Bengali–Assamese languages

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Bengali–Assamese
Gauda–Kamarupa
Geographic
distribution
Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal
Linguistic classification Indo-European
Glottolog gaud1237  (Gauda–Kamrupa)[1]

The Bengali–Assamese languages (or Assamese-Bengali languages) belong to the Eastern zone of Indo-Aryan languages. They are the following:

Language Native name Script Number of speakers (in millions) Native region
Bengali বাংলা
Bangla
Eastern Nagari script 0220000240[2]  Bangladesh (national and official)
 India (West Bengal) (Jharkhand) (Tripura) (Assam) (Andaman and Nicobar islands)
Assamese অসমীয়া
Oxomiya
Eastern Nagari script 24  India (Assam)
 Bangladesh (Mymensingh Division)
Rangpuri রংপুরী
রাজবংশী
কোচ ৰাজবংশী
Rongpuri
Rajbongši
Kʊch rajbongsi
Eastern Nagari script 15  Bangladesh (Rangpur Division)
 India (West Bengal and Assam)
   Nepal (Province No. 1)
Chittagonian চাঁটগাঁইয়া
Čąŧgąiya
Eastern Nagari script 13  Bangladesh (Chittagong Division)
 Myanmar (Rakhine State)
Sylheti ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ
ছিলটি
Siloŧi
Eastern Nagari script
Sylheti Nagari script
11  Bangladesh (Sylhet Division)
 India (Assam)
Rohingya رُاَࣺينڠَ
Ruáingga
Arabic script
Hanifi script
1.8  Myanmar (Rakhine State)
 Bangladesh (Chittagong Division)
Chakma 𑄌𑄧𑄁𑄟𑄧
চাকমা
Sangma
Eastern Nagari script
Chakma script
0.33  Bangladesh (Chittagong Division)
 India (Mizoram and Tripura)
 Myanmar (Rakhine State)
Bishnupriya Manipuri বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী
Bișnupriya Monipuri"
Eastern Nagari script 0.12  India (Assam, Manipur and Tripura)
 Bangladesh (Sylhet Division)
Hajong হাজং
Hazong
Eastern Nagari script 0.06  India (Assam and Meghalaya)
 Bangladesh (Mymensingh Division)
Tanchangya তঞ্চঙ্গ্যা
Tonsongya
Eastern Nagari script
Chakma script
0.05  Bangladesh (Chittagong Hill Tracts)

Language comparison chart

English Assamese Sylheti Bengali Chakma Chittagonian
beautiful dhunia, xundor shundor shundor dol shundor
blood tez lou, roxto rokto lo lou
bread pauruti, ruti, luf ruŧi, bred (pau-)ruŧi fóruti
bring an- an- ano- an-
brother bhai (-ti, -ek), dada bai bhai, dada bai
cat mekuri mexur, bilai biŗal bilai
come ah- a- asho- a-
cry kand- xand- kad, kando- hãd-
dark andhar andair ondhokar, ãdhar ãdar
daughter zi (-ek, -ori), súali zi, furi mey, beŧi zi (-r, -or) fua
day din, bela din, bela din, dibosh, bæla din
do kor- xor- kora- gor-
door duar, dorza dorza, doroza dorja, duar duar
die mor-, mori za-/go- mor-, mori za- mor-, more ja- mor-
earth prithiwi, prithibi dunia, dunwai duniya, prithibi d̪unia
egg koni đim, enđa, boida đim boda boza, dim
elephant hati atti hati a't̪i
eye soku souk chokh, noyon sóg
father deuta, bap (-ek) abba, baaf, abbu baba, abbu baf, ba
fear bhoy đor bhoy dor
finger aŋuli aŋguil, angul angul oul
fire zui aguin, agun agun ain
fish mas mas mach mas
food ahar, khana, khúa bostu, khaiddo xani khabar hana
go za-, go- za-, ge- ja- za-, zo-
god bhogowan, issor rob, xuda khoda, ishshor, bhogoban khúda
good bhal bala bhalo bala
grass ghah, kher (dry rice plant) gah, gash ghash kher
hand hat at hat aṯ
head mur, matha mata matha maṯa
heart hia, ontor, hridoy dil, ontor hridoy, pran, ôntôr dil
horse ghúra guRa ghora gúra
house ghor, ghor-bari gor, bari ghor, badi gor
hunger bhuk bux, buk, fetobuk khudha bukh
language bhaxa basha, zoban, maat bhasha, joban basha
laugh hah- ash- hash- ash-
life ziwon, zibon zibon, zindegi jibon, zindegi zibon
moon zun sand chaand sãn
mother ma maa, amma, ammu maa, amma, ammu ma
mouth mukh muk mukh mukh
name nam naam naam nam
night rati rait rat rait
open khul- kul- khul- uid-, khúl-
peace xanti shanti shanti shanṯi
place thai, zega, zaga zega, zaga jayga zaega
queen rani rani raani rani
read porh- foR- por-
rest aram aram araam dom
salt nimokh, lobon, nun nimox, lobon, nun lôbon, nun nun
say ko- xo- bol- ho-
sister bhoni (-ek), bhon (-ti) boin, boni bon, didi boin
small xoru huru, suto chhoto gura
son put (-ek), lóra fut, fua chhele, putro fua
soul atma ruh ruh foran
sun beli, xurzo shurzo shurjo
ten doh, dos dosh dosh dosh
three tini tin tin tin
village gaú gau, gram, geram gram, gaon geram
want lag-, log- sa- cha- sa-
water pani, zol fani pani, jôl fani
when ketia kumbala, xobe kôkhôn, kobe ho'tte
wind botah batash batash, hawa a'ba, batash
wolf xial hial nekre, sheyal neŕi kutta
woman mohila, maiki manuh aurot, mohila, beTi mohila mai fua
year bosor bosor, saal bochor, boshor, shaal, saal bosor
yes hoy, o oe, ii hæ̃, ji, ha oe
no nohoy na na na, noe
yesterday kali, zúa kali xail, goto xail gotokal, kal goṯo hail, goṯo halia
English Assamese Sylheti Bengali Chakma Chittagonian

References

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Gauda–Kamrupa". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ http://www.omniglot.com/writing/bengali.htm
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