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This article is about the Philippine province. For other uses, see Bataan (disambiguation).
Province of Bataan
Bataan Provincial Capitol in Balanga
Bataan Provincial Capitol in Balanga
Flag of Bataan
Official seal of Bataan
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°40′N 120°25′E / 14.67°N 120.42°E / 14.67; 120.42Coordinates: 14°40′N 120°25′E / 14.67°N 120.42°E / 14.67; 120.42
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Founded 1754
Capital Balanga
 • Type Sangguniang Panlalawigan
 • Governor Albert Garcia (NUP)
 • Vice Governor Efren Dominic Pascual (LP)
 • Total 1,372.98 km2 (530.11 sq mi)
Area rank 71st out of 81
Population (2015 census)[2]
 • Total 760,650
 • Rank 39th out of 81
 • Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Density rank 8th out of 81
 • Independent cities 0
 • Component cities
 • Municipalities
 • Barangays 237
 • Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Bataan
 • Ethnic groups
 • Languages
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 2100–2114
IDD:area code +63 (0)47
ISO 3166 code PH-BAN

Bataan (/bɑːtɑːˈɑːn/ Filipino: Lalawigan ng Bataan; Kapampangan: Lalawigan ning Bataan) is a province situated in the Central Luzon region of the Philippines. Its capital is the City of Balanga. Occupying the entire Bataan Peninsula on Luzon, Bataan is bordered by the provinces of Zambales and Pampanga to the north. The peninsula faces the South China Sea to the west and Subic Bay to the north-west, and encloses Manila Bay to the east.

The Battle of Bataan is famous in history as one of the last stands of American and Filipino soldiers before they were overwhelmed by the Japanese forces in World War II. The Bataan Death March was named after the province, where the infamous march started.

Located within the province is the Philippines' only nuclear power plant, the non-functioning Bataan Nuclear Power Plant.


In 1647, Dutch naval forces landed in country in an attempt to seize the islands from Spain. The Dutch massacred the people of Abucay in Bataan.

Historian Cornelio Bascara documents that the province of Bataan was established in January 11, 1757 by Governor-General Pedro Manuel Arandia out of territories belonging to Pampanga and the corregimiento of Mariveles which, at the time, included Maragondon, Cavite across the Manila Bay.[3][4]

World War II

Main article: Battle of Bataan

Bataan featured prominently during World War II. Prior to the 1941 Japanese invasion, the US Army stored nearly 1,000,000 US gallons (3,800 m3) of gasoline there.

March 1942: burning houses after a Japanese bombing raid in Bataan

Shortly after the Japanese Army invaded the country in December 1941, the combined US and Filipino forces were being gradually overrun and General Douglas MacArthur moved his troops to the Bataan Peninsula in an attempt to hold out until a relief force could be sent from the US. Japanese forces started a siege of the peninsula on January 7, 1942, and launched an all-out assault on April 3, a few months after the Battle of the Points.

The majority of the American and Filipino forces surrendered on April 9 and were forced to march more than a 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Bataan to Capas-Tarlac, which became known as the Bataan Death March.

Further information: Bataan Death March

Luções and Federal Sate

The Administration of President Rodrigo Duterte is currently pushing for federalism in the country, with Region III to be a state of the federation.[citation needed] Scholars in the region[who?] have suggested naming the state the State of Luções, named after the historic collective name of the people of Luzon. During precolonial times, when the power of the kingdoms in present-day Metro Manila was declining,[citation needed] the people of Myanmar, Timor, and Malacca had transactions with the Luções. Luções were known as skilled mercenaries, merchants, and even battle soldiers.[citation needed] They aided in the war campaigns of Myanmar, Malacca, and Timor.[citation needed] When the Spanish came and stormed Luzon, the ties of the Luceos with their ally countries were cut and the Luções were turned into commoners and 'indios' by the Spaniards.[unreliable source?][5]


A view of the Bataan Peninsula from Manila Bay
Bataan as seen from Manila Bay

The province has an area of 1,372.98 square kilometres (530.11 sq mi),[6] and covers the entire Bataan Peninsula, a rocky extension of the Zambales Mountains jutting out into the South China Sea, enclosing the Manila Bay. At the northern portion of the peninsula is Mount Natib (elevation 1,253 metres (4,111 ft)) and its surrounding mountains, separated from Mount Samat and the Mariveles Mountains in the south by a pass.[4]

A narrow coastline plain characterizes the eastern portion of the province, while the western coast features many ridges, cliffs and headlands.[4]

Administrative divisions

Bataan is politically subdivided into 11 municipalities and one component city.


Population census
of Bataan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 425,803 —    
1995 491,459 +2.72%
2000 557,659 +2.75%
2007 662,153 +2.40%
2010 687,482 +1.38%
2015 760,650 +1.94%
Source: National Statistics Office[2][7][7]

The population of Bataan in the 2015 census was 760,650 people,[2] with a density of 550 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,400 inhabitants per square mile.


