Beldanga II

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Beldanga II
Community development block
Beldanga II is located in West Bengal
Beldanga II
Beldanga II
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°50′53″N 88°15′35″E / 23.84797°N 88.25973°E / 23.84797; 88.25973Coordinates: 23°50′53″N 88°15′35″E / 23.84797°N 88.25973°E / 23.84797; 88.25973
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Murshidabad
Area
 • Total 207.93 km2 (80.28 sq mi)
Elevation 17 m (56 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 250,458
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates 146,321 (67.86%)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 742191 (Kashipur)
742405 (Satui)
742175 (Sabdamnagar)
Telephone/STD code 03484
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-57, WB-58
Lok Sabha constituency Baharampur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Beldanga, Rejinagar
Website murshidabad.gov.in

Beldanga II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Barhampur subdivision of Murshidabad district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Overview

Beldanga II CD Block lies in the Ganges-Bhagirathi Basin, which is a long and narrow river valley. The Bhagirathi River splits the district into two natural physiographic regions – Rarh on the west and Bagri on the east. It has fertile soil suitable for cultivation.[1][2]

Geography

Rejinagar is located at 23°50′53″N 88°15′35″E / 23.84797°N 88.25973°E / 23.84797; 88.25973

Beldanga II CD Block is bounded by Beldanga I CD Block in the north, Naoda CD Block in the east, Kaliganj CD Block in Nadia district and Ketugram II CD Block in Bardhaman district in the south and Bharatpur I and Bharatpur II CD Blocks in the west.[3]

The Bagri or the eastern part of the district is a low lying alluvial plain with the shape of an isosceles triangle. The Ganges/Padma and the Bhagirathi form the two equal sides; the Jalangi forms the entire base; other offshoots of the Ganges meander within the area. It is liable to be flooded by the spill of the Bhagirathi and other rivers.[4]

Beldanga II CD Block has an area of 207.93 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 11 gram panchayats, 171 gram sansads (village councils), 71 mouzas and 61 inhabited villages. Rejinagar and Shaktipur police stations serve this block.[5] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Shaktipur.[6]

It is located 31 km from Baharampur, the district headquarters.[3]

Gram panchayats of Beldanga II block/ panchayat samiti are: Andulberia I, Andulberia II, Dadpur, Kamnagar, Kashipur, Ramnagar-Bachhra, Rampara I, Rampara II, Saktipur, Sompara I, Sompara II.[7]

Demographics

Population

As per 2011 Census of India Beldanga II CD Block had a total population of 250,458, all of which were rural. There were 129,144 (52%) males and 121,314 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 34,837. Scheduled Castes numbered 20,863 (8.33%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 541 (0.22%).[8]

As per 2001 census, Beldanga II block has a total population of 210,195, out of which 109,107 were males and 101,088 were females. Beldanga II block registered a population growth of 19.21 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 23.70 per cent.[9]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[10]

The decadal growth of population in Beldanga II CD Block in 2001-2011 was 19.16%.[11]

The decadal growth rate of population in Murshidabad district was as follows: 33.5% in 1951-61, 28.6% in 1961-71, 25.5% in 1971-81, 28.2% in 1981-91, 23.8% in 1991-2001 and 21.1% in 2001-11. [12]The decadal growth rate for West Bengal in 2001-11 was 13.93%.[13]

There are reports of Bangladeshi infiltrators entering Murshidabad district.[14][15]

Decadal Population Growth Rate (%)

5
10
15
20
25
30
1971-1981
1981-1991
1991-2001
2001-2011
  •   Beldanga II CD Block
  •   Murshidabad district
  •   West Bengal

Sources: [16][17][18][19][20][21]

Villages

Large villages Beldanga II CD Block were (2011 census population figures in brackets): Kamnagar (7,923), Kataikona (4,191), Mian (4,968), Saktipur (13,123), Mahata (5,000), Gholla (4,881), Manikahar (8,114), Palitpara (5,523), Bachhara (5,127), Dakshin Bachhara (4,112), Rejinagar (10,103), Rampara Faridpur (7,768), Pilkhana (5,293), Takipur (5,908), Sadhukhali (4,154), Amarpur (5,829), Bikal Nagar (4,841), Jainagar (5,422), Loknathpur (9,512), Nazirpur (6,912), Gopalpur (6,304), Kashipur (11,967), Jhikra (8,075) and Andulbaria (13,929),Sompara (2,577).

