Bayin Htwe

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Thiri Thudhamma Yaza Bayin Htwe
သီရိသုဓမ္မရာဇာ ဘုရင်ထွေး
King of Prome
Reign 1526–1532
Predecessor Thado Minsaw
Successor Narapati
Born c. 1470s
Tharrawaddy (Thayawadi)
Ava Kingdom
Died c. June 1533
outside Prome (Pyay)
Prome Kingdom
Consort Shwe Zin Gon
Chit Mi
Issue
among others...
Narapati
Minkhaung
Minkhaung Medaw
Narapati Medaw
Laygyun Mibaya
Full name
Thiri Thudhamma Yaza
House Mohnyin
Father Thado Minsaw
Mother Myat Hpone Pyo
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Bayin Htwe (Burmese: ဘုရင်ထွေး, pronounced [bəjɪ̀ɴ tʰwé]; c. 1470s–1533) was king of Prome (Pyay) from 1526 to 1532. His small kingdom, founded by his father Thado Minsaw in 1482, was conquered by the Confederation of Shan States in 1532, and he was taken prisoner to Upper Burma. He was later released, and returned to Prome only to be refused entry by his son Narapati. Bayin Htwe died at the outskirts of Prome (Pyay) in mid 1533.

Brief

Political Map of Burma (Myanmar) in 1530

Bayin Htwe was a son of Thado Minsaw who proclaimed independence of his minor kingdom from Ava in 1482. Htwe ascended the throne in 1526 after his father's death. His formal title was Thiri Thudhamma Yaza (သီရိသုဓမ္မရာဇာ).[1] The new king soon incurred the wrath of Saw Lon, the leader of Confederation of Shan States because he did not send help in the Confederation's war against Ava in 1526–1527. His father had been an ally of Lon, and sent troops in their 1524–1525 assault on Ava. In 1532, Lon and his Confederation armies (12,000 troops, 800 horses and 30 elephants) laid siege to Prome. Htwe surrendered in late 1532, and was sent to Dabayin in Upper Burma in exile. Htwe's son Narapati was appointed vassal king.[2]

Htwe's life in captivity was cut short after Lon was assassinated by his own ministers near Myedu, enabling his return to Prome. He arrived back at the outskirts of Prome, five months after he lost his throne. But Narapati did not allow him back in the city. He died about a month later in the adjoining forests.[2][3]

Family

His legacy lived on through his offspring. Two of his sons, Narapati and Minkhaung, became rulers of Prome, albeit as vassals of Ava. Two of his daughters, Salin Mibaya and Laygyun Mibaya, respectively were married to Viceroy Thado Dhamma Yaza II of Prome and Viceroy Minkhaung II of Toungoo.[4][5] Another daughter, Minkhaung Medaw was married to King Taka Yut Pi of Hanthawaddy, and later to King Min Bin of Arakan.[6][7] He was the maternal grandfather of Queen Hsinbyushin Medaw of Lan Na and Queen Min Taya Medaw, a principal queen of King Nanda of Toungoo Dynasty.[5]

Queen Rank Issue Reference
Shwe Zin Gon Chief queen Narapati, King of Prome (r. 1532–1539)
Mingyi Saw (d. aged 19)
daughter (d. aged 14 or 19)
Narapati Medaw, Vicereine of Prome (r. 1551–1588)
[note 1]
Chit Mi Principal queen Minkhaung, King of Prome (r. 1539–1542)
Minkhaung Medaw, Queen of Hanthawaddy (r. 1534/35–1539) and Queen of Arakan (r. 1540–1554)
Laygyun Mibaya, Vicereine of Toungoo (r. 1549–1584)
son (died young)

Ancestry

The following is his ancestry as reported in the Hmannan Yazawin chronicle, which in turn referenced contemporary inscriptions.[note 2] His parents were first cousins.

Notes

  1. ^ The issue list generally follows the lists provided in the main Burmese chronicles Maha Yazawin, Yazawin Thit and Hmannan Yazawin except for Minkhaung Medaw, whose mother is reported in the chronicles as Shwe Zin Gon. (Maha Yazawin Vol. 3 2006: 89), (Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 329) and (Hmannan Yazawin Vol. 3 2003: 88) all say that the third daughter by Queen Shwe Zin Gon was named Minkhaung Medaw, who died at either in her 20th year (at age 19; Maha and Hmannan) or in her 15th year (age 14; Yazawin Thit). (Maha Yazawin Vol. 3 2006: 83) says that Queen Chit Mi and Bayin Htwe had issue: Minkhaung, a daughter who died young, Laygyun Mibaya and a son; (Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 329) says the couple had Minkhaung, daughter married to Taka Yut Pi, Laygyun Mibaya and a son who died young; (Hmannan Vol. 3 2003: 80) gives Minkhaung, Laygyun Mibaya, a daughter who died young, and a son. However, the chronicles' reporting of Queen Minkhaung Medaw as the full sister of King Narapati is most probably a mix-up. First, the Arakanese chronicle Rakhaine Razawin Thit (RRT Vol. 2 1999: 33) identifies the queen who became King Min Bin's Tanzaung Mibaya as Queen Minkhaung Medaw, who according to the main Burmese chronicles was already dead in her teenage years. Furthermore, the title Minkhaung Medaw (lit. "Minkhaung's younger sister") indicates that she was more likely Minkhaung's full sister than Narapati's.
  2. ^ See (Hmannan Vol. 2 2003: 82–84) and (Hmannan Vol. 3 2003: 80, 88) for his ancestors.

References

  1. ^ Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 328
  2. ^ a b Maha Yazawin Vol. 2 2006: 116–117
  3. ^ Phayre 1967: 88
  4. ^ Maha Yazawin Vol. 3 2006: 83
  5. ^ a b Maha Yazawin Vol. 3 2006: 89
  6. ^ Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 329
  7. ^ RRT Vol. 2 1999: 33

Bibliography

Bayin Htwe
Born: c. 1470s Died: c. June 1533
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Thado Minsaw
King of Prome
1526 – 1532
Succeeded by
Narapati
as vassal of Mohnyin
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