Battle of Al-Qaryatayn (August 2015)

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Battle of Al-Qaryatayn (August 2015)
Part of the Syrian Civil War
Date 5 August 2015
(1 day)
Location Al-Qaryatayn, Homs Governorate, Syria
Result ISIL victory
Territorial
changes
Belligerents

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Syria Syrian Arab Republic

Commanders and leaders
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Abu Hassan Al Khatami Syria Talal al-Barazi
(Governor of the Homs Governorate)[1]
Casualties and losses
~27 militants killed 37 soldiers killed
230 civilians abducted by ISIL

The Battle of al-Qaryatayn (August 2015) was a military operation launched by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to capture the town of Al-Qaryatayn, in August 2015, during the Syrian Civil War.

Background

For much of the Syrian Civil War, which began in March 2011, al-Qaryatayn remained relatively neutral in the conflict. Town elders made agreements with both government forces and the rebels to stay out of the fighting. However, its location is strategic as it lies at a crossroads between the northern and southern parts of the country. Al-Qaryatayn has served as conduit for both sides. Rebels smuggle arms from the north to rebel fighters in Damascus, while the government uses the town to reinforce and resupply their forces in the north and west.[2] It has also been used as a corridor for defectors from the Syrian Army from across the country as highways from the northern, southern, eastern and western directions run through al-Qaryatayn.[3] In late May 2015, ISIL forces captured Palmyra and the surrounding countryside after a large offensive.[4]

ISIL takeover

On 5 August, ISIL captured the town of al-Qaryatayn.[5] This resulted in the deaths of 40 Syrian soldiers and 27 ISIL militants[citation needed]. It was reported that ISIL use deserts of Homs as launchpad for the attack on Al Qaraytain and the master mind of this operation was an ISIL Emir known as Abu Hassan Al Khatami. Abu Hassan was killed in the battle and ISIL renamed the battle after him as Battle of Abu Hassan Al Khatami in order to pay tribute to his services to ISIL.[6]

Aftermath

On 6 August, The Islamic State group abducted 230 civilians, including at least 60 Christians from Al-Qaryatayn.[7] ISIL later advanced even further, capturing Mahin and Huwwarin by 8 August, thus pushing hundreds of Christians to flee persecution.[8] However, the Syrian military recaptured Mahin later after intense airstrikes and ground force attack that killed 20 IS fighters.[9]

On 9 August, the SAAF bombed ISIL positions in al-Qaryatayn, resulting in the deaths of around 30 ISIL fighters as well as the destruction of seven vehicles and a rocket depot, according to governmental sources.[10] On 13 August, SOHR reported fierce fighting between the SAA and ISIL fighters in the area between Al-Qaryatayn and Mahin and Huwwarin, when ISIL attempted to advance towards the two towns.[11] ISIL briefly managed to capture both Mheen and Hawwarin west of Al-Qaryateyn city on 31st October in an attempted general offence on Sadad, before losing this territory 22nd-23rd November.[12]

The SAA later recaptured Al-Qaryatayn in the Battle of al-Qaryatayn (April 2016).

References

  1. ^ "At least 23 killed as IS advances on Syria's ancient metropolis of Palmyra". Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  2. ^ Neutral Syrian town drawn into battle. Al Jazeera English. 2013-04-24.
  3. ^ Syrian defectors converge on central town. Al Jazeera English. 2013-04-26.
  4. ^ Islamic State Seizes Ancient City from Syrian Forces
  5. ^ "Islamic State 'seizes Syria town of al-Qaryatain' in Homs province". BBC News. Retrieved 6 August 2015. 
  6. ^ See ISIL video titled "Battle of Abu Hassan Al Khatami" on isdarat.com
  7. ^ "Islamic State Abducts Dozens Of Syrian Christians". 7 August 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "Activists: Hundreds of Syrian Christians flee 'Islamic State' advance". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. Archived from the original on 17 August 2015. Retrieved 9 August 2015. 
  9. ^ Leith Fadel. "Syrian Army Secures a Syriac Christian Town in East Homs". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 2017-03-02. 
  10. ^ "Aviación siria abate a 30 miembros de EIIL en la provincia de Homs" (in Spanish). HispanTV. 9 August 2015. Retrieved 9 August 2015. 
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 August 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-28. 
  12. ^ "Syrian army re-takes control of two ISIS-held towns". Metro. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2016. 

Coordinates: 34°14′00″N 37°14′00″E / 34.2333°N 37.2333°E / 34.2333; 37.2333

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