Bengali Genocide Remembrance Day

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Genocide Remembrance Day
গণহত্যা স্মরণ দিবস
জাতীয় স্মৃতি সৌধ - The National Martyrs' Monument of Bangladesh.jpg
Observed by  Bangladesh
 Bangladeshi diaspora
Type National
Significance Commemoration of the Bengali Genocide
Date 25 March
Next time 25 March 2018 (2018-03-25)
Frequency annual
First time 2017[1][2]

Bengali Genocide Remembrance Day (Bengali: বাঙ্গালি গণহত্যা স্মরণ দিবস Bāṅgāli Gaṇahatyā Smaraṇ Dibas/ Bangali Gonohotta Shoron Dibosh or Bangladesh Genocide Memorial Day is a national day to be observed on 25 March in Bangladesh to commemorate the victims of the Bengali Genocide of 1971, approved unanimously in 2017.[3][4][2]

History

Location of Bengali and Pakistani military units during Operation Searchlight, March 1971

The date 25 March commemorates the Operation Searchlight, a planned military pacification carried out by the Pakistan Army – codenamed Operation Searchlight – started on 25 March to curb the Bengali independence movement by taking control of the major cities on 26 March, and then eliminating all opposition, political or military,[5] within one month. Before the beginning of the operation, all foreign journalists were systematically deported from East Pakistan.[6][7]

On 11 March 2017, the Parliament of Bangladesh unanimously passed Resolution designating 25 March as a Genocide Remembrance Day.[8][9] The day honours and remembers those who suffered and died as a consequence of killings by the Pakistani Army in March 25, 1971, which started with Operation Searchlight and ended with the 1971 Bangladesh Genocide and the Independence of Bangladesh.[10][11][12][13] "Bangladesh will reach out to UN seeking recognition of 1971 genocide while the government declared March 25 as genocide day", according to Liberation War Affairs Minister AKM Mozammel Huq.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Whole nation should observe National Genocide Day". New Age. March 14, 2017. Retrieved July 6, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Bangladesh declares March 25 as Genocide Day". NTV. March 11, 2017. Retrieved July 6, 2017. 
  3. ^ "PM slams Pakistan for propaganda about '71 genocide". The Daily Star. February 20, 2017. Retrieved July 6, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Declare March 25 as Genocide Day". The Daily Sun. February 17, 2017. Retrieved July 6, 2017. 
  5. ^ Salik, Siddiq, Witness To Surrender, pp 63, 228–9 ISBN 984-05-1373-7
  6. ^ Siddiqui, Asif (December 1997). "From Deterrence and Coercive Diplomacy to War: The 1971 Crisis in South Asia". Journal of International and Area Studies. 4 (1): 73–92. JSTOR 43106996. 
  7. ^ "JS may be moved to mark March 25 as Genocide Day". The Daily Sun. Retrieved 2017-03-22. 
  8. ^ "Parliament passes motion to mark March 25 as Genocide Day". The Daily Star. 2017-03-11. Retrieved 2017-03-22. 
  9. ^ "Parliament declares March 25 Genocide Day". Dhaka Tribune. 2017-03-11. Retrieved 2017-03-22. 
  10. ^ "Jatiya Sangsad declares March 25 as "Gonohotya Dibosh" | Weekly Bangla Mirror". www.banglamirrornews.com. Retrieved 2017-03-22. 
  11. ^ "Parliament declares March 25 as "Gonohotya Dibosh"". Retrieved 2017-03-22. 
  12. ^ "14-party alliance to observe March 25 as 'Genocide Day'". Nirapad News. Retrieved 2017-03-22. 
  13. ^ "JS resolution on Day of Genocide hailed". Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha. Retrieved 2017-03-22. 
  14. ^ "News Details". www.bssnews.net. 
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