Benjamin F. Feinberg

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Benjamin Franklin Feinberg (October 23, 1888 – February 6, 1959) was an American lawyer and politician from New York. He was Temporary President of the New York State Senate from 1944 to 1949.

Life

He was born on October 23, 1888, in Malone, Franklin County, New York. Later he lived in Plattsburgh.

He was a member of the New York State Senate from 1933 to 1949, sitting in the 156th, 157th, 158th, 159th, 160th, 161st, 162nd, 163rd, 164th, 165th, 166th and 167th New York State Legislatures; and was Temporary President from 1944 to 1949.

He was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1938. He was an alternate delegate to the 1940 Republican National Convention, and a delegate to the 1944 and 1948 Republican National Conventions.

Feinberg Law

In 1949, he sponsored the Feinberg Bill, an act to purge Communist and fellow traveler teachers from the State public-school system.[1] The bill required the Regents of the State School Board to draw up a list of all subversive organizations. Membership in such organizations was sufficient grounds for summary removal. Although the law focused on organisational membership, in its implementation it would delve into people’s reading preferences, social activities, rallies attended, petitions signed, and beliefs on current political issues.[2] The regents were also empowered to dismiss school employees for the "utterance of any treasonable or seditious word...or the doing of any treasonable or seditious act..." regardless of their affiliations.[3] The Law was struck down in 1967 as unconstitutional in its violations of individual liberties.[4]

Later career

On March 30, 1949, Feinberg was appointed Chairman of the New York State Public Service Commission, and remained in office until 1958.

Legacy and death

Feinberg was instrumental in the founding of the State University of New York,[citation needed] and the Library at SUNY Plattsburgh is named after him.

He died on February 6, 1959, in Royal Victoria Hospital in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, of kidney disease.

External links

  • [1] Political Graveyard
  • [2] The Feinberg Bill in TIME Magazine on April 11, 1949

References

  1. ^ The Feinberg Law. (1949). The New Republic, 121(24), 7.
  2. ^ Smolla, R. (2011). Academic Freedom and the Living Constitution. In The Constitution Goes to College (p. The Constitution Goes to College, Chapter 002). NYU Press.
  3. ^ Heins, Marjorie. “The Board of Education and the Feinberg Law.” Priests of Our Democracy: The Supreme Court, Academic Freedom, and the Anti-Communist Purge, NYU Press, 2013, pp. 69–86. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt9qfmg6.7.
  4. ^ 'End of the Feinberg Law'. New York Times, January 26, 1967, Page 32, New York edition


New York State Senate
Preceded by
Henry E. H. Brereton
New York State Senate
33rd District

1933–1944
Succeeded by
Frederic H. Bontecou
Preceded by
G. Frank Wallace
New York State Senate
38th District

1945–1949
Succeeded by
Henry Neddo
Political offices
Preceded by
Joe R. Hanley
Temporary President of the New York State Senate
1944–1949
Succeeded by
Arthur H. Wicks
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