Literacy

As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Beldanga II CD Block was 146,321 (67.86% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 79,229 (71.10% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 67,092 (64.40% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 6.70%.[8]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion

In the 2001 census, Bengali was mother tongue of 98.3% of the population in Murshidabad district, followed by Santhali 0.8%, Hindi 0.4%, Telugu 0.2% and Urdu 0.1%.[22]

Religion in Beldanga II CD Block
Muslim
  
61.82%
Hindu
  
38.05%
Others
  
0.13%

In the 2011 census, Muslims numbered 154,827 and formed 61.82% of the population in Beldanga II CD Block. Hindus numbered 95,301 and formed 38.05% of the population. Others numbered 330 and formed 0.13% of the population. In Beldanga I and Beldanga II CD Blocks taken together while the proportion of Muslims increased from 64.65% in 1991 to 67.95% in 2001,the proportion of Hindus declined from 35.35% in 1991 to 31.91% in 2001.[23][24]

Murshidabad district, one of the three Muslim majority districts of West Bengal, had 4,707,573 Muslims who formed 66.27% of the population, 2,359,061 Hindus who formed 33.21% of the population, and 37, 173 persons belonging to other religions who formed 0.52% of the population, in the 2011 census. While the proportion of Muslim population in the district increased from 61.40% in 1991 to 63.67% in 2001, the proportion of Hindu population declined from 38.39% in 1991 to 35.92% in 2001.[23][25][26]

Murshidabad was the only Muslim majority district in West Bengal at the time of partition of India in 1947. The proportion of Muslims in the population of Murshidabad district in 1951 was 55.24%.[27][15]The Radcliffe Line had placed Muslim majority Murshidabad in India and the Hindu majority Khulna in Pakistan, in order to maintain the integrity of the Ganges river system In India.[28]

Rural poverty

According to India Today, writing about life in a Murshidabad village, : “National Sample Survey (NSS) data for 2009 accords the district the ignominious distinction of being India’s poorest, with an unbelieveable 56% of its population living below the ridiculously low Rs. 27 per capita per day poverty line recently proclaimed by the Planning Commission.”[29]

Economy

Livelihood

In Beldanga II CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 21.85%, agricultural labourers 35.01%, household industry workers 9.52% and other workers 33.62%.[30]

Infrastructure

There are 61 inhabited villages in Beldanga II CD Block. 100% villages have power supply and drinking water supply. 22 villages (36.07%) have post offices. 60 villages (98.36%) have telephones (including landlines, public call offices and mobile phones). 20 villages (32.79%) have a pucca approach road and 36 villages (59.02%) have transport communication (includes bus service, rail facility and navigable waterways). 7 villages (11.48%) have agricultural credit societies and 8 villages (13.11%) have banks.[31]

Agriculture

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Beldanga II CD Block

  Bargadars (2.93%)
  Patta holders (7.81%)
  Small farmers (5.42%)
  Marginal farmers (37.74%)
  Agricultural labourers (46.10%)

From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[32]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Beldanga I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 1,866 (2.93%,) patta (document) holders 4,976 (7.81%), small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3,455 (5.42%), marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 24,042 (37.74%) and agricultural labourers 29,371 (46.10%).[30]

Beldanga II CD Block had 58 fertiliser depots, 2 seed stores and 50 fair price shops in 2013-14.[30]

In 2013-14, Beldanga II CD Block produced 86,266 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 28,093 hectares, 21,043 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 6,264 hectares, 642 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 226 hectares, 17,434 tonnes of wheat from 6,125 hectares, 3 tonnes of maize from 1 hectare, 126,538 tonnes of jute from 8,855 hectares, 4,095 tonnes of potatoes from 199 hectares and 160,074 tonnes of sugar cane from 2,370 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[30]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Beldanga II CD Block was 11,673 hectares, out of which 425 hectares were irrigated with tank water, 647 hectares by river lift irrigation, 101 hectares by deep tube wells, and 10,500 hectares by other means.[30]