Various religious groups are subscribed to by the people but Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion, comprising 85% of the Bataan population.[citation needed] Aglipayan as well as several Christian faiths are the minority.


Schools, colleges and universities

  • Acuña Welding School — Hermosa
  • AMA Computer Learning Center — Balanga
  • Antonio G. Llamas Elementary School — Mariveles
  • Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies
  • Bataan Christian School — Pilar
  • Bataan Heroes Memorial College — Balanga
  • Bataan Maritime Institute — Balanga
  • Bataan Montessori School, Inc. — Balanga
  • Bataan National High School (formerly Arellano Memorial (Bataan) High School) — Balanga
  • Bataan Peninsula State University — Balanga, Dinalupihan, Orani
  • Bataan School of Fisheries — Orion
  • BEPZ Multinational School (formerly Jose Abad Santos Memorial School) — Mariveles
  • BLC International School (formerly Bataan Learning Center)
  • Bonifacio Camacho National High School — Abucay
  • Cabcaben Elementary School — Mariveles
  • Colegio de San Juan de Letran — Abucay
  • College of Subic Montessori — Dinalupihan
  • DSOB — Blessed Regina Protmann Catholic School — Mariveles
  • DSOB — Holy Rosary Parochial Institute — Orani
  • DSOB — St. Catherine of Siena Academy — Samal
  • DSOB — St. James Catholic School of Morong — Morong
  • DSOB — St. John Academy — Dinalupihan
  • DSOB — St. Michael the Archangel Academy — Orion
  • DSOB — St. Nicholas Catholic School — Mariveles
  • DSOB — St. Peter of Verona Academy — Hermosa
  • Eastwoods College of Science and Technology — Dinalupihan
  • EastWoods Professional College of Science and Technology (formerly SOFTNET College of Science and Technology)
  • Jose Rizal Institute — Orion and Orani
  • Limay National High School — Limay
  • Limay Polytechnic College — Limay
  • Llamas Memorial Institute — Mariveles
  • Maritime Academy of Asia and the Pacific — Mariveles
  • Mariveles National High School — Cabcaben — Mariveles
  • Mariveles National High School — Poblacion — Mariveles
  • Microcity Computer College
  • Mountain View Village School — Mariveles
  • Northridge Montessori School — Pilar
  • Orion National High School — Orion
  • The Peninsula School, Incorporated — Limay
  • Philippine Women's University — CDCEC Bataan
  • Polytechnic University of the Philippines — Mariveles
  • St. Joseph College's of Balanga
  • Saint Michael the Archangel Academy — Orion
  • St. Nicholas Catechetical Center — Mariveles
  • Softnet Information Technology Center — Mariveles
  • TESDA Provincial and Regional Training Center — Orion and Mariveles
  • Thy Word International Bible College Extension — Mariveles
  • Tomas del Rosario College — Balanga
  • TWI, Bethel Bible College Extension — Balanga
  • Wellcare Institute of Science & Technology — Pilar

Tourist attractions

Historical places

  • Bataan Death March Marker (Orani)
  • Bataan First Line of Defense (Layac, Dinalupihan)
  • Filipino-Japanese Friendship Tower (Bagac)
  • Limbagang Pinpin (Abucay)
  • Mount Samat — Shrine of Valor (Pilar)
  • World War II Museum (Balanga)
  • Zero Kilometre Death March Marker (Mariveles)


  • Nuestra Señora del Pilar Church — Morong
  • Nuestra Señora del Pilar Church — Pilar
  • Nuestra Señora, Virgen Milagrosa del Rosario Church — Orani, declared as a diocesan-shrine by the Diocese of Balanga. It is home to the miraculous image of the Our Lady of the Holy Rosary which was canonically crowned 18 April 1959.
  • San Francisco de Asis Church — Limay
  • San Jose Cathedral — Balanga City, was declared as a diocesan-shrine and is the seat of the Diocese of Balanga
  • San Juan Bautista Church — Dinalupihan
  • San Miguel Arcangel Church — Orion
  • San Nicolas de Tolentino Church — Mariveles
  • San Pedro Martir de Verona Church — Hermosa
  • Santa Catalina de Alexandria Church — Bagac
  • Santa Catalina de Siena Church — Samal
  • Santo Domingo de Guzman Church — Abucay, the oldest church in Bataan

Other places of interest

Natural places of interest

  • Ambon-ambon (Lumutan) Falls (Binukawan, Bagac)
  • Anvaya Cove (Morong)
  • Balong Anito (Mariveles)
  • Bataan National Park
  • Camaya Coast (Mariveles)
  • Claubel Beach Resort (Mariveles)
  • Dunsulan Falls
  • Emerald Resort (Mariveles)
  • Mariveles Five Fingers (Mariveles)
  • Mount Mariveles
  • Mount Natib (Orani)
  • Panoypoy Cove (Mariveles)
  • Pasukulan Falls (Abucay)
  • Playa La Caleta (Morong)
  • Roosevelt Protected Landscape
  • San Miguel Mountain Peak (Mariveles)
  • Sibul Spring (Abucay)
  • Sinagtala & Vista Tala (Orani)
  • Talain Cove (Mariveles)
  • Tarak Ridge (Mariveles)
  • Tortugas Bay Park (Balanga)


