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A bedug in Samarinda.
Percussion instrument
Other names Beduk, Bedhug
Classification Membranophone
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 211.212.1
(Cylindrical drum)
Developed Indonesia
Model of a Sundanese mosque with bedug hung horizontally in lower right, front part of the building. On the side of the bedug, a slit drum is hung vertically.

The beduk (Indonesian: bedug error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) is one of the drums used in the gamelan. It is also used among Muslims in Java in religious purposes.[1][2]


Unlike the more frequently-used kendang, the bedug is suspended from a rack and played with a padded mallet. It is similar in size or larger to the largest kendang. It is not adjustable like the kendang, but has pegs holding the two identical heads in place, similar to the Japanese taiko. Its sound is generally deeper and duller than that of the kendang.

Bedug is made as a big double-barreled drum[1] with water buffalo leather on both sides.[2]


The bedug is not used in most gamelan performances, but is used in special ensembles like the gamelan sekaten, where it takes the place of the kempul.[3] In some pieces it is used together with the kendang, especially to accompany dance.

Bedug also commonly used in mosques in Java among Javanese and Sundanese people to preclude the adhan as a sign for prayer,[4] or during Islamic festivals.[1] For example, bedug is used to signal the end of the daylong fast during Ramadan, sometimes it is used to signal time for Suhoor during Ramadan.[5] When used to signal time for Friday prayer, bedug is beaten in a different way than in ordinary prayers.[2] Bedug is also used to celebrate takbiran, a night before Eid ul-Fitr when people chant takbir and hit the bedug drum in Indonesian Lebaran tradition.


  1. ^ a b c Rasmussen, Anne K. (2010). Women, the Recited Qur'an, and Islamic Music in Indonesia. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-25549-4. 
  2. ^ a b c Muhaimin, Abdul Ghoffir (2006). The Islamic traditions of Cirebon: ibadat and adat among Javanese Muslims. ANU E Press. ISBN 978-1-920942-30-4. 
  3. ^ Lindsay, Jennifer. Javanese Gamelan. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1979. ISBN 0-19-580413-9. Page 47.
  4. ^ George, Kenneth M. (2010). Picturing Islam: Art and Ethics in a Muslim Lifeworld. John Wiley and Sons. p. 77. ISBN 978-1-4051-2957-2. 
  5. ^ Ramadan and Lebaran in Indonesia

External links

  • NIU site on the bedug, with illustration
  • Virtual Instrument Museum
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