Belmore railway station

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Belmore
BelmoreRailwayStation2.JPG
Eastbound view in October 2006
Location Burwood Road, Belmore
Coordinates 33°55′02″S 151°05′19″E / 33.91725833°S 151.0887111°E / -33.91725833; 151.0887111Coordinates: 33°55′02″S 151°05′19″E / 33.91725833°S 151.0887111°E / -33.91725833; 151.0887111
Owned by RailCorp
Operated by Sydney Trains
Line(s) Bankstown
Distance 13.25 km (8.23 mi) from Central
Platforms 2 (1 island)
Tracks 2
Connections TfNSW B.svg
Construction
Structure type Ground
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Status Staffed
Station code BMR
Website Transport for NSW
History
Opened 1 February 1895
Electrified Yes
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 2,820 (daily)[1] (Sydney Trains, NSW TrainLink)
Rank 88
Services
Preceding station   Sydney Trains   Following station
towards Lidcombe or Liverpool
T3
Bankstown Line
towards City Circle
Official name Belmore Railway Station Group; Burwood Road
Type State heritage (built)
Designated 2 April 1999
Reference no. 1081
Type Railway Platform/ Station
Category Transport - Rail
Builders NSW Government Railways

The Belmore railway station is an heritage-listed railway station located on the Bankstown line at Burwood Road, Belmore in the Canterbury-Bankstown Council local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It is served by Sydney Trains T3 Bankstown line services. It was designed and built by NSW Government Railways from 1895 to 1937. It is also known as Belmore Railway Station Group and Burwood Road. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales.[2] It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.[3]

History

Belmore station opened on 1 February 1895 when the opened from Sydenham. It served as the terminus of the line until it was extended to Bankstown on 14 April 1909.

Belmore is located on the Sydenham to Bankstown line and was opened as the initial terminus station on 1 February 1895. Its initial construction name was Burwood Road but it was named Belmore on opening. There is no evidence that the station was to be named St. George as suggested in some sources. However it was not unusual for a number of names to be publicly canvassed in the lead-up to opening of a station and this was probably the case in this instance. The locality and station were named after the Earl of Belmore, Governor of New South Wales between 1868 and 1872.[3][4][2]

The station was built when Belmore was still rural. The station layout featured a typical brick station building on an island platform. A station master's residence was also built in 1895 and is still extant at 346 Burwood Road, opposite the station, but is now in private ownership.[3]

The line had its origins in Railway Commissioner Goodchap's 1882 recommendation that an additional line was needed between Newtown and Liverpool to relieve traffic on the Southern Line and to encourage agriculture and suburban settlement. Lobbying by local interests and land speculators achieved Parliamentary approval by 1890 and construction commenced in 1892. The most important stations on the line, Belmore, Canterbury and Marrickville, were built with impressive near-identical brick buildings, the other intermediate stations (Campsie, Dulwich Hill and Hurlstone Park) receiving more modest timber buildings (later replaced), possibly reflecting economies of the depression of the 1890s.[3]

The depression suppressed the profitability of the line and the extension to Liverpool did not proceed. However, suburban development followed in the early twentieth century, particularly during the interwar period when many War Service homes were built west of Canterbury. The line was extended to Bankstown in 1909 (and then to Regents Park in 1928, making it part of a loop line through Lidcombe), its justification by then being the servicing of suburban development.[3]

Prior to 1909 there were sidings for the storage of locomotives due to the railway terminating at Belmore. Suburban development intensified post World War I when many War Service homes were built in the area. Sidings at the station were extended during the 1920s for Belmore and Canterbury Councils for the purposes of unloading timber and other material for house construction and municipal works.[3]

In 1925-26 a number of works were undertaken in preparation for electrification of the line including a sub-station and platform extension. The sub-station is now used as a signals training facility.[3]

The overhead timber booking office at Belmore was constructed c.1937 at the top of the steps fronting onto the down side of Burwood Road to take the ticket selling and parcel functions. The change was also made to most other stations built to a similar configuration. The station master's office remained in the platform building for another forty years, but this function too has now moved to the street level building and the platform building remains largely unused.[3]