Power plants

  • Bataan Nuclear Power Plant — Morong — not functioning — 600 megawatt in theory
  • GN Power Mariveles Coal Plant — Mariveles — consists of 2x330 megawatt (Gross) power blocks using proven Pulverized Coal Combustion technology
  • Dinginin Power Station — Mariveles — a 1,336 megawatt power station under construction on the Bataan Peninsula, on the island of Luzon in the Philippines
  • SMC Mariveles Coal Power Plant — Mariveles — under construction — a 4x150 megawatt circulating fluidized bed coal-fired power plant
  • SMC Limay Greenfield Power Plant — Limay — has a 4x150 megawatt capacity
  • Petron Cogeneration Power Plant — Limay — has a 4x35 megawatt capacity
  • Panasia Bataan Combined Cycle Power Plant — Limay — a 620 megawatt diesel powered plant
  • Napocor Bataan Thermal Power Plant — Limay — decommissioned
  • Bataan 2020 Cogen Power Plant — Samal — a 12.5 megawatt combined generator power plant powered by the same biomass; rice hull
  • YH Green Energy Solar Power Plant — Hermosa — has a 12.6 megawatt capacity
  • Citicore Solar Power Plant — Mariveles — has a 18 megawatt capacity
  • Morong Solar Power Plant — Morong — has a 5 megawatt capacity, by SPARC Solar Powered AgriRural Communities Corporation
  • Solana Solar Alpha Inc. — Hermosa — awarded — has a 20 megawatt capacity
  • Bataan Solar Power Project — Orani — awarded — has a 150 megawatt capacity, by BWST, Inc.
  • Sta. Rita Wind Power Project — Morong/Hermosa — awarded — has a 50 megawatt capacity

Sea ports / terminals

  • Mariveles Grain Terminal — Mariveles
  • Seasia-Nectar Mariveles Dry Bulk Terminal — Mariveles
  • Port of Lucanin — Mariveles
  • Port of Lamao — Mariveles
  • Port Capinpin — Orion


Highways / expressways / national roads

Notable people from Bataan

  • Raymond Almazan (Orion) — basketball player
  • Cayetano Arellano (Orion) — first Supreme Court Chief Justice of the Republic of the Philippines
  • Luz Banzon (Balanga) — wife of Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay; seventh First Lady of the Philippines
  • David Consunji (Dinalupihan) — chairman of publicly listed holding firm, DMCI Holdings, Incorporated
  • Gary David (Dinalupihan) — basketball player and television actor/comedian
  • Dan Dinh (unknown) — American retired professional League of Legends player
  • Romi Garduce (Balanga) — mountain climber who reached the peak of Mount Everest
  • Merceditas Gutierrez (Samal) — ombudsman, first female to head the post
  • Manuel C. Herrera (Pilar) — Ombudsman, justice of the Court of Appeals and chair of the National Unification Commission
  • Rodel Naval (Orion) — Filipino singer, songwriter and actor.
  • Evangeline Pascual (Orani) — actress and First Runner-Up Miss World 1973
  • Felicito Payumo (Dinalupihan) — Chairman of the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority from 1998-2004
  • Chad Peralta (Limay) — from Pinoy Dream Academy
  • Tomas Pinpin (Abucay) — printer, writer and publisher
  • Kerby Raymundo (Orion) — basketball player
  • Jackie Rice (Dinalupihan) — actress
  • Eric Rodriguez (Orion) — basketball player
  • Geraldine Roman (Orani) — journalist and politician; first transgender woman elected to Congress of the Philippines
  • Tomas del Rosario (Orani) — judge, statesman and first governor of the province of Bataan from 1903 to 1905
  • Mel Tiangco (Pilar) — popular television newscaster and television host; head of GMA Kapuso foundation.
  • Pedro Tuazon (Balanga) — Solicitor General of the Philippines, 1921
  • Janine Tugonon (Orion) — model, TV host and beauty pageant titleholder
  • Manuel Bamba Villar Jr. (Orani) — Senator, Republic of the Philippines

See also


  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Region III (Central Luzon)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  3. ^ Cornelio R. Bascara. 2010. A History of Bataan (1587-1900). UST Publishing
  4. ^ a b c Lancion, Jr., Conrado M.; cartography by de Guzman, Rey (1995). "The Provinces; Bataan". Fast Facts about Philippine Provinces (The 2000 Millenium ed.). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Tahanan Books. p. 32. ISBN 971-630-037-9. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  5. ^ Luções
  6. ^ a b c "Province: Bataan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c "Region III (Central Luzon)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 

External links

  • Media related to Bataan at Wikimedia Commons
  • Geographic data related to Bataan at OpenStreetMap
  • Bataan official website
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