Battle of Bregalnica

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Battle of Bregalnica
Part of the Second Balkan War
Plan of the Battle of Bregalnitza.png
Sketch plan of the battle. Left: front on 30 June and Serbian attacks on 1 and 2 July. Right: Attacks of the Serbian 1st Army on 3 and 4 July and of the Serbian 3rd Army on 6–8 July.
Date 30 June – 9 July 1913
Location Bregalnica, Ottoman Empire (present-day Republic of Macedonia)
Result Serbian victory
Belligerents
 Bulgaria  Serbia
 Montenegro
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of Bulgaria Gen. Mihail Savov
Kingdom of Bulgaria Gen. Stiliyan Kovachev
Kingdom of Bulgaria Gen. Vicho Dikov
Kingdom of Serbia Field Marshal Radomir Putnik
Kingdom of Serbia Gen. Petar Bojović
Kingdom of Serbia Prince Aleksandar Karađorđević
Kingdom of Serbia Gen. Živojin Mišić
Kingdom of Montenegro Serdar Janko Vukotic
Kingdom of Montenegro Krsto Popović
Strength
ca. 130,000 men, guns (100 Infantry Battalions, 6 Cavalry Regiments, 63 Artillery Batteries) ca. 194,000 men, 235 guns (104 Infantry Battalions, 34 Cavalry Companies, 62 Artillery Batteries) *
Montenegrin division ca. 13,000 men, 6 guns and 24 machine guns
Casualties and losses
20,000[1] Total 16,620; of whom 3,000 killed[1]
Telegram from Pasic to London, about the success of Timok Division suppressing Bulgarian troops in Krivolak. (June 24, 1913)

The Battle of Bregalnica was fought between the Kingdom of Bulgaria army and the Kingdom of Serbia during the Second Balkan War. It was the largest battle of the war.

In Bulgarian history, the battles of Bregalnica and Kalimanci are considered as two parts of one single battle ending with the victory of the Serbian forces.

References

  1. ^ a b Hall, Richard (2000). The Balkan Wars, 1912-1913: Prelude to the First World War. Routledge. p. 112. ISBN 0-415-22946-4. 

Sources

  • Savo Skoko Vojvoda Radomir Putnik Vol.1; Beogradsko Grafičko-Izdavčki Zavod, 1984.
  • Hall, Richard C. (2000). The Balkan Wars, 1912–1913: Prelude to the First World War. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-22946-4. 

Notes

  • The numbers of the strength of Serbian Army do not indicate the exact strength of the forces deployed during the Battle of Bregalnica but rather the entire strength of the Serbian Army in Macedonia (the Operational group South, which included the combined 1st and 3rd Armies) at the beginning of hostilities.

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