Belturbet bombing

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Belturbet Bombing
Part of the Troubles
Belturbet Bombing.jpg
Aftermath from the car bomb blast at Belturbet
Location Belturbet, County Cavan, Republic of Ireland
Date 28 December 1972
Attack type
car bomb
Deaths 2
Non-fatal injuries
8
Suspected perpetrators
Ulster Volunteer Force

The Belturbet bombing occurred on 28 December 1972 when a car bomb planted by Loyalist paramilitaries exploded in the main street in the border town of Belturbet in County Cavan in the Republic of Ireland. The bomb killed two young teenagers Geraldine O'Reilly (15) and Patrick Stanely (16).[1] Nobody claimed responsibility for the bombing but security services believe the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) carried out the attack. The attack happened just a few weeks after two people were killed and 127 injured when two car bombs exploded in the centre of Dublin, Republic of Ireland on 1 December 1972.[2] On the same day as the Belturbet bombing, two other bombs exploded in border counties, the first in Clones, County Monaghan which injured two people and the second in Pettigo in County Donegal which caused no deaths or injuries. The three bombs all exploded within 30 minutes of each other.

Background

The Troubles broke out in August 1969 after the Battle of the Bogside and the 1969 Northern Ireland riots. Republican paramilitaries such as the Provisional IRA and Official IRA waged military campaigns against the Northern Ireland state and British state forces and Loyalist paramilitaries such as the UVF and Ulster Defence Association (UDA) waged a campaign against the Irish nationalist community and IRA members. From early on in the conflict, violence spilled over into the Republic of Ireland with the UVF planting bombs to sabotage services. The first bomb attack by the UVF in the Republic of Ireland happened at Radio Telefis Éireann (RTÉ) headquarters in Donnybrook on 5 August 1969.[3] On 19 October 1969, a loyalist bomb intended for the hydroelectric power station near Ballyshannon, County Donegal, exploded prematurely, injuring 45-year old UVF member Thomas McDowell, who died two days later.[4] In December 1969 the UVF exploded another bomb outside the Garda central detective bureau in Dublin. The nearby telephone exchange headquarters was suspected to have been the bombers' target.[5] In February 1971 the Wolfe Tone statue at St. Stephen’s Green was destroyed by a Loyalist bomb.[6]

The Bombing

On the night of Thursday 28 December at around 10.30pm the second in a series of three co-ordinated bombs exploded in a red Ford Escort car at Butler Street, Belturbet, County Cavan. Two young teenagers, Gerladine O'Reilly who was a local girl, aged 15 and Paddy Stanley, aged 16 from Clara, County Offaly, lost their lives in the bombing. Eight others were seriously injured in the bomb attack. The bomb was estimated to have weighed 100lb of explosives. The cost of the damage from the bombing was estimated at £200,000, twenty-three houses and fourteen cars in Butler Street were damaged by the force of the blast. Pieces of the bomb car were recovered from a 100-yard radius of the bomb site. Patrick Stanley, had been making a phone call in a nearby kiosk when the bomb went off. Geraldine O'Reilly, who was on her Christmas holidays from school, was across the road in Slowey's chip shop waiting to be served when the bomb exploded, where she suffered massive head injuries from flying shrapnel and died instantly.

Geraldine's brother, Anthony, had been waiting for her outside in his car when the bomb went off, he was seriously injured in the blast. His car was parked just 10-feet from the site of the car bomb.[7]

Earlier that night a bomb exploded in a blue Morris 1100 car on Fermanagh Street, Clones, Co. Monaghan at 10.01pm seriously injuring two men. A third bomb exploded outside the licensed premises of Hugh Britton at Mullnagoad, in Pettigo, County Donegal. No one was injured but the pub was extensively damaged from the bombing.

The cars used in the attacks had been stolen earlier on that same day in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh and all three bombs were in a radius of 20 miles from Enniskillen.

The car used in the Belturbet bombing had been driven across the border through the unaproved Aghalane crossing at around 9.00pm to avoid possibly being confronted by Irish security services.

Aftermath

Loyalist paramilitary attacks in the Republic of Ireland would continue throughout much of the 1970s.

Just three weeks later on 20 January 1973 a UVF car bomb exploded in Dublin city, killing one man and injuring fifteen other people. This was the third bomb attack in Dublin within the space of two months.[8]

On 17 May 1974, three car bombs exploded in Dublin and a fourth outside a pub in Monaghan in the Dublin and Monaghan bombings. 34 people all of whom were civilians were killed in the attacks and around 300 people injured making it the most deadly attack of the conflict.[9]

On 29 November 1975 a bomb exploded at Dublin airport, killing one person and injuring ten others.[10]

Nobody was convicted for any of the Loyalist bombings in the Republic of Ireland.

See also

Sources

  • CAIN project

References

  1. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=28&month=12&year=1972
  2. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=1&month=12&year=1972
  3. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch69.htm#Aug
  4. ^ Sutton, Malcolm. "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-14. 
  5. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch69.htm#Dec
  6. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch71.htm#Feb
  7. ^ http://www.anglocelt.ie/news/roundup/articles/2012/12/31/4013837-belturbet-bombing-victims-remembered-40years-on
  8. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=20&month=01&year=1973
  9. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=17&month=05&year=1974
  10. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/cgi-bin/dyndeaths.pl?querytype=date&day=29&month=11&year=1975

Bibliography

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