Battle of Poimanenon

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Battle of Poimanenon
Part of the Byzantine-Latin Wars
Date 1224
Location Poimanenon
Result Decisive Nicaean victory
Belligerents
Nicaean Empire Latin Empire
Commanders and leaders
John III Doukas Vatatzes Alexios Laskaris
Isaac Laskaris

The Battle of Poimanenon or Poemanenum was fought in early 1224 (or possibly late 1223) between the forces of two of the main successor states of the Byzantine Empire, the Latin Empire and the Byzantine Greek Empire of Nicaea. The opposing forces met at Poimanenon, south of Cyzicus in Mysia, near Lake Kuş..

Since the Treaty of Nymphaeum in 1214, the Latin Empire had controlled the northwestern littoral of Asia Minor, from Nicomedia to Adramyttium, as well as the Mysian plain. In November 1221, the energetic founder of the Nicaean Empire, Theodore I Laskaris, died,[1] and was succeeded by his son-in-law, John III Doukas Vatatzes, who had emerged as the victor out of the civil strife that had commenced since the death of Theodore I Laskaris.[1] The succession was disputed by Theodore's brothers, the sebastokratores Alexios Laskaris and Isaac Laskaris, who rose up in revolt and requested the aid of the Latin emperor, Robert of Courtenay. At the head of a Latin army, they marched against Vatatzes. The two armies met at Poimanenon, near a church dedicated to the Archangel Michael. In the ensuing battle, Vatatzes achieved a decisive victory; among the captives taken were the two Laskaris brothers, who were blinded.

This victory opened up the way for the recovery of most of the Latin possessions in Asia. Threatened both by Nicaea in Asia and Epirus in Europe, the Latin emperor sued for peace, which was concluded in 1225. According to its terms, the Latins abandoned all their Asian possessions except for the eastern shore of the Bosporus and the city of Nicomedia with the surrounding region.

References

  1. ^ a b Abulafia 1995, p. 547.

Sources

  • Abulafia, David (1995). The New Cambridge Medieval History: C.1198-c.1300. 5. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 052136289X. 
  • Macrides, Ruth (2007). George Akropolites: The History - Introduction, translation and commentary. Oxford University Press. pp. 165–169. ISBN 978-0-19-921067-1. 
  • Rakova, Snezhana (2002). "Battle of Poimanenon, 1224". Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor. Foundation of the Hellenic World. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  • Setton, Kenneth M. (1976). The Papacy and the Levant, 1204–1571: Volume I, The Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries. Philadelphia: The American Philosophical Society. p. 52. ISBN 0-87169-114-0. 

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