Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art

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Bayerischer Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst

The Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art (German: Bayerischer Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst) was first established on 28 November 1853 by King Maximilian II. von Bayern. It is awarded to acknowledge and reward excellent and outstanding achievements in the field of science and art. From 1933 onwards (with the beginning of the Nazi regime) the order was no longer awarded, until 1980 when it was reinstated by the then Minister-President of the Free State of Bavaria Franz Josef Strauß.[1] Munich jewellers Hemmerle have been responsible for making the medal since 1905. [2]

Preamble

In continuation of a bavarian tradition, the Bavarian Maximialian Order for Art and Sciences was created. It is awarded to reward outstanding achievements in the field of science and art. (In Fortsetzung alter bayerischer Tradition wird der Bayerische Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst geschaffen. Mit ihm sollen herausragende Leistungen auf dem Gebieten von Wissenschaft und Kunst ausgezeichnet werden.)[1]

Criteria

The Maximilian Order is preferable awarded to German scientist and artist. It is not restricted to citizens of Bavaria. The order was instituted in one class and two sections (science and art). The order is restricted to 100 living members.[3]

Nomination procedure

The Minister-President, the minister of state for their respective portfolio, and the two sections of the order are eligible to nominate new members. These proposals are evaluated by an advisory committee (Ordensbeirat). It gives its recommendation to the Minister-President for the final decision.[4]

The advisory committee consists of:

All members of the advisory committee are selected for a period of five years. The committee decides with the majority of its members.[4]

Members of the Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art

Since 1980 the order has been awarded to 213 recipients.[5] The number of living members of the order cannot exceed 100.[5] As of November 2016 there are 98 living members of the order.[5]

From 1853 to 1932 the order has been issued 351 times.[6]

References

Citation

  1. ^ a b Gesetz über den Bayerischen Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst vom 18. März 1980, Artikel 1 (German)
  2. ^ Royce-Greensill, Sarah. "Hemmerle celebrates 125 years with a collection inspired by its past as a medal-maker". Telegraph.co.uk. Telegraph. Retrieved 18 April 2018. 
  3. ^ Gesetz über den Bayerischen Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst vom 18. März 1980, Artikel 2 und 3 (German)
  4. ^ a b Gesetz über den Bayerischen Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst vom 18. März 1980, Artikel 6 (German)
  5. ^ a b c "Hinweis auf einen Termin von Ministerpräsident Seehofer: Ministerpräsident Seehofer verleiht Bayerischen Maximiliansorden / Seehofer: "Höchste Würdigung für exzellente Leistungen in Wissenschaft und Kunst"" (Press release) (in German). München: Bayerische Staatsregierung. 24 November 2016. Retrieved 21 February 2018. 
  6. ^ Körner 1984, p. 350.

Sources

  • Schreiber, Georg (1964). Die Bayerischen Orden und Ehrenzeichen (in German). Prestel-Verlag. 
  • Körner, Hans (1984). "Der Bayerische Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst und seine Mitglieder". Zeitschrift für Bayerische Landesgeschichte (in German). 47: 299–398. Retrieved 24 July 2012. ; as book: Hefte zur Bayerischen Landesgeschichte (in German). 2. Kommission für bayerische Landesgeschichte bei der Akademie der Wissenschaften. 2001. ISBN 3-7696-9700-6. 
  • "Gesetz über den Bayerischen Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst" (PDF). Bayerische Staatsregierung (in German). München. 18 March 1980. Retrieved 25 February 2018.  (The law)

External links

  • Official website
  • www.ordenmuseum.de: Der Bayerische Verdienstorden und Bayerischen Maximiliansorden für Wissenschaft und Kunst (German)
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