Silk and handicrafts

Murshidabad is famous for its silk industry since the middle ages. There are three distinct categories in this industry, namely (i) Mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing (ii) Peeling of raw silk (iii) Weaving of silk fabrics.[33]Prime locations for weaving (silk and cotton) are: Khargram, Raghunathganj I, Nabagram, Beldanga I, Beldanga II and Raninagar-I CD Blocks.[34]

Ivory carving is an important cottage industry from the era of the Nawabs. The main areas where this industry has flourished are Khagra and Jiaganj. 99% of ivory craft production is exported. In more recent years sandalwood etching has become more popular than ivory carving. Bell metal and Brass utensils are manufactured in large quantities at Khagra, Berhampore, Kandi and Jangipur. Beedi making has flourished in the Jangipur subdivision.[33][35]

Banking

In 2013-14, Beldanaga II CD Block had offices of 8 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[30]

Transport

Beldanga II CD Block has 10 ferry services and 5 originating/ terminating bus routes.[30]

The Ranaghat-Lalgola branch line was opened in 1905. It passes through this CD Block and there is a station at Rejinagar.[36]

NH 12 (old number NH 34) passes through this block.[37]

Education

In 2013-14, Beldanga II CD Block had 105 primary schools with 14,884 students, 18 middle schools with 3,241 students, 6 high school with 6,100 students and 10 higher secondary schools with 19,647 students. Beldanga II CD Block had 345 institutions for special and non-formal education with 16,358 students[30]

In Beldanga II CD Block, amongst the 61 inhabited villages, 1 village did not have a school, 49 villages had more than 1 primary school, 22 villages had at least 1 primary school, 40 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 18 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[38]

Healthcare

In 2014, Beldanga II CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 3 primary health centres and 2 private nursing homes with total 54 beds and 8 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 34 family welfare subcentres. 4,127 patients were treated indoor and 176,352 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[30]

Beldanga II CD Block has Shaktipur Rural Hospital at Shaktipur (with 30 beds), Ramnagar-Bachra Primary Health Centre at Bachra (with 10 beds), Sompara PHC (wth 4 beds) and Andulberia PHC at Nazirpur (with 10 beds).[39]

Beldanga II CD Block is one of the areas of Murshidabad district where ground water is affected by high level of arsenic contamination. The WHO guideline for arsenic in drinking water is 10 mg/ litre, and the Indian Standard value is 50 mg/ litre. All but one of the 26 blocks of Murshidabad district have arsenic contamination above the WHO level, all but two of the blocks have arsenic concentration above the Indian Standard value and 17 blocks have arsenic concentration above 300 mg/litre. The maximum concentration in Beldanga II CD Block is 345 mg/litre.[40]

References

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Physiography, Page 13. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  2. ^ "Murshidabad". Geography. Murshidabad district authorities. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Beldanga II Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  4. ^ "Types and sources of floods in Murshidabad, West Bengal" (PDF). Swati Mollah. Indian Journal of Applied Research, February 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad, Tables 2.1, 2.2". Note: At the time of uploading of the revised version of this page the internet version of the District Statistical Handbook had been taken off but there is a print version. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Murshidabad with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Murshidabad - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – Mushidabad district. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-12. 
  11. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Brief Analysis of Inset Tables based on Primary Census Abstract 2011 (Inset Tables 1-35), Table I: Decadal change in population of Tahsils (Sub-district) by Residence, 2001-2011, Page. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  12. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Growth Rate, Page 44. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  13. ^ "Decadal Growth Rate". Mps of India. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  14. ^ "Bangladeshi Infiltration: The Reality Check". The Pioneer, 27 June 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  15. ^ a b "Report taking shape amid infiltration buzz". The Telegraph, 23 August 2005. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  16. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Growth Rate, Page 44. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
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  20. ^ "Population explosion in West Bengal: a survey". Table 1.1 Popluation in West Bengal 1941-1991. South Asian Research Society. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  21. ^ "Final Population Totals West Bengal" (PDF). Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  22. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Mother-tongue, page 48. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  23. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  24. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 17.1, Population by religion in the blocks of Murshidabad. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  25. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 2.10, Population by religion in the district of Murshidabad, 1991 and 2001. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  26. ^ "Bengal beats India in Muslim growth rate". The Times of India, 26 August 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  27. ^ "The rise and rise of Muslims in West Bengal". Dinajpur-Maldah-Murshidabad-Birbhum region. Hindu Post. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
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