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Total population
Regions with significant populations
 Mongolia 56,573[1]
Tibetan Buddhism, Shamanism , Atheism
Related ethnic groups
Mongols, especially Oirats

The Bayad (Mongol: Баяд/Bayad, lit. "the Riches") is the third largest subgroup of the Mongols in Mongolia and they are a tribe in Four Oirats. Bayads were a prominent clan within the Mongol Empire. Bayads can be found in both Mongolic and Turkic peoples. Within Mongols, the clan is spread through Khalkha, Inner Mongolians, Buryats and Oirats.


Mongol Empire c.1207
Mongol states XIV-XVII: 1.Northern Yuan dynasty 2.Four Oirat 3.Karadel 4. Moghulistan

The Bayid are originated from Bayaud (Bayagud) tribes called Jida Bayagud (Bayaud of Jida river), Bayaud Duklas, Kheeriin Bayaud, who were inhabitants of eastern valleys of Selenge River. The Bayad Mongols were inhabitants of the Jida river, Selenge River valleys and Russian Kyakhtinsky District but they moved to the southwest in the 17th century.[2]

They played influential roles in the Mongol Empire, later becoming part of the Four Oirat confederation.

Notable members

Modern demographics

Today, Bayads are settled in the districts of Khyargas, Malchin, Tes, Züüngovi, Baruunturuun and Naranbulag in the province of Uvs. According to the census taken in 2000, 50,824 Bayads currently live in Mongolia. [3]


  1. ^ National Census 2010 Archived 2011-09-15 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ History of Mongolia, Volume II, 2003
  3. ^ Хойт С.К. Последние данные по локализации и численности ойрат // Проблемы этногенеза и этнической культуры тюрко-монгольских народов. Вып. 2. Элиста: Изд-во КГУ, 2008. с. 136-157. - in Russian


  • [ Хойт С.К. Антропологические характеристики калмыков по данным исследователей XVIII-XIX вв. // Вестник Прикаспия: археология, история, этнография. № 1. Элиста: Изд-во КГУ, 2008. с. 220-243.]
  • [ Хойт С.К. Калмыки в работах антропологов первой половины XX вв. // Вестник Прикаспия: археология, история, этнография. № 3, 2012. с. 215-245.]

See also

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