Platforms & services

Platform Line Stopping pattern Notes
1 services to Central & the City Circle [5]
2 services to Lidcombe & Liverpool via Bankstown [5]

Transport links

Punchbowl Bus Company operates one route via Belmore station:

Transit Systems operates one route via Belmore station:

Belmore station is served by one NightRide route:

Heritage listing

As at 21 July 2009, Belmore Station is of State significance as it was the initial terminus station on the Sydenham to Bankstown Line which had been constructed to relieve congestion on the Main South Line as well as to promote agriculture and suburban growth. The platform building represents the period of transition from the boom time of the 1880s to the standardisation of NSW railway building design of the 1890s onwards and the high level of aesthetic design of pre-1900 standard railway buildings, which included the use of polychromatic brickwork, decorative dentil coursing, ornate awning brackets and carved bargeboards. The building is relatively intact and is representative of a small group of such ornate platform buildings including Canterbury and Marrickville on the Bankstown Line.[3]

Belmore railway station was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999 having satisfied the following criteria.[3]

The place is important in demonstrating the course, or pattern, of cultural or natural history in New South Wales.

Belmore Railway Station possesses state historical significance as it was the initial terminus station on the Sydenham to Bankstown Line built to relieve the crowding on the Main Southern Line and encourage agriculture and suburban growth in the late 1800s and early 20th century. The brick platform building represents that period which marked the transition from the boom period of the 1880s to the standardisation of NSW railway building design of the 1890s and onwards.[3]

The place is important in demonstrating aesthetic characteristics and/or a high degree of creative or technical achievement in New South Wales.

The platform building at Belmore Station has state aesthetic and technical significance because it demonstrates the particular design and style of brick island buildings erected by the NSW Railways in the pre-1900s and also because of the excellent quality of its aesthetic features such as the polychromatic brickwork, dentilled brick cornice and cement mouldings which distinguish it from other platform building types.[3]

The place is ihas strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group in New South Wales for social, cultural or spiritual reasons.

The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.[3]

The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a class of cultural or natural places/environments in New South Wales.

The station is representative of, and is a fine example of a pre-1900 standard railway station building. It's styling reflected the importance of the station at that time, the other important stations on the Bankstown line with the same design being Canterbury and Marrickville. The overhead booking office is also a representative example of this type of railway building and is largely intact.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Bureau of Transport Statistics. "Train Statistics 2014" (PDF). Transport NSW. Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
  2. ^ a b "Belmore Railway Station Group". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Belmore Railway Station Group, New South Wales State Heritage Register (NSW SHR) Number H01081". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 2 June 2018. 
  4. ^ "Belmore Station". NSWrail.net. 
  5. ^ a b "T3: Bankstown line timetable". Transport for NSW. 
  6. ^ "Punchbowl Bus Co route 942". Transport for NSW. 
  7. ^ "Transit Systems route 415". Transport for NSW. 
  8. ^ "N40 Nightride". Transport for NSW. 

Bibliography

  • Bogle, Michael (2006). Shop Complex Associated with the Belmore Railway Station Group, 363 Burwood Road, Belmore: Heritage Assessment and Statement of Heritage Impact. 
  • Edwards, K. (1982). Beginning the Bankstown Line: a history of the Marrickville to Burwood Road Railway. 
  • Forsyth, John (2007). New South Wales Railway Stations: an alphabetical arrangement of railway station and place names. 
  • Pollon, F.; Healy, G., eds. (1988). "Ashbury" and "Canterbury" entries, in The Book of Sydney Suburbs. 
  • Prescott, Tony (2009). Historical Research for RailCorp's S170 Update Project. 
  • "Belmore Railway Station Group". Attraction Homepage. 2007. 

Attribution

CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article contains material from Belmore Railway Station Group, entry number 01081 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC-BY 4.0 licence, accessed on 2 June 2018.

External links

Media related to Belmore railway station at Wikimedia Commons

  • Belmore Station details Transport for New South Wales
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