Bayankhongor

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Bayankhongor
Баянхонгор
ᠪᠠᠶ᠋ᠠᠩᠬᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠤᠷ
District
Bayankhongor District
Official Cyrillic transcription(s)
 • Mongolian Cyrillic Баянхонгор
Classical Mongolian transcription(s)
 • Mongolian script ᠪᠠᠶ᠋ᠠᠩᠬᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠤᠷ
Bayankhongor is located in Mongolia
Bayankhongor
Bayankhongor
Location in Mongolia
Coordinates: 46°11′30″N 100°43′04″E / 46.19167°N 100.71778°E / 46.19167; 100.71778Coordinates: 46°11′30″N 100°43′04″E / 46.19167°N 100.71778°E / 46.19167; 100.71778
Country Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia
Province Bayankhongor
Area
 • Total 64.0 km2 (24.7 sq mi)
Elevation 1,874 m (6,148 ft)
Population (2017)
 • Total 30,931
 • Density 480/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8
Area code(s) +976 (0)144
Climate BSk
License plate БХ_ (_ variable)

Bayankhongor or Bayanhongor (Mongolian: Баянхонгор, lit. 'rich darling') is the capital of the Bayankhongor Province (aimag) in Mongolia. The administration of the Bayankhongor Sum (district) is also located in the same place. The city is at an elevation of 1859 m above sea level, and has a population of 26,252 (2006).

Climate

Bayankhongor experiences a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with long, dry, very cold winters and short, warm summers.

Climate data for Bayankhongor
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.9
(35.4)
11.6
(52.9)
16.4
(61.5)
24.4
(75.9)
28.3
(82.9)
32.3
(90.1)
34.4
(93.9)
33.5
(92.3)
28.6
(83.5)
23.5
(74.3)
13.6
(56.5)
7.0
(44.6)
34.4
(93.9)
Average high °C (°F) −11.4
(11.5)
−7.2
(19)
−1.1
(30)
8.9
(48)
17.4
(63.3)
22.1
(71.8)
23.0
(73.4)
21.5
(70.7)
15.9
(60.6)
7.6
(45.7)
−3.1
(26.4)
−9.5
(14.9)
7
(44.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −18.3
(−0.9)
−16.2
(2.8)
−8.2
(17.2)
0.9
(33.6)
9.6
(49.3)
15.0
(59)
16.2
(61.2)
14.5
(58.1)
8.2
(46.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
−10.9
(12.4)
−17.0
(1.4)
−0.5
(31.1)
Average low °C (°F) −23.7
(−10.7)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−14.8
(5.4)
−5.8
(21.6)
2.0
(35.6)
7.9
(46.2)
10.1
(50.2)
8.2
(46.8)
2.1
(35.8)
−5.7
(21.7)
−16.1
(3)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−6.7
(20)
Record low °C (°F) −38.1
(−36.6)
−38.8
(−37.8)
−31.5
(−24.7)
−23.1
(−9.6)
−15.0
(5)
−4.5
(23.9)
1.6
(34.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
−11.2
(11.8)
−24.7
(−12.5)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−39.9
(−39.8)
−39.9
(−39.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.0
(0.079)
2.8
(0.11)
4.1
(0.161)
8.6
(0.339)
14.4
(0.567)
33.3
(1.311)
56.2
(2.213)
48.2
(1.898)
18.3
(0.72)
7.0
(0.276)
2.7
(0.106)
1.8
(0.071)
199.4
(7.851)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.7 2.3 5.2 8.0 5.5 2.7 1.3 0.8 0.4 30.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 260.5 223.7 271.5 275.1 320.1 309.6 308.8 293.2 280.8 261.7 220.6 205.4 3,231
Source: NOAA (1962-1990) [1]

Administration

The subdivisions (bags) of Bayankhongor sum[2]
# bag name Mongolian Population
(end of 2006)
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Nomgon Номгон 3,426 10 343
2 Erdenemandal Эрдэнэмандал 2,309 12 192
3 Duursakh Дуурсах 2,753 10 275
4 Ugalz Угалз 4,066 11 370
5 Tsagaan chuluut Цагаан чулуут 3,441 10 344
6 Gegeen shavi Гэгээн шавь 2,757 11 251
7 Tsakhir Цахир 6,392 7 913
Bayankhongor city proper 25,144 71* 354
8 Shargaljuut** Шаргалжуут 1,444 ... ...

* city area data in referenced sources are inconsistent.

** Shargaljuut is an urban-type settlement under Bayankhongor sum jurisdiction. Shargaljuut is located 54 km NE from Bayankhongor city.

Transportation

The Bayankhongor Airport (BVN/ZMBH) has two runways, one of them paved, and is served by regular flights to Ulaanbaatar.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Rinchinlhymbe Climate Normals 1962-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
  2. ^ "Bayankhongor Aimag Statistical Office 2006 annual report: bag population" (PDF). [dead link]
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