Bavarian pine vole

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Bavarian pine vole
Pine vole.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Cricetidae
Subfamily: Arvicolinae
Genus: Microtus
Subgenus: Terricola
M. bavaricus
Binomial name
Microtus bavaricus
(König, 1962)

The Bavarian pine vole (Microtus bavaricus) is a vole from the Austrian, Italian, and Bavarian Alps of Europe. It lives in moist meadows at elevations of 600 to 1,000 meters. There are 23 museum specimens of this species. This rodent was previously known to live in only one location, Garmisch-Partenkirchen in Bavaria, which was altered by the construction of a hospital in the 1980s. No specimens of this rodent were recorded after 1962 and it was thought to be extinct. However, a population apparently belonging to this species was discovered in 2000 in Northern Tyrol, just across the German-Austrian border. An Austrian scientist, Friederike Spitzenberger, stumbled upon the species in a live trap. Its species status was confirmed by genetic studies, and it was found to be very closely related to Liechtenstein's vole (Microtus liechtensteini) from the Eastern Alps.[1] Further research is required to determine the size and range of the population and the species has been re-assessed as Critically Endangered by the IUCN.

See also


  1. ^ Martínková, Natália; Zima, Jan; Jaarola, Maarit; Macholán, Miloš; Spitzenberger, Friederike (2007). "The origin and phylogenetic relationships of Microtus bavaricus based on karyotype and mitochondrial DNA sequences" (PDF). Folia Zool. 56 (1): 39–49.
  • Spitzenberger, F.; Zima, J.; Meinig, H. & Vohralík, V. (2008). "Microtus bavaricus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T13461A3985949. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T13461A3985949.en. Retrieved 11 January 2018. Database entry includes justification for why this species is listed as critically endangered.
  • 'A Gap in Nature' by Tim Flannery and Peter Schouten (2001), published by William Heinemann
  • Musser, G. G. and M. D. Carleton. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. pp. 894–1531 in Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
  • The Extinction Website, published by Peter Maas
  • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Microtus bavaricus

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