1991 Beninese presidential election

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Presidential elections were held in Benin in March 1991, the first direct presidential elections since 1970. Elections under the military regime of Mathieu Kérékou had been indirect, with the president chosen by the National Assembly.

The first round, held on 10 March, saw no candidate receive more than 37% of the vote. Prime Minister Nicéphore Soglo led the field, with Kérékou in second place. The second round on 24 March resulted in a decisive victory for Soglo, with almost two-thirds of the vote to Kérékou's 32.5 percent. Voter turnout was 56.3% in the first round and 64.1% in the second.[1]

The elections marked the first instance in post-colonial Francophone Africa that an opposition candidate won a free election.


Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Nicéphore Soglo Union for the Triumph of Democratic Renewal 419,787 36.2 881,215 67.5
Mathieu Kérékou Independent 315,079 27.2 423,501 32.5
Albert Tevoedjre Our Common Cause 165,174 14.3
Bruno Amoussou Social Democratic Party 66,053 5.7
Adrien Houngbédji Democratic Renewal Party 53,187 4.6
Moise Mensah Independent 39,984 3.4
Sévérin Adjovi Liberal Democrats' Rally for National Reconstruction-Vivoten 30,710 2.7
Bertin Borna Independent 18,578 1.6
Idelphonse Lemon Independent 11,517 1.0
Assani Fasassi Independent 10,393 0.9
Gatien Houngbédji Democratic Union for Economic and Social Development 10,272 0.9
Robert Dossou Alliance for Social Democracy 9,641 0.8
Thomas Goudou Builders and Managers of Freedom and Development 8,041 0.7
Invalid/blank votes 19,340 10,417
Total 1,177,666 100 1,315,123 100
Registered voters/turnout 2,091,488 56.3 2,052,638 64.1
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p94 ISBN 0-19-829645-2
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