of families and 13.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.90% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 662,564 people, 266,000 households, and 164,104 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 570.8 inhabitants per square mile (220.4/km2). There were 284,234 housing units at an average density of 244.9 per square mile (94.6/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 69.4% white, 4.8% American Indian, 3.0% black or African American, 2.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 16.0% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 47.9% of the population.[14] The largest ancestry groups were:[16]

  • 27.6% Mexican
  • 18.5% Spanish
  • 11.6% German
  • 8.5% Irish
  • 7.6% English
  • 3.4% Italian
  • 2.6% American
  • 2.3% French
  • 1.9% Scottish
  • 1.7% Scotch-Irish
  • 1.7% Polish
  • 1.3% Norwegian
  • 1.2% Swedish
  • 1.1% Dutch

Of the 266,000 households, 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.3% were non-families, and 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 35.8 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,481 and the median income for a family was $59,809. Males had a median income of $42,189 versus $34,432 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,143. About 11.8% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.8% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Politics

New Mexico Senate

District Name Party Took office
9 John Sapien Democratic 2009
10 John Ryan Republican 2005
11 Linda M. Lopez Democratic 1997
12 Jerry Ortiz y Pino Democratic 2005
13 Bill B. O'Neill Democratic 2013
14 Michael Padilla Democratic 2013
15 Daniel Ivey-Soto Democratic 2013
16 Cisco McSorley Democratic 1997
17 Mimi Stewart Democratic 2009
18 Lisa Torraco Republican 2013
19 Sue Wilson Beffort Republican 1997

County offices

Office Name Party Took office
Sheriff Manuel Gonzales III Democratic 2015
Assessor Tanya R. Giddings Democratic 2012
Clerk Linda Stover Democratic 2016
Treasurer Nancy M. Bearce Democratic 2016
Probate Judge Willow Misty Parks Democratic 2011

County Commission

District Name Party Took office
1 Debbie O'Malley Democratic 2012
2 Steven Michael Quezada Democratic 2016
3 Maggie Hart Stebbins Democratic 2010
4 Lonnie C. Talbert Republican 2012
5 Wayne Johnson Republican 2010

Congressional

Michelle Lujan Grisham (D) is the representative for the 1st Congressional District.

Presidential

Presidential Elections Results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 34.5% 94,698 52.2% 143,417 13.3% 36,547
2012 39.3% 106,408 55.6% 150,739 5.1% 13,822
2008 38.7% 110,521 60.0% 171,556 1.3% 3,701
2004 47.3% 121,454 51.5% 132,252 1.2% 3,105
2000 46.6% 95,249 48.7% 99,461 4.7% 9,609
1996 43.2% 78,832 48.3% 88,140 8.5% 15,571
1992 38.5% 77,304 45.3% 90,863 16.2% 32,531
1988 53.6% 92,830 45.3% 78,346 1.1% 1,959
1984 60.1% 104,694 38.9% 67,789 1.0% 1,779
1980 53.5% 83,956 34.9% 54,841 11.6% 18,266
1976 54.0% 76,614 45.1% 63,949 1.0% 1,363
1972 60.8% 79,993 37.1% 48,753 2.1% 2,816
1968 55.0% 56,234 39.9% 40,835 5.1% 5,252
1964 43.3% 42,583 56.0% 55,036 0.7% 698
1960 52.1% 44,805 47.5% 40,908 0.4% 348
1956 64.3% 41,893 35.2% 22,954 0.5% 296
1952 59.4% 33,964 40.5% 23,164 0.1% 72
1948 47.1% 16,668 51.8% 18,305 1.1% 391
1944 48.8% 11,662 51.2% 12,229 0.1% 13
1940 45.4% 11,999 54.5% 14,428 0.1% 34
1936 31.5% 7,107 67.8% 15,305 0.8% 170
1932 40.1% 7,309 58.8% 10,722 1.2% 212
1928 57.0% 8,725 42.9% 6,572 0.1% 14
1924 49.6% 7,078 42.2% 6,023 8.3% 1,183
1920 50.5% 4,969 48.9% 4,808 0.6% 56
1916 52.3% 2,711 46.1% 2,394 1.6% 83
1912 26.6% 1,002 31.9% 1,199 41.6% 1,564

Communities

Map of Bernalillo County New Mexico.svg

A local geographical oddity is that the town of Bernalillo, north of Albuquerque, is not actually in Bernalillo County. It is the county seat of Sandoval County.

Bracketed number refers to location on map, right

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. August 15, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Bernalillo County Archived October 8, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. from the website of the New Mexico Office of the State Historian
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  5. ^ Southwestern Region Initial Forest Reserves and National Forests, from a U.S. Forest Service website
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  7. ^ Bernalillo County Extension Office from a New Mexico State University website
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 22, 2013. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-24. 
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links

Coordinates: 35°03′N 106°40′W / 35.05°N 106.67°W / 35.05; -106.